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词典“收录”英文怎么说? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-10-15 14:10:25 |Display all floors
8月28日,国内百余名学者联名写举报信,送至新闻出版总署和国家语言文字委员会。该举报信称,商务印书馆第6版《现代汉语词典》收录“NBA”等239个西文字母开头的词语,违反了《国家通用语言文字法》等法规。

请看《中国日报》的报道:

The scholars, including linguists and senior reporters, said the inclusion of words such as the basketball league "NBA" and "PM2.5", a measure of air pollution, violated regulations covering the Chinese language, including the Law on the Standard Spoken and Written Chinese Language.

包括语言学家以及高级记者在内的这些学者表示,收录NBA以及PM2.5(测量空气污染的一个指标)等词语违反了《国家通用语言文字法》等汉语语言法规。

Inclusion of words就是“词语收录”。这些学者在letter of complaint(举报信)中指出,收录这类词语会endanger Chinese language and culture(危及汉语语言和文化),同时也是为cultural immersion(文化渗透)偷开了一扇门。

其实,汉语中有很多词都是borrowed words(外来语),通过直译(literal translation /word-for-word translation)、意译(free translation)、音译(transliteration)以及改译(explaining translation)等翻译手法译成汉语。不过,由于cultural communication(文化交流)的增加,不少英文缩略词也日渐被大众多接受并广泛使用。


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