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Don't rush to celebrate post-Gaddafi era |
Profile: Libya's fallen leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan people celebrate the death of the Libyan fallen leader Muammar Gaddafi in Tripoli, Libya, Oct. 20, 2011. Mahmoud Jibril, head of the Libyan National Transitional Council's executive committee, confirmed Thursday that former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was killed in gun battle in his hometown Sirte. (Xinhua/Li Muzi)
by Wei Jianhua
BEIJING, Oct. 21 (Xinhua) -- Resorting to the most violent means to effect a change, the armed forces of Libya's National Transitional Council (NTC) and NATO have finally taken control of Muammar Gaddafi's last stronghold of Sirte and are embracing the real arrival of the post-Gaddafi era.
The Libyan people have paid a costly price for the change. The months-long civil war has completely paralysed the country's national economy, ruined its lifeline oil industry, unleashed tribal forces and left a heavy toll of casualties.
With Gaddafi's demise, the Libyan people are stepping into a new era. However, there are reasons to remain cautious, or at least not too optimistic, about the country's future as no one has any illusions about a quick and easy solution to the tremendous difficulties lying ahead.
Take a look at Iraq! The Iraqi people, many of whom once were rejoiced at the death of their former leader Saddam Hussein, have now been subject to frequent bomb and suicide attacks as the country has descended into bloody factionalism.
The hard fact is that the interim government has to manage the high expectations of the Libyan people and face tremendous tasks such as an underlying power struggle.
Currently, the big question is how long the transitional period will last in the crisis-torn North African country now that Gaddafi is gone.
The answer to this largely lies with the NTC itself. Since the common goal of toppling Gaddafi's rule in Libya has been achieved, can the NTC maintain its unity, establish a new cause, strike a sustainable power balance and secure a national reconciliation?
For the NTC, it will be an extremely complicated and arduous mission to establish a national political structure that includes a parliament, various levels of governments, an army and a police force.
Till now, the NTC has been crammed with figures holding different political viewpoints, including many defected officials from the Gaddafi era. And the NTC, though recognized by many countries, is not free of power struggles.
What's more, some factions have voiced disapproval of the NTC, while others only see themselves as regional forces.
Fresh from months of fierce fighting against the forces loyal to Gaddafi, the NTC now needs tremendous efforts and more time to unite the various factions in a bid to gain full control of the whole situation.
What's also fueling the uncertainty about Libya's future is the involvement of foreign powers, which may seek to have a hand in the post-Gaddifi era for their own benefit.
With an outcome of the Libyan civil war that would have been totally different without NATO's bombing backup, is it the time now for the foreign powers to demand something in return?
The political change in Libya is part of the transformation of the Middle East. Domestic and foreign powers will gradually show up in Libya to grab or expand their interests in the country. As a result, Libya will be confronted with an increasingly complex situation and more variables in the future.
From an old regime to a new era, Libya is undergoing a drastic and arduous transformation.
Gaddafi killed in gun battle as Libya's ruling NTC controls Sirte
TRIPOLI, Oct. 20 (Xinhua) -- Libya's fallen leader Muammar Gaddafi died of wounds around Thursday noon after his capture in Sirte, after nearly two months on the run, as fighters of the ruling National Transitional Council (NTC) claimed control of Gaddafi's hometown.
Mahmoud Jibril, head of the NTC's executive committee, confirmed Thursday at a press conference held in Tripoli that Gaddafi, who has ruled the North African country for 42 years, was killed in his hometown Sirte, some 450 km east of Tripoli. Full story
Gaddafi's death clears hurdle in Libya, but no guarantee for smooth sailing
WASHINGTON, Oct. 20 (Xinhua) -- U.S. President Barack Obama said on Thursday that the death of Libya's ousted leader Muammar Gaddafi marks the end of a long and painful chapter for the people of Libya, while admitting there is still a long road ahead for the country.
Experts here noted while Gaddafi's death clears an important hurdle for the country to move forward, daunting challenges remain in its path toward rebuilding the war-ravaged country and establishing a functioning government. Full story
Special Report: Foreign Military Intervention in Libya
[ Last edited by SMITHI at 2011-10-21 05:08 PM ]