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Signed article exposes autocratic nature of Dalai clique's theocracy
BEIJING, Dec. 12， 2008 -- A signed article by Yi Duo on Friday provided an insight into the autocratic nature of the Dalai Lama's theocratic rule.
The article said the Dalai clique had been using every opportunity to talk its democratic achievements for years, while some Western forces have also been trying to portrait Dalai as the symbol of democracy.
The article said anyone who knows the Dalai clique would be able to tell that it is an autocratic theocracy that is any thing but democracy.
The article said, the Dalai clique had tried to lay a legal basis for its rule. Although it borrowed such concepts as "separation of executive, legislative and judicial powers" from the West, it is still a theocratic system with the Dalai Lama acting as both the head of the government and the religious leader-- a system continued down from the old Tibet.
The article cited a 1963 document and a 1991 charter introduced by the Tibetan separatists as examples.
In the 1963 document on Tibet's political system and constitution, the group stated that major powers of the Tibet government would be in the charge of the Dalai Lama.
In 1991, the group adopted the Charter of Tibetans in-Exile, where the 3rd article stipulated that Tibetan political system would be an integration of politics and religion, and articles 19, 29, 30, 55, 97 and 101 outlined the powers of the Dalai Lama.
Yi's article charged that such detailed and systematic stipulations laid a "solid legal basis" for the Dalai Lama to arrogate all powers to himself and questioned the democracy of such stipulations.
In 1993, the Tebetan government published a document supporting theocratic rule that said the old Tibet was not as "cruel and dark as claimed by China."
On Nov. 26, 2000, the Dalai Lama at a seminar in Dharamsala in India claimed that theocracy had a broad meaning and future Tibet would benefit from the implementation of a theocratic system. He claimed that Western countries, like the United States, were also run by a theocratic system.
In November, the Tibetan separatists held a special meeting on Tibet's future amid intensifying internal conflicts. The first of five decisions of the meeting called for the Dalai Lama's continued leadership of Tibet's political and religious cause. The second called for "all Tibetans" to respect and support any decisions made by the Dalai Lama at anytime. The decisions further ensured the "legal validity" of his continued powers.
The article said the Dalai clique is a theocratic regime run by prominent monks. Political favoritism and nepotism is widespread.
The "Tibetan government-in-exile"’s Chief Kalon (premier minister) Samdhong Rinpoche and one of the Kalons (ministers) Tsering Phuntsok were monks.
Another Kalon, Thupten Lungrig graduated from the "Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies", a Buddhist school in Varanasi of north India's Uttar Pradesh.
One of the Dalai Lama's private representatives and also a former Kalon, Lodi Gyari is a living Buddha as well.
According to their election rules, ten of the 43 members of the Tibetan Parliament-in-exile must come from different sects of the Tibetan Buddhism.
The article said the Dalai clique still represented the interests of remnant forces of the feudal serfowners in old Tibet.
All the brothers and sisters of the Dalai Lama served in high positions in the Dalai clique.
His late eldest brother Taktser Rinpoche used to lead the New York and Japan offices of "Tibetan government-in-exile". His wife and three children are now living in the United States.
Dalai's second eldest brother Gyalo Thondup, the second most powerful person in the Dalai clique, had held the post of Chief Kalon for several times. Gyalo Thondup owned houses in Delhi, Kalimpong and Darjeeling of northeast India as well as Hong Kong.
His third elder brother Lobsang Samten had long taken the post of Kalon in charge of health and head of Tibetan hospitals. His wife was also a secretary general in the "ministry of health".
His brother-in-law Phuntsok Tashi Takla, husband of his eldest sister Tsering Dolma, had been the Kalon of "the ministries of the interior and security".
Dalai's younger sister Jetsun Pema was one of the founders of the "Tibetan Youth Congress" (TYC) and Kolan for several times while running the "Tibetan Children's Village" in Dharamsala of India for 46 years. A considerable part of foreign donation to the Dalai clique was handled through her in name of "Tibetan Children's Village".
