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Earning more money tends to make people happier, at least up to a point. But new research suggests the reverse may also be true: happier people actually go on to make more money.
一项针对1万多名美国人的研究发现，那些在成长期间每天经历更多正面情绪且对生活更为满意的人在29岁之前会赚更多的钱。这项研究是由伦敦大学学院(University College London)和伦敦经济学院(London School of Economics)的教授德内夫(Jan-Emmanuel De Neve)和华威大学(University of Warwick)经济学教授奥斯瓦德(Andrew Oswald)共同进行的。这篇论文上个月发表在《美国国家科学院院刊》(Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America)上。上周五在美国经济学会(American Economic Association)的年会上，这篇论文得到了介绍。
In a study of more than 10,000 Americans, those who experienced more positive daily emotions and felt more satisfied with their lives while growing up earned more income by age 29, according to research from University College London and London School of Economics professor Jan-Emmanuel De Neve and University of Warwick economics professor Andrew Oswald. The paper, published last month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, was presented Friday at the American Economic Association's annual meeting.
两位研究人员利用了全国青少年健康纵向研究(National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health)在1994年至2008年期间得出的调查数据。受调查中学生被问到的问题包括“‘你享受了生活’这样的表述在过去一周中有多少次是真心话？”等到这些学生年龄渐长后，他们还回答了“从整体看，你对自己的生活有多满意？”这样的问题。
The researchers drew on data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health between 1994 and 2008 that asked students how often statements like 'You enjoyed life' had been true during the past week. Later, when students were older, they also answered the question 'How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?'
Students who described themselves as happier at age 16 and 18 and felt more satisfied with their lives at age 22 earned more income at age 29. On a scale of one to five, a one-point increase in life satisfaction at age 22 translated into about $2,000 more in later earnings. The mean income was around $35,000.
Among siblings, a one-point increase in life satisfaction at age 22, compared with the mean of the family, translated into a nearly $4,000 difference in earnings at age 29, compared with the family mean.