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His dark charisma--BBC [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-11-12 09:16:02 |Display all floors
12 November

Viewpoint: His dark charisma



Adolf Hitler was an unlikely leader but he still formed a connection with millions of German people, generating a level of charismatic attraction that was almost without parallel. It is a stark warning for the modern day, says historian Laurence Rees.

At the heart of the story of Adolf Hitler is one gigantic, mysterious question: how was it possible that a character as strange and personally inadequate as Hitler ever gained power in a sophisticated country at the heart of Europe, and was then loved by millions of people?
The answer to this vital question is to be found not just in the historical circumstances of the time - in particular the defeat of Germany in World War I and the depression of the early 1930s - but in the nature of Hitler's leadership.
It's this aspect of the story that makes this history particularly relevant to our lives today.
About Adolf Hitler
  • Hitler was born 20 April 1889 in Braunau-am-Inn
  • Left school at 16 with no qualifications and struggled to make a living as a painter in Vienna
  • Enlisted in the German army during WWI, where he was wounded and decorated
  • Joined the fascist German Workers' Party in 1919
  • By 1921 was the leader of what was now the Nazi Party
  • In the 1932 elections the Nazis became the largest party in the German parliament
  • Invasion of Poland in September 1939 began WWII
  • Committed suicide in Berlin on 30 April 1945
Source: BBC History

Hitler was the archetypal "charismatic leader". He was not a "normal" politician - someone who promises policies like lower taxes and better health care - but a quasi-religious leader who offered almost spiritual goals of redemption and salvation. He was driven forward by a sense of personal destiny he called "providence".

Before WWI he was a nobody, an oddball who could not form intimate relationships, was unable to debate intellectually and was filled with hatred and prejudice.
But when Hitler spoke in the Munich beer halls in the aftermath of Germany's defeat in WWI, suddenly his weaknesses were perceived as strengths.
His hatred chimed with the feelings of thousands of Germans who felt humiliated by the terms of the Versailles treaty and sought a scapegoat for the loss of the war. His inability to debate was taken as strength of character and his refusal to make small talk was considered the mark of a "great man" who lived apart from the crowd.
More than anything, it was the fact that Hitler found that he could make a connection with his audience that was the basis of all his future success. And many called this connection "charisma".
"The man gave off such a charisma that people believed whatever he said," says Emil Klein, who heard Hitler speak in the 1920s.
But Hitler did not "hypnotise" his audience. Not everyone felt this charismatic connection, you had to be predisposed to believe what Hitler was saying to experience it. Many people who heard Hitler speak at this time who thought he was an idiot.
"I immediately disliked him because of his scratchy voice," says Herbert Richter, a German veteran of WWI who encountered Hitler in Munich in the early 1920s.

"He shouted out really, really simple political ideas. I thought he wasn't quite normal."
In the good economic times, during the mid-to-late twenties in Germany, Hitler was thought charismatic by only a bunch of fanatics. So much so that in the 1928 election the Nazis polled only 2.6% of the vote.
Yet less than five years later Hitler was chancellor of Germany and leader of the most popular political party in the country.
Find out more


What changed was the economic situation. In the wake of the Wall Street Crash of 1929 there was mass unemployment in Germany and banks crashed.

"The people were really hungry," says Jutta Ruediger, who started to support the Nazis around this time. "It was very, very hard. And in that context, Hitler with his statements seemed to be the bringer of salvation."
She looked at Hitler and suddenly felt a connection with him.
"I myself had the feeling that here was a man who did not think about himself and his own advantage, but solely about the good of the German people."
Hitler told millions of Germans that they were Aryans and therefore "special" and racially "better" people than everyone else, something that helped cement the charismatic connection between leader and led.

He did not hide his hatred, his contempt for democracy or his belief in the use of violence to further political ends from the electorate. But, crucially, he spoke out only against carefully defined enemies like Communists and Jews.
Since the majority of ordinary Germans were not in these risk groups then, as long as they embraced the new world of Nazism, they were relatively free from persecution - at least until the war started to go badly for the Germans.

"Unemployment was 30% in Germany when Hitler took power, it is 25.1% and rising in Greece”

End Quote Paul Mason Economics editor, Newsnight

This history matters to us today. Not because history offers "lessons" - how can it since the past can never repeat itself exactly? But because history can contain warnings.

In an economic crisis millions of people suddenly decided to turn to an unconventional leader they thought had "charisma" because he connected with their fears, hopes and latent desire to blame others for their predicament. And the end result was disastrous for tens of millions of people.
It's bleakly ironic that German Chancellor Angela Merkel was greeted in Athens recently with swastika banners carried by angry Greeks protesting at what they see as German interference in their country.
Ironic because it is in Greece itself - amid terrible economic crisis - that we see the sudden rise of a political movement like the Golden Dawn that glories in its intolerance and desire to persecute minorities.
And is led by a man has claimed there were no gas chambers in Auschwitz. Can there be a bigger warning than that?
Laurence Rees is a former creative director of history programmes for the BBC and the author of six books on World War II.

