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The Basques (In Spain, for the challenged)|
Political status and violence Since its articulation by Sabino Arana in the late nineteenth century, the more radical currents of Basque nationalism have demanded the right of self-determination and even independence. It should be noted that within the Basque country, that this element of Basque politics is often in balance with the conception of the Basque Country as just another part of the Spanish state, a view more commonly espoused on the right of the political spectrum. In contrast, the desire for greater autonomy and/or independence is particularly common among leftist Basque nationalists. The right of self-determination was asserted by the Basque Parliament in 2002 and 2006. Since self-determination is not recognized in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, a wide majority of Basques abstained and some even voted against it in the referendum of December 6 of that year. However, it was approved by clear majority at the Spanish level, and simple majority at Navarrese and Basque levels. The derived autonomous regimes for the (Western) Basque Country was approved in later referendum but the autonomy of Navarre (amejoramiento del fuero: "improvement of the charter") was never subject to referendum but just approved by the Navarrese Cortes (parliament).
There is much stated about the rights of people who have an ethnic culture (flag, money, language) to determine their own rights in the modern world and under the rules or laws of democracy to determine their own future.
In discussing Tibet a dual Western position is seen in the rights of the Basques to determine their own future.
We can do this also with Kurdistan which was promised its own statehood at the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1918 by the Brits and rescinded by the Brits who got the oil part.
No doubt there are others such as the North American Indian, the Canadian Indian, the Maori in New Zealand and the Aborigines in Australia, and many others such as Hawaii etc, etc, etc. How could anyone from these countries claim to know anything about Tibet, autonomy, independence and human rights ??
So many examples and yet!