Ngari Rinpoche, Dalai's youngest brother, was the second president of TYC. After serving in the Indo-Tibetan Border Police for five years, he has taken charge of the Dalai Lama's private office, the power center of the Dalai clique.
Ngari Rinpoche's wife Rinchen Khando Choegyal served as the president of "Tibetan Women's Association" for nine years till 1993 and then became the Kalon in charge of education for eight years, a powerful position to decide whether young Tibetans would be sent to college in Europe and North America.
And in today's Kashag (cabinet) of "Tibetan government-in-exile", two members are from the Dalai family, Tempa Tsering, Jetsun Pema's husband, and Kesang Yangkyi Takla, the second wife of Phuntsok Tashi Takla (Tsering Dolma had died in 1964).
Since the founding of the Tibetan government-in-exile, seven family members of the Dalai Lama had held the posts of Kalon and Chief Kalon, the article wrote. "The 14th Dalai Lama's family is much more powerful than the families of all the previous Dalai Lamas."
In addition, a number of powerful people in the Tibetan government-in-exile are from old Tibetan nobility or families of old tribal chiefs.
Yi's article claims that in order to secure its autocratic rule,the Dalai clique even resort to assassination and poisoning to persecute political and religious dissidents by.
In the 1970s, Gung-thang Tshul-khrims, one of the leaders of the Group 13, who failed to obey Dalai's orders, was killed. In the late 1990s, Kun-bde-gling Rinpoche was stabbed at his home. Two young Rinpoches, Chi-jang and Sun-po, received a death threat. All the cases were directly linked with the Dalai clique. Vjigs-med Tshe-ring, who once was one of the key members of the Dalai clique, testified that at least ten Tibetans, who disagreed with the Dalai Lama, had been assassinated.
In the 1990s, the Dalai Clique suddenly began attacking the Tibetan deity Dorje Shugden, who had been worshiped by Tibetan Buddhist for hundreds of years, calling it "a pro-Chinese demon."
On June 6, 1996, the Tibetan government-in-exile adopted a resolution to prohibit all staff with the Tibetan government-in-exile as well as all Tibetan communities, lamaseries and schools from worshiping the Dorje Shugden, saying that those who would not stop following the deity would be labeled as a public enemy of the Tibetan society.
Later, the "Tibetan Youth Congress" and "Tibetan Women's Congress" sent a large number staff to search Tibetan communities and lamaseries, and damaged statues of the Dorje Shugden and attacked its followers by smashing windows, burning houses and beating them. Many of the Dorje Shugden followers were forced to leave their homes and lamaseries, Yi's article states.
In the early 2007, some Dorje Shugden followers went to a court in India, to sue the Dalai Lama for political persecution. This year, the Dalai Lama met strong protests by Dorje Shugden followers, when he was visiting some foreign countries.
Yi's article said the Dalai Lama's demonstrations of democracy were done for show.
For instance, the Tibetans in exile were even allowed to set up a Tibetan Communist Party and run a number of unofficial newspapers, as part of the Dalai Lama's democratic test in the 1960s.
But once those organizations and newspapers hurt the interests of the old Tibetan aristocrats in exile, they received threats and were asked to shut down. As a result, the organizations and newspapers quickly disappeared.
In 1995, the fall edition of the group's magazine "Independence" carried a caricature on its front page entitled the "Current situation of the Tibetan democracy”, which satirized the democracy of the Dalai Lama.
In its editorial, the magazine said the supervisory departments and check-balance mechanism in the current governing system of the Tibetan government-in-exile have failed to work.
In May 2007, Tibetans in Dharamsala and local residents were involved in a fist fight, which strained Tibetan-Indian relations. The Palyul Web site run by the Dalai clique published a series of articles criticizing India's policies towards Tibetans, furthering straining the relations.
To ease pressure from India, the Dalai clique forced the Web site to remove these reports and relevant commentaries, while issuing a letter of apology to local media. The issue showcased the tight grip on media by the Dalai clique, which often played up its democratic achievements.
The article said though the Dalai Lama has prettify its theocratic autocracy under the pretext of democracy, the world has come to see the true nature of his rule.