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Post time 2012-11-12 09:40:40 |Display all floors
Rothschild

Some speculate he was an illegitimate Austrian Rothschild.
9/11 was an inside job.
No second plane.It was a bomb.Bomb in the other building.
You KNOW without a doubt the videos are fake,right ?!
Planes don't meld into steel and concrete buildings.They crash into them !!!!!!!
It's amazing how the building ate the plane !!!
Imagine those fragile wings cutting slots in massive steel columns !!!!!
How STUPID can they think the people are to believe that crap ??!!

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Post time 2012-11-12 09:49:23 |Display all floors
Hitler was the archetypal "charismatic leader". He was not a "normal" politician - someone who promises policies like lower taxes and better health care - but a quasi-religious leader who offered almost spiritual goals of redemption and salvation.

Her majesty bbc think Hitler was as relligous nut as GW Bush for example , i can agree with that part of her majesty story.


Hitler was indeed very good catholic , Vatican loved him dearly because of that........................

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Post time 2012-11-12 09:57:10 |Display all floors
petera Post time: 2012-11-12 09:40
Rothschild

Some speculate he was an illegitimate Austrian Rothschild.

he was catholic

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Post time 2012-11-12 13:22:33 |Display all floors
In times of poverty, psychopaths come out of the wood works, raving mad that the world is not feeding them, and the worst psychopath who never has any lapse of sanity, ends up leading them all.  This is Nazism.  It is a movement of psychopaths, for psychopaths and by psychopaths.  And the Japanese Nazi's are exactly the same kind of rabid mass murderers.

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Post time 2012-11-12 14:09:19 |Display all floors
abramicus Post time: 2012-11-12 13:22
In times of poverty, psychopaths come out of the wood works, raving mad that the world is not feedin ...

agreed

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Post time 2012-11-13 02:08:14 |Display all floors
Kbay Post time: 2012-11-12 18:10
Zhit Smithy, I thought yo woz talkin about Sir Jim for the momentum there.
Jim haz the BBC is a real ...

BBC had some problems with pedophilia indeed.......... but as propaganda of her majesty BBC remain second to none............keep calm and carry on like nothing happened her majesty sez

Her majesty subjects love for children can not be doubted, her majesty spend billions on childrens "protection"
_____________________________
Big Brother UK: 8 million children recorded on massive secret database

12 November, 2012



A newly uncovered clandestine computer network, known as the ‘One System,’ can reportedly share children’s personal details across different UK agencies, including age, sex, address and their school behavior records – all without parents ever knowing.
One of Britain’s biggest government contractors has created a database containing the personal details of 8 million children, the Sunday Times revealed.
The database was created by Capita – a company specializing in IT systems – and includes information on a child’s sex, age, exam results, if they have special needs, bad behavior like absenteeism and how many minutes late they are to lessons.
This information can then be shared with numerous agencies, including the police, the NHS and child protection units and charities, all without parental consent.
Teachers collect data on all children, not just ones deemed to be at risk. This includes recording how many minutes late they are for class.
“While information is absolutely essential to protect children, you need to collect information about children who are at risk and not every child,” Nick Pickles from privacy advocate group Big Brother Watch told RT.
The One System is already employed by about 100 local authorities, and was created two years after Contact Point – a similar database which was set up by the then-Labour government, but scrapped by the current coalition because of security concerns.
Documents obtained by the Sunday Times revealed that classroom information is gathered by teachers and submitted to the One System up to six times a day to provide a “golden thread of data” that can be accessed by anyone working with children.
In an Orwellian twist, the firm hires photographers to take pictures of schoolchildren, which they then offer for sale to their parents before uploading them onto the database.
“The only reason they’ve designed this is about profit, it’s not about keeping children safe,” Pickles said.
Capita has been providing school management databases for local councils, called ‘Sims,’ for several years. Those councils can now upload data from Sims onto the One Database. The records, if required, could be integrated into a larger centralized database.
In Swindon, a large town in southern England, records on 48,000 pupils are stored on the Capita One database and have been shared with health officials at local NHS hospitals, and with teams that work with young offenders.
Capita children’s services, which designed the system, told the Sunday Times that it could be used to identify vulnerable children who may need support from social workers.
Pickles disagrees: “Child protection can not be delegated to an algorithm without local or individual knowledge of that child. Databases and computers remove human judgment.”
Pickles argued that one of the main problems with the One System is that it’s not a centralized government system, and is therefore inconsistent across schools.
This compartmentalization also makes it harder to share information effectively and quickly. In the past, children were not necessarily endangered by a lack of information, but by professionals whose job it is to protect them not sharing information that already exists. This is allegedly what happened in the 2002 Soham murders, where 13-year-old Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells were killed by Ian Huntley, their school’s caretaker.
Pickles also expressed concern that data, once on a database, “may be lost, stolen or misused.”

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