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Cut and Paste Time Again
The Western campaign was no doubt the most prolific in massacres. Samarkand, for example, was a city of half a million inhabitants, with rich marketplaces, big libraries, magnificent palaces and an army of 100000 men. It was the cultural and political centre of the Eastern Muslim world. After the fall of the city, the outer walls were demolished. 50000 families were spared, as well as 30000 artists and handicraftsmen. Young men were taken for earthwork or sent to serve in the army. The rest was massacred. |
The Kangli mercenaries that formed an important part of the garrison thought that, because they were Turks, they would be treated as fellow-countrymen. They went to the Mongol camp with luggage and with their families. This was a miscalculation though, then Genghis Khan held betrayal in detestation. He had them all killed, then one can never trust traitors. Here is how the execution of the 30000 Kangli Turks was carried out. The men have to show unarmed and in close order (in rows) before the Khan to have their hairs cut so that they look like the other Mongols. The Turks do as they are told. Behind each of them stand a Mongol holding a razor. At a signal, all 30000 men lose a little more than their hairs, they have their head cut off!
At Signak, the entire population (200000 people) is put to the sword. The towns and villages that offer any resistance are taken and destroyed. When the inhabitants of Zaveh shout insults from the top of their high walls, Subutaï makes them pay for this verbal abuse by taking the city after a three days' assault. The whole population is massacred and they set fire to the remaining ruins.