Author: dragon8

China confirms first aircraft carrier 'nearly ready' [Copy link] 中文

Post time 2011-6-28 02:57:22 |Display all floors
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Post time 2011-7-28 01:39:19 |Display all floors

China building two aircraft carriers

27 July 2011.


Exclusive: China building two aircraft carriers, sources say


China is building two indigenous aircraft carriers as part of a broad modernization program that has rattled nerves regionally, sources said on Wednesday, as the government confirmed it was refitting an old Soviet carrier for training.


China is ramping up military spending as the United States discusses cutting its defense budget, though the Washington still far outspends China on security and is much more technologically advanced.


President Hu Jintao has made the navy a keystone of China's military ramp-up, and the carriers will be among the most visible signs of the country's rising military prowess.


"Two aircraft carriers are being built at the nan shipyard in Shanghai," one source with ties to China's Communist Party leadership told Reuters, requesting anonymity because he was not authorized to talk about the program.


The Defense Ministry has only confirmed the existence of one carrier, which was bought from Ukraine in 1998 and was once destined to become a floating casino.


That will be used for training and research purposes, ministry spokesman Geng Yansheng said, seeking to reassure other countries that China would stick to its defensive military policy.


But he said China it had a right to protect its extensive maritime territory and coast.


"This is the sacred responsibility of China's armed forces," Geng said, in a statement carried on the ministry's website (www.mod.gov.cn).


"Building a carrier is extremely complex. We are currently refitting an old aircraft carrier, to be used for research and testing," Geng said.


"An aircraft carrier is a weapons platform; it can be used for offensive or defensive purposes. It can also be used to maintain global peace and for rescue and relief work," he added.


While Geng gave no timetable for starting sea trials, he said pilots were being trained to operate from the carrier.


Sources with ties to the Communist Party and the military said that ship would likely be based in the southern island province of Hainan, which sits atop of the vital trade lanes of the sensitive South China Sea.


The news comes as China has been flexing its muscles more aggressively in those waters, where a territorial dispute with Taiwan and several nearby countries, including Vietnam and the Philippines, has festered for years.


Geng said the timing "had nothing to do" with the tension there, though the message will be clear to many in Asia.


"China can now project its power to even further away from its coastline," said Alexander Huang, professor of strategic studies at Taiwan's Tamkang University.


"That will have significant security implications to forces operating in the Western Pacific, including the U.S., Japan and Australia, so this is a watershed development."


The carrier will add to regional concerns about China's military modernization and arms build-up.


Defense spending is rising fast, and Beijing continues to test new high-tech equipment, including a stealth fighter.


"China's next moves have to be watched carefully, or there eventually could be a negative impact on maritime safety in Asia," said Yoshihiko Yamada, a professor at Japan's Tokai University.


Xinhua news agency said it was the first time the government had confirmed it was pursuing a carrier program.


WORST KEPT SECRET


The old Soviet carrier's refitting has been one of China's worst-kept military secrets.


Pictures of it sitting in Dalian harbor have circulated on Chinese websites for months, and it has been widely discussed in state media.


China would be the third Asian country to have a carrier after India and Thailand, but it will take time before it can go to sea in Asian waters that have largely been the domain of the U.S. navy since World War Two.


"It will be a long while before China develops a fully-fledged carrier capability, it will take a long time to train the necessary crews ... it may be up to decade until China has carrier capability," said Tim Huxley, director for defense and military analysis at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in Singapore.


For Beijing, the rationale of an aircraft carrier is more than just about modernizing a navy whose most notable engagements of the past few years have been skirmishes in the South China Sea with some of the other claimant nations.


Sending naval vessels further afield, to the waters off Somalia to fight pirates, and through the southern Japanese islands, has also partly been about ensuring trade routes are protected.


Yet China frets about the powerful U.S. military presence close to its shores, in particular U.S. bases in Japan and South Korea, and Washington's close but unofficial ties with Taiwan, the self-ruled island Beijing claims as its own.


"Aircraft carriers are essential for China primarily to defend its territory and territorial waters and bring a semblance of parity among the world's big powers," Wang Baokun, a defense studies professor at Beijing's Renmin University, wrote in the China Daily earlier this month.

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Post time 2011-7-28 12:11:21 |Display all floors

Reply #1 dragon8's post

The carrier had already been launched many years ago. Now, it's merely being renovated and refurbished, breaking the agreement by which it was acquired. can we trust China? Maybe not!

