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[Beijing] The Forbidden City [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2011-12-15 13:31:08 |Display all floors
This post was edited by angela627 at 2011-12-15 13:36

The Forbidden City is the best preserved imperial palace in China and the largest ancient palatial structure in the world.

The splendid architecture of the Forbidden City represents the essence and culmination of traditional Chinese architectural accomplishment.

History

The Forbidden City, situated in the very heart of Beijing, was home to 24 emperors of the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) Dynasties. The construction of the grand palace started in the fourth year of Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty (1406), and ended in 1420. In ancient times, the emperor claimed to be the son of Heaven, and therefore Heaven’s supreme power was bestowed upon him. The emperors’ residence on earth was built as a replica of the Purple Palace where God was thought to live in Heaven. Such a divine place was certainly forbidden to ordinary people and that is why the Forbidden City is so named. Originally called Zijin Cheng ('Purple Forbidden City'), in China now it is usually called Gugong (故宫 /goo-gong), the 'Former/Old Palace'.

Features

The Forbidden City covers an area of about 72 hectares (178 acres) with a total floor space of approximately 150,000 square meters (1,600,000 square feet). It consists of 90 palaces and courtyards, 980 buildings and 8,704 rooms. To represent the supreme power of the emperor given from God, and the place where he lived being the center of the world, all the gates, palace and other structures of the Forbidden City were arranged about the south-north central axis of Beijing.

For security the Forbidden City is enclosed by a 10 meter high city wall, which has a circumference of 3, 430 meters. At each corner of the Forbidden City, there stands a magnificent watchtower, which was heavily guarded in the past. Around the city there is a moat as the first line of defense.

How to Get there?
1) Take the subway Line one and get off at Tian An Men Xi or Tian An Men Dong 2) Take Tourist Bus No. 1 or No. 5 and get off at Qian Men 3) Other Buses that passes by are 特1,特2,特4、特7、1、2、4、5、7、8、9、10、11、17、20、22、31、34、37、44、48、52、53、54、59、110、120、205、329支、329、509、703、726、728、729、742、744、784、803、808、819、820、821、826支、826、848、859 and 922. One may take these buses and drop at Qianmen or Tiananmen
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