Many interpreted the move as a strong sign to continue the country's reform and opening-up drive.
To bring the "Chinese dream" to fruition, the country needs to continue its reform and opening-up drive, a point Xi reiterated during his trip to Guangdong and in group studies conducted for the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.
"We'll never stop reform and opening up," Xi said. "We must waste no time in deepening reforms in key areas."
Some of the reforms China needs to carry out include transforming government functions and streamlining the administrative system.
At the second plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee held in February, Xi stressed that the government should figure out what it should do and not do in changing its functions.
Different roles and responsibilities of the government, the market and the society should be clearly defined, but the service of the government to the people should never change, Xi said.
Sustainable, high-quality economic growth is also imperative for the "Chinese dream," as China is now the world's second-largest economy.
"Future growth must be tangible and not exaggerated," Xi said. "It should be sustainable with good performance and good quality."
He urged accelerating the adjustment of China's economic structure and the transformation of its mode of economic development, adding that the country must implement an innovation-driven strategy for future development that focuses on growth quality and performance.
As chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission, Xi said a strong military is needed for the great renewal of the Chinese nation. He has demonstrated his strategic thinking on how to consolidate national defense and build strong armed forces.
For the past four months, Xi has inspected the army, navy, air force, second artillery corps and armed police, boarding warships and combat vehicles.
During an inspection tour to the Guangzhou Military Theater of Operations in December, Xi emphasized that soldiers must be loyal to the CPC and abide by the law.
"The armed forces need to be ready to assemble at the first call of the CPC and be capable of fighting and winning any battle," Xi said while inspecting the Lanzhou Military Area.
While vowing to never allow the country's national sovereignty, security and development interests to be infringed upon, Xi reiterated that China will always remain a staunch force in upholding world peace, as the nation suffered from wars in the past.
"We will never seek hegemony or engage in expansion," he said.
When he met CY Leung and Chui Sai On, chief executives of the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions, respectively, last year, Xi said he expects contributions from compatriots in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan in realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
During his February meeting with Lien Chan, honorary chairman of the Kuomintang, Xi stressed the CPC's confidence in carrying forward the peaceful development of cross-Strait relations.
The new leadership has full confidence in overcoming difficulties and bringing new prospects for the cross-Strait relations, he said.
"We sincerely hope Taiwan can develop along with the mainland and compatriots from both sides of the Strait can join hands in realizing the 'Chinese dream,'" he said.
Xi is anything but an unfamiliar name to the rest of the world, as he appeared on the international stage multiple times in recent years.
Since the 1980s, he has visited more than 60 countries and regions to gain experience and seek cooperative opportunities.
After he was elected vice president in 2008, Xi visited more than 40 countries and regions and became increasingly skilled in handling complicated international issues.
Shortly after he served as the top CPC leader last year, Xi met with foreign experts working in China and sought their views and suggestions on China's development.
"China is ready to learn from the achievements of all other cultures," he said.
Since November last year, Xi has met delegations from the United States, Russia, the Republic of Korea and Japan, and representatives from the United Nations, the African Union and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
His confident and pragmatic approach has made him well-known among foreign diplomats.
He reassured the world of China's peaceful development with his ideas regarding win-win cooperation and mutual benefit.
Since China and the world share common interests, the "Chinese dream" cannot be realized without peace and development in the world, Xi said.
A prosperous and stable world community offers opportunities to China, while China's development presents great opportunities to the world, he said.
He called for other countries also to engage in peaceful development in order to develop peaceful coexistence.
"No country should assume that we will trade our core interests for benefits, nor will we swallow the 'bitter fruit' of harming our sovereignty, security or development interests," he said.
In his first public speech after being elected the general secretary in November, Xi showed his leadership style by reaching out to ordinary people and highlighting the role the people have played.
Xi considers the people to be a source of strength and vows to stand by them in good times and bad.
"Our people have an ardent love for life. They wish to have better education, more stable jobs, more income, greater social security, better medical and health care, improved housing conditions and better environment," Xi said in the speech.
"They want their children to grow well, have ideal jobs and lead a more enjoyable life," he said. "To meet their desire for a happy life is our mission."
Xi has been concerned with the smog that affected people in many parts of the country. He ordered measures to cope with the air pollution, and asked government departments to join all sectors in the society to build a "Beautiful China."
On Dec. 1, 2012, the World AIDS Day, Xi visited a community clinic in Beijing, and shook hands with HIV carriers and AIDS patients, stressing that the whole society must be involved in fighting the disease, and every patient must be taken care of.
Shortly before the Spring Festival, Xi took to Beijing streets to give holiday regards to subway workers, sanitation workers, police officers and taxi drivers.