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Post time 2011-7-28 13:35:02 |Display all floors

Reply #9 dragon8's post

We all note that China 3 aircraft carrier fleet should be ready in year 2016 - to match the deployment of India's navy deployment in that same year.

Together with India, both can participate in global strategic balance in the India and Pacific oceans!

Cheerios!

Green DRagon
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Post time 2011-7-28 22:21:25 |Display all floors
Originally posted by greendragon at 2011-7-28 12:35
We all note that China 3 aircraft carrier fleet should be ready in year 2016 - to match the deployment of India's navy deployment in that same year.

Together with India, both can participate in  ...


Be honest, can you really see this happening? I think not!

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Post time 2011-7-28 23:01:05 |Display all floors

China defends carrier plans, neighbors worry about buildup

28 July 2011.


China's neighbors are worried its aircraft carrier program may in time intimidate regional rivals but its military on Thursday defended the plan as vital for maritime security.


A day after China confirmed it was refitting an old Soviet vessel, and sources told Reuters it was building two of its own carriers, the official Liberation Army Daily stressed the mix of patriotic glory-seeking and future security worries behind the decision.


China's humiliations at the hands of Western powers in the past centuries "left the Chinese people with the deep pain of having seas they could not defend, helplessly eating the bitter fruit of being beaten for being backward," said a front-page editorial in the paper.


That trend is changing as Beijing ramps up its military spending while Washington discusses cutting its much larger defense budget.


Growing Chinese military reach is triggering regional jitters that have fed into longstanding territorial disputes, and could speed up military expansion across Asia.


In the past year, China has had run-ins at sea with Japan, Vietnam and the Philippines.


The incidents -- boat crashes and charges of territorial incursions -- have been minor, but the diplomatic reaction often heated.


"The issue of transparency regarding China's defense policy and its military expansion itself are concerns not only for Japan but for the region and the international community," Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano said on Thursday.


In the 2012 budget submitted to Philippine Congress this week, the Philippines wants to raise military spending to 8 billion pesos ($190 million) per year from a previous 5 billion.


"China's new carrier demonstrates the current phase of China's military modernization. The Philippines cannot match this modernization trend," said Rommel Banlaoi, executive director at the Philippine Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research.


"But it serves as a clarion call for the Philippines to also upgrade its military capability to patrol its waters," he said.


The Chinese carrier program could fuel the drive for submarines in Southeast Asia, said Rory Medcalf, program director of International Security at the Lowy Institute for International Policy in Sydney.


"There is already a submarine race, or submarine capability competition, in the region. This could add to that dynamic but I do not think it will be fundamental driver of it," he said.


South Korea also disputes territory with China, which is also the major backer of the principal threat to security on the Korean peninsula, the North.


"In the past, China could only criticize the Americans whenever a U.S. aircraft carrier entered the Yellow Sea off of the South Korean coast," said Moon Hong-sik, research fellow at the Institute for National Security Strategy in Seoul.


"Now, they are capable of displaying their own show of force in response to an American carrier deployment in close proximity to China."


PROTECT NATIONAL INTEREST


As well as refitting the old Soviet-era carrier bought from Ukraine in 1998, China is building two indigenous aircraft carriers as part of a broad modernization program, sources told Reuters on Wednesday.


"Putting it in the overall context of China's expanding and modernizing military, there is some cause for concern," said Daniel Pinkston of the International Crisis Group in Seoul.


"When we ask what they will do, or might do, with the growing capability, there is greater concern these days about the uncertainties that lie ahead with the South China Sea."


Others point to India, China's great rival as an emerging Asian economic and military powerhouse.


"If the Chinese leave the west Pacific, there's only one areas they're interested in, the Indian Ocean. In that sense, competition with (India) is inevitable," said Raja Menon, a former rear admiral in the Indian navy.


China's Liberation Army Daily pointed to future risks as a rationale for the carrier program, which will take many years to create an operational carrier force.


"The struggle to win maritime interests is increasingly intense," the editorial added. A powerful navy is "an inevitable choice for protecting China's increasingly globalised national interests," said the paper.


President Hu Jintao has made the navy a keystone of China's military ramp-up, and the carriers will be among the most visible signs of the country's rising military prowess.


"An aircraft carrier is a battle platform that can be used for offence or defense, and that fundamentally rests on a country's defense policy and military strategy," said the paper.


"China's development is the development of a force for peace."

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Post time 2011-8-2 15:16:22 |Display all floors

What a liar!

If there weren't so many traffic accidents in the country, there seems not to be any advantages in the air traffic.
Who really wants a final trip by plane or by train or on foot.

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