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Cut and Paste Time Again
Mukhuli received the order from Genghis Khan to break the Chinese resistance that had begun to emerge. During the fall-winter 1215, he took more than 800 cities and villages; some of them destroyed, the others spared and left under indigenous leadership. Massacres and destruction of cities are justified in that case because a partisan war was on the verge of breaking out; it would have been a long, painful, tedious war of attrition against the Chinese masses. To prevent freedom fighters and guerrilla to hide in a forest, it is necessary to burn down that forest. To prevent them to hide in the midst of a population, it must be exterminated. |
This is the Mongol way of thinking: flawlessly logical, but perhaps slightly inhumane. These massacres are the more justified, then after the loss of 18 million dead (one third of the population), Northern China was still able to organize a new resistance, and even to mount a series of attacks. Its armies moved back into the provinces they had lost and started to defeat and drive back Mongol detachments and Chinese allied troops. They put garrisons back in all cities that had been conquered earlier by Mukhuli. <<If the extermination of one third of the population is insufficient in the case of China to break any resistance, maybe after one half has been killed, they will finally keep quiet. Otherwise, it will be necessary to kill 75%, 80%, even 90%>>. Those might have been the thoughts of the Mongols, facing unruly China.
When the heirs of Genghis Khan will complete the conquest of Northern China in 1234, the province of Honan will be ravaged and sucked to such an extent that even the Mongols will have to start eating human flesh to survive. Famine breaks out at Kai-Fong-Fu and Chinese start to kill each other and eat one another, but the spreading of the plague is really what breaks the city's last resistance. Although the poorest people are simply buried with their shirt on, the victims of this epidemic require no less than 900000 coffins. The last million survivors still in the city when it falls are spared because of the personal intervention of Yelu-Tchutsai.