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China needs to improve anti-corruption efforts [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2013-1-25 19:57:41 |Display all floors

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Post time 2013-1-29 10:52:15 |Display all floors

RE: China needs to improve anti-corruption efforts

This post was edited by sansukong at 2013-1-29 10:43

262 fugitives repatriated to China in 2012                                            

Updated: 2013-01-28 07:17
By Zhang Yan ( China Daily)


Success in repatriating criminals, but many still overseas: official

More than 800 fugitives were repatriated in the last eight years, a senior official from the Ministry of Public Security said.



                                                                                                                                       Last year alone, 262 fugitives were repatriated, Liao Jinrong, director of the international cooperation bureauunder the Ministry of Public Security, told China Daily in an exclusive interview.

The number accounts for nearly half of the 560 fugitives seized between 2005 and 2011.Most of the fugitives were involved in white-collar crime."Police have been focusing more on fugitives in recent years. The hundreds of tipoffs provided by Chinese people living overseas has also helped," Liao said.Most of the fugitives were officials suspected of corruption, employees from State-owned enterprises and people working in the financial sector, he said.A number of high-profile fugitives were sent home, including Lai Changxing, who was found guilty of running a huge smuggling ring. He was deported from Canada in 2011. Gao Shan was another well-known fugitive now back in China. The former director of a Bank of China branch spent eight years on the run in Canada for financial fraud.Most of the cases involving the former fugitives have been, or are set to be, before the courts, he said.But Liao admitted that many fugitives are still at large. He did not disclose a precise number, but said that at least "a large number" of fugitives escaped to the United States, Canada, Europe and Southeast Asia.

The countries and regions where the fugitives have gone all have one thing in common - a track record of" rather weak cooperation" with China, he said."They know that once they get there, especially to the US and Canada, it will be very difficult for us to bring them back for trial," he said.

China has not signed extradition treaties with the US or Canada. "Plus, the judiciary in North America tend to be prejudiced against China's judiciary and procedures and are reluctant to assist in the repatriation of fugitives," he said.

Generally, it takes three to five years to bring back a fugitive, he said, though in some cases it takes much longer.

Lai, one of China's most notorious fugitives, is an example. Lai escaped to Canada with a tourist visa in 1999. He was extradited to China in July 2011 after a federal court in Canada rejected his appeal to suspend the repatriation order. That ruling ended a 12-year pursuit.

Lai was convicted in May 2012 of smuggling commodities and offering bribes and was sentenced to life imprisonment. The smuggled goodsand taxes that he evaded were valued at nearly 40 billion yuan ($6.4 billion).

Liao said that police still have no idea how much Lai had transferred abroad. Getting the fugitive is one thing, but finding any hidden assets is another, he said. China's police have no power in foreign lands and they have to rely on international cooperation to investigate and retrieve funds, he said.

The Canadian authorities have not given any indication regarding cooperation in recovering Lai's illegal assets, he said.

Police estimate that thousands of economic fugitives have transferred "billions of yuan" of assets overseas, he said."The funds are usually used to purchase houses and cars in foreign countries. But some fugitives have spent the money on gambling and drugs," he said.Some of the fugitives present a clear danger to their new homes. "They have no legal status and lead an unstable life, unable to secure a jobto support themselves. Some of them end up being engaged in crimes, especially smuggling and drugs," he said.In order to track down the fugitives and combat international crime, the ministry has sent 38 liaison officers to Chinese embassies in 23countries and regions, including the US, Canada, France, Russia, Japan and South Africa.They usually request local assistance in investigating and catching fugitives after Interpol issues warrants, he said.So far, China has signed extradition treaties with 35 countries and regions, according to the ministry.Li Lin, a lawyer from Beijing Municipal Lawyers' Association, said North America is the main destination for corrupt officials.Liao said that the ministry has proposed to the US that the two countries establish a minister-level mechanism between China's Ministry ofPublic Security and the US Department of Homeland Security.

Dai Peng, professor at the Chinese People's Public Security University, said that police should take measures to stop corrupt officials before they flee or transfer assets abroad."In most cases, when corrupt officials are exposed, they have already transferred huge amounts overseas through underground banks ormoney laundering," Dai said.zhangyan1@chinadaily.com.cn



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Post time 2015-8-10 05:04:28 |Display all floors
ONGOING LOSSES OF NATIONAL WEALTH SHOULD BE STOPPED FIRST, THEN CORRUPTION INVESTIGATED LATER.

WITH THE TRANSFER OF WEALTH FROM CHINA TO JAPAN AND THE WEST THROUGH THE MECHANISM OF THE OVERVALUATION OF THE YUAN - LEAVING HUNDREDS OF BILLION OF DOLLARS OF EXPORT REVENUE ON THE TABLE FOR JAPAN TO PICK UP BECAUSE JAPANESE YEN IS UNDERVALUED WHILE THE CHINESE YUAN IS OVERVALUED - FAILURE TO DEMAND ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE ARCHITECTS OF THIS ASTRONOMIC LOSS OF CHINA IS ITSELF A FORM OF CORRUPTION.

CORRUPTION STARTS WITH IGNORING THE PUBLIC GOOD, AND ALLOWS ACCOUNTABILITY OF OFFICIALS TO THEIR SUPERIORS TO SUPERSEDE THEIR ACCOUNTABILITY TO THEIR CONSTITUENCY, SUCH THAT THE PUBLIC CAN LOSE HUNDREDS OF BILLIONS OF DOLLARS, EVEN TRILLIONS OF DOLLARS, IN THE NAME OF A POLICY DIRECTIVE, AND EVERYBODY APPEARS CLEAN AND CORRUPTION-FREE, WHEN THE TRUTH IS THAT FOREIGN COUNTRIES ARE PROFITING FROM THIS MISTAKE.  

THE ONLY THING MISSING IS THE PAYING OF THE PAYOLA TO THE CORRUPT OFFICIALS, WHICH CAN WAIT SEVERAL YEARS UNTIL THE TIME IS RIPE FOR THEM TO RETIRE.

MISTAKES IN POLICY, MISTAKES IN ACTION, SHOULD HAVE BEEN LONG AGO INVESTIGATED, IRREGARDLESS OF PROOF OF TAKING MONEY OR FAVORS FROM OTHERS, BECAUSE THE PUBLIC INTEREST IS ALWAYS NUMBER ONE, AND PROSECUTING CRIMINALS WHILE IMPORTANT, CANNOT SUBSTITUTE FOR PROTECTING THE COUNTRY FROM HARM AT EVERY MOMENT.

WHAT WOULD YOU SAY OF A SHERIFF WHO LETS A VICTIM WOUNDED BY A ROBBER TO BLEED TO DEATH, WHILE HE GOES OUT WITH HIS POSSE TO CAPTURE THE CRIMINAL?  SHOULD HE BE PRAISED AND REWARDED FOR CATCHING OR ATTEMPTING TO CATCH THE CULPRIT?  OR SHOULD HE BE MADE ACCOUNTABLE FOR FAILURE TO SAVE THE VICTIM'S LIFE?

IS THERE ANY ATTEMPT TO STOP THE CONSCIOUS EFFORT TO OVERVALUE THE YUAN?  WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF LATER CATCHING THE THIEVES, AFTER THE BANK IS ALREADY EMPTY, AND THE LOOT CAN NO LONGER BE RECOVERED?



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