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Stop Bombing Libya
"We can't because we bestowed upon ourselves the 'policeman' (or Gestapo) of the World" said the Washington Witch and|
the Nobel Peace Prize winner for 2009 - Obama!
US Global Tyranny will be rendered impotent, dismantled and finally consigned to the rubbish bin of history.
Stop Bombing Libya
by Prof. Marjorie Cohn
Global Research, March 22, 2011
Since Saturday night, the United States, France, and Britain have been bombing Libya with cruise missiles,
B-2 stealth bombers, F-16 and F-15 fighter jets, and Harrier attack jets. There is no reliable estimate of the
number of civilians killed. The U.S. has taken the lead in the punishing bombing campaign to carry out United
Nations Security Council Resolution 1973.
The resolution authorizes UN Member States “to take all necessary measures . . . to protect civilians and
civilian populated areas under threat of attack in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, including Benghazi, while
excluding a foreign occupation force of any form on any part of Libyan territory.” The military action taken
exceeds the bounds of the “all necessary measures” authorization.
“All necessary measures” should first have been peaceful measures to settle the conflict. But peaceful
means were not exhausted before Obama began bombing Libya. A high level international team – consisting
of representatives from the Arab League, the Organization of African Unity, and the UN Secretary General – should
have been dispatched to Tripoli to attempt to negotiate a real cease-fire, and set up a mechanism for
elections and for protecting civilians.
There is no doubt that Muammar Qaddafi has been brutally repressing Libyans in order to maintain his
power. But the purpose of the United Nations is to maintain international peace and security. The burgeoning
conflict in Libya is a civil war, which arguably does not constitute a threat to international peace and security.
The UN Charter commands that all Members settle their international disputes by peaceful means, to maintain
international peace, security, and justice. Members must also refrain from the threat or use of force against
the territorial integrity or political independence of any state or in any manner inconsistent with the Purposes
of the United Nations.
Only when a State acts in self-defense, in response to an armed attack by one country against another, can
it militarily attack another State under the UN Charter. The need for self-defense must be overwhelming,
leaving no choice of means, and no moment for deliberation. Libya has not attacked another country. The
United States, France and Britain are not acting in self-defense. Humanitarian concerns do not constitute
The UN Charter does not permit the use of military force for humanitarian interventions. But the UN General
Assembly embraced a norm of “Responsibility to Protect” in the Outcome Document of the 2005 World Summit.
Paragraph 138 of that document says each individual State has the responsibility to protect its populations from
genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. Paragraph
139 adds that the international community, through the United Nations, also has “the responsibility to use
appropriate diplomatic, humanitarian and other peaceful means, in accordance with Chapters VI and VIII of
the Charter, to help protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.”
Chapter VI of the Charter requires parties to a dispute likely to endanger the maintenance of international
peace and security to %A