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Speed Reading [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2008-11-26 09:57:07 |Display all floors
Speed Reading

This is a skill that can help u read all of your books in a very short time. It’s very useful but you must be careful when learning it, if you do it too fast you could become dyslexic or even lose your ability to read, it happened to Tom Cruise one time.

The first step in reading is called "subvocalization", when you 'subvocalize' you read each word one by one, as if reading aloud, and maybe even read aloud in your mind, just one word at a time. Every word on the paper.

If you want to learn to speed read the first step is to stop that 'subvocalizing' (stop reading every word one by one.)

"Eye-span" is the space your eye sees, how wide and far u can see and read while retaining at least 50% of the material, before you must blink to record the information. Eye-span is like a camera lens at open shutter, how much it can capture. the Blink ends the capture and records the information into your brain.  beginning speed readers have an eye span fo 2-3 words maybe, advanced speed readers have an eye span of 3 to 4 lines of text or more

Blinking is the time when your brain records what it just saw... blinking is very important in speed reading

Eye-span and blinking are the two most important factors to speed reading.

After you begin try to see more than one word at a time, maybe 2 or 3, a small part of a sentence maybe. After you have seen it (but not "subvocalized" every word), you should blink your eyes one time.

Practice capturing just a few words or key phrases between each time your blink your eyes. And later you should get faster and faster until u can capture one whole sentence between blinks.

Do it slowly, don’t try to force too much too soon. Studies have proven that capturing too much, or learning to speed read too fast could damage your brains reading ability.

The next rule in speed reading is to never re-read what you have already read, even if you feel u don’t remember it. Actually, everything you have ever seen, heard, felt, tasted, and smelled,  from the time you were born until today, is stored somewhere in your brain; if you remembered to blink then u should feel confident that it is stored in your memory.

It is proven that the faster a person reads, the more he or she comprehends what is written.

If you want to be a speed reader you need 2 things:

1. Lots of practice

2. A desire to read even faster.

Don’t go too fast, if you go too fast you will fall back to the beginning level and lose your ability to speed read

Reading Checklist

Now we're ready to start reading, here is the check list before you start to read:

1. be sure you are someplace very comfortable. A desk is not a good place to speed read, a sofa or a table is more comfortable.

2. Very good lightning, it should be quite bright, sunlight is good, or a directly under a lamp

3. Look over the 'table of contents' at the front of the book

4. Skim over the 'Index' in the back of the book if it has one (these two steps help u learn the philosophy and structure of the book, it greatly improves your comprehension)

5. Get an idea for the paper or story by only reading the first sentence of every paragraph, that contains most of the information and all the other sentences in the paragraph will be related to the first sentence. It gives you a good idea of where all the information is and you should get to understand most of the meaning of the chapter or book or paper or story.

6. Each kind of book or writing will be read at a different speed. A thesis on nano-electronics would be read slower than a romance novel. Average native speakers read 200 to 300 words per minute; a good speed reader should read more than 700 words per minute. In competitions people read more than 2000 words a minute with more than 50% comprehension

7. You do not need to read every word on the page, usually only words that are 4 to 5 letters long or longer need to be read.

Reading Methods:

1. Drag your hand. Put 3 or 4 fingers together and slowly move it down the page, as you finish reading each line. when you begin, 1 line of text might be read in 3 or 4 sections and need 3 or 4 blinks, as you slowly become more comfortable with going faster you can read a line or two or 4 with one blink and your hand would move down the page four lines at a time.

2. Use paper. fold a piece of paper to be as wide as the text you are reading and put it on top of the lines you have already read, so you don’t go back and re-read them, the paper can also be put under the words and used like the hand, but its not so good because the paper will cover up words on the next line and your eye needs to see them before you can move the paper down, so its better to use the paper to cover the lines as you finish reading them.

3. Sweep your hand. Put your fingers together and underline the line you are reading as you read it. Your hand lightly moves from left to right and goes down after each line. Use your middle finger under each word in the sentence as you scan it. It should move very quickly and never stop. so be sure your elbow is directly below the page you are reading.

4. Bounce your Fingers. In this technique you bounce your fingers two times on each line. First bounce is at the middle of the first half of the line and the second bounce is in the middle of the second half of the line, or about ever 1/3 of the line..  Only bounce two times and move down, your hand should be bouncing, not stopping, so it’s also quite fast.

5. Zig Zag. This technique is the fastest, you zigzag from left to right on the page going about 3 lines down in both directions. You are really just looking for the main points and main ideas with this technique, picking out important elements only.

**(as you approach the last few lines on each page you shoud put your finger under the page so that you are ready to turn it very quicky when you finish the page, so u dont interupt the flow of the sentence or its capture.)

All of the above techniques need to be practiced about 5 or 6 'reading sessions' each before they become very useful and natural to you.

