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Songun politics is rooted in the military-priority ideology that embodies the Juche idea. President Kim Il Sung is a founder of Songun ideology and an outstanding leader of the Songun revolution. He inherited a revolutionary heritage of two pistols from his father and made a determination to restore the lost country with an armed struggle. |
The formation of the "Down-with-Imperialism Union" by the President in October Juche 15 (1926) was a proclamation of do-or-die battle to crush the Japanese imperialists. The two pistols left over by his father, Kim Hyong Jik and the program of the "Down-with-Imperialism Union" pointing out a staunch anti-imperialist and independent stand are the starting point of Songun ideology, ideology of giving precedence to arms and the military.
President Kim Il Sung put forward the line of armed struggle as the principal line of anti-Japanese national liberation struggle in a historic Kalun meeting held in June Juche 19 (1930) and thereby proclaimed the birth of Songun ideology throughout the world. He formed the Anti-Japanese People's Guerrilla Army, a first revolutionary armed force on April 25, Juche 21 (1932) and started the anti-Japanese armed struggle, which was a historic event announcing the beginning of the Songun revolutionary leadership'.
For almost 70 years starting from the mid-1920s when he embarked on the road of revolution with a high ambition for national liberation, he held fast to the line of giving priority to arms and the military and carried out the military-priority principle through. President Kim Il Sung, in the early 1960s, saw the inheritance of the Songun revolutionary leadership as the fundamental in the inherited revolutionary cause and assigned General Kim Jong Il with the task to be in charge of the army work together with the party work.
This is how the Songun' revolutionary leadership of General Kim Jong Il started with his on-spot guidance to the Guard Seoul Ryu Gyong Su 105 tank division of the Korean People's Army in August Juche 49 (1960). It is since then he gave his on-spot guidance to over hundreds of army units for nearly 10 years by the end of 1960.
In the 1970s and 1980s, he determined as a general task of army building to make the Korean People's Army as the army of Leader and as the army of the Party, and he worked hard to lead the efforts to strengthen the army both politically and ideologically, and militarily and technically. In the 1990s, there came to be a great change in political composition of the world and the balance of forces. The US and the imperialist reactionary forces intensified imprecedent military aggressive manoeuvres to stifle the country, thus laying obstacles in the way of Korean revolution.
General Kim Jong Il, based on a scientific analysis of the changed situation, declared at home and abroad that the politics of DPR Korea is Songun politics and established full the mode of Songun politics. At the first session of the 10th Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK in September Juche 87 (1998), a new system of state mechanism was made with the National Defence Commission as in the focus. It is like this, that the Songun politics of the party is the main political mode of socialism which has begun in the era of President Kim Il Sung and systemized in the hardest time of history.
General Kim Jong Il determined that the line of the Songun revolution be held fast to as long as the enemies survive and their aggressive attempts continue. He has unfolded the Songun politics and defended socialism with the might of the Songun politics and advanced the independent cause of the mankind.