- Registration time
- Last login
- Online time
- 122 Hour
- Reading permission
The Q-5 (Qiangji-5, or Qiang-5; export name: A-5; NATO reporting name: Fantan)
The Q-5 (Qiangji-5, or Qiang-5; export name: A-5; NATO reporting name: Fantan) is a twin-engine, single-seat, supersonic ground attack aircraft developed by Nanchang-based Hongdu Aircraft Industry Group. The main roles of the aircraft are air interdiction and close air support. Early variants of the Q-5 in service with the PLAAF and PLA Navy have now been replaced by the upgraded variants with improved navigation and precision strike capability. The PLA has been seeking a replacement to this forty-year-old design since the 1970s, but with no success. Instead, the aircraft has been steadily upgraded with new weapons and avionics to extend its service life.|
The Q-5 was developed from the Shenyang J-6 (MiG-19 Farmer copy) fighter. The Q-5 inherited the wing and tail of the J-6, but has a redesigned fuselage featuring a solid nose with lateral air intakes. The increased airframe weight and modified profile have resulted in the Q-5 being less manoeuvrable. The Q-5 is 1,360kg heavier than the J-6 and its maximum speed is 0.23 Mach slower. The Q-5 is also inferior to the J-6 in maximum climb rate and service ceiling, and requires longer runway for take-off and landing. Additionally, in order to give room for additional avionics and armaments, the internal fuel capacity had to be reduced, resulting in a shorter combat radius.
The Q-5 has a downward-sloping profile nose that provides the pilot with better visibility. The wings are mid-mounted, sharply swept-back, and tapered. The tails are also swept-back and tapered. Early variants of the Q-5 has a fuselage weapon bay but this was removed on the later variant to accommodate more fuel in internal tanks. Two Wopen-6 turbojet engines are mounted side-by-side in rear of the fuselage with two hydraulically actuated nozzles. The semicircular lateral air intakes have small splitter plates. The cockpit and internal tanks have armour protections. The cockpit is fitted with a 3-piece windscreen and a rear-hinged canopy.
The Q-5 is equipped with the radio compass, radio altimeter, beacon receiver, and optical firing/bomb sight. The aircraft is equipped with a low-speed ejection seat identical to that of the J-6/MiG-19, which can operate at speeds between 250~850km/h. The aircraft is powered by two WP-6 turbojet engines, each rated at 25.5kN (2,600kg, 5,733lb) dry and 31.87kN (3250kg, 7,165lb) with afterburning. The aircraft can fly at near sonic speeds when carrying 1,000kg weapon load in its internal weapon bay without external payloads. When carrying a pair of 760 external fuel tanks, the aircraft can only fly at subsonic speeds. The Q-5 usually adopts a “lo-lo-lo” flight profile, which gives a maximum combat radius of 400km, or 600km when using a “lo-lo-hi” profile. The flight manual of the Q-5 also instructs that the flight speed should not exceed 0.98 Mach when flying at low altitudes.