The main point is that you should never go back and re-read what you have already finished reading, and that you should move at a speed you are comfortable with, NEVER too fast, and never word by word

Practice, Practice, Practice... and gradually try to push your self to read faster and faster, little by little... it takes time to be good at speed reading.

and if you cannot retain 50% of the basic information in the chapter you've just read, then you are going too fast.

So, good luck!

And remember, you can never do too much reading

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Post time 2008-11-27 07:36:48 |Display all floors

Reply #1 justbabygirl's post

Well speed reading does work if you just need the general body of a text, great when you are given a large amount of text and you want to determine if you want to study it properly, the problem is you do not by its very nature get a chance to think about it and one will not gain the full comprehension of reading properly, oddly slow reading and taking notes can be just as bad as it takes so long to get through the text one has forgotten what the beginning was about by the time one has approached the middle so one once again you cannot think about the texts real implications.
The trick is to speed through the waffle and get to the real body and slow down to a pace where one can digest the content in one 'mind full'.

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Post time 2008-11-28 14:49:57 |Display all floors
Originally posted by richardk at 2008-11-27 07:36
Well speed reading does work if you just need the general body of a text, great when you are given a large amount of text and you want to determine if you want to study it properly, the problem is  ...



no matter how slowly you read, you will not retain 100%

most people who read only retain 15 - 20% of the information

speed reading you can retain 50% or more

in deed, you cannot read at speeds where you're retaining less than 50%, that would be too fast for your level

that’s even more comprehension than reading slowly

people who have actually committed themselves to the methods of speed reading are, in essence, professional readers.

they have learned to review the table of contents and the look over the index or back cover

they have learned to look through the entire book before reading

they have learned to skim through each chapter before beginning to read it

they have learned how to hold the book and where to place their arms, and hands, how to sit, hand how to create the best environment for reading

they have learned to scan the pages 2 by two, briefly reading he first line of each paragraph

..................

now, just learning to do those things alone, regardless of your reading speed, will increase your comprehension up to where the professionals sit

---------------

however, reading slowly from that point, with your "mind" all deeply entailed is likely to decrease your comprehension

as you are losing the big picture

the key factor in speed reading successfully is to continually broaden your view of the book, expanding the scope of your comprehnsion out as far as possible

first you get the basic view in the table of contents, then you get a little more detailed information from the index

then you retain that view while looking over the chapters of the book, increasing your comprehension

then you retain all that information as you read the first line of every paragraph, maintaining the original comprehension and adding greater detail still

then you retain all of that as you read all words 4 or 5 letters in length or longer, to enhance what you have already read in the first sentence, which has enhanced the entire picture you are able to maintain from the beginning

and that is enough, at any speed..

to retain maximum information from what your eyes are seeing.. really, ultimate comprehension

you will loose all that when you slump down into the back of your brain and begin to read word for word.. pondering the wonder and glory of its meaning

because you don’t know its meaning. and must thus read every word in anticipation of its meaning

rather than defining the entire book in steps, as the speed reader does...

we don’t read every word..

we merely enhance our understanding of what is going to be read.. or about the material we are reading..

-------------------------

reading word by word is a comfort method, for those wishing to cuddle up and hide away from the world..

it is not increasing your comprehension..

though you may feel more special about it..

its like watching a movie you know nothing about

or watching  a movie that you have already read the book to, and read all the reviews, and seen all the previews, and heard the stories about it from your friends, know the history of it, and have even has seen the making of it.

the first way might be more funny and more better for your happiness and feeling..

but your comprehension is far less, even after having seen it, than the person who's known all about its background, making, and has even read the book

[ Last edited by justbabygirl at 2008-11-28 03:15 PM ]

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Post time 2008-11-28 15:00:34 |Display all floors
speed reading is a technique,

and the only thing "speedy" about it is that its faster than how you normally read, and faster than how you read last time, and will be slower than how you read in the future

the actual speed is, really, an individual thing

its more about the techniques and in the perfecting of the techniques

perfecting the hand styles,

gradually, bit by bit, broadening the eye-span, extending the read time before 'blinks' which are something that wll eventually happen naturally and unoticeably

all that, step by step.. is the process commonly referred to as "speed reading"

but your speed reading may well be slower than my reading word for word

but it doesnt matter..

its the techniques your are learning and the process you are untertaking in order to become a professional reader

[ Last edited by justbabygirl at 2008-11-28 03:03 PM ]

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Post time 2008-12-4 07:45:28 |Display all floors

Reply #4 justbabygirl's post

I think what you have written sounds like the text written used to sell people speed reading books, the whole point of reading is comprehension, you read the material and it shapes the way you think about things - remembering a percentage has little to do with it, understanding an compiling this into ones existing thoughts is the objective.
I have a friend of mine Colin who is a professional proof reader, he is fairly quick and able to read for ages, if you have written a book and made a mistake he will find it, however he does not worry about the meaning of the content as he does not study the material - he cares about the grammar and layout only.
The only tip I was given for speed reading which I thought was of any use was to look at the word, understand its meaning but don't read it aloud in your mind otherwise the speed of your reading will not be much faster than your spoken word.

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