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sleeper with couchettes [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2008-5-1 04:44:19 |Display all floors
正在看http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/lan ... ontent_583853_2.htm, 里面有个 :双层卧铺车 sleeper with couchettes

金山词霸也是这么翻的。但我不太明白怎么翻出来“双层”的。查了一下《朗文当代高级英语辞典》,没有sleeper with couchettes这个完整的term, 只有分开各单词的释义。

sleeper ----- a train with carriages that have beds for passengers to sleep in, or a bed on this kind of train. [火车的]卧铺车厢;[火车上的]卧铺

couchette---- 1、a narrow bed that folds down from the wall in train.[火车上的]可折叠式卧铺
            2、a comfortable seat on a night boat or train . [夜航船只、火车的]软座

这样看来,sleeper所指的bed比couchette要舒服,因为sleeper是完全用来睡的,而sleeper with couchettes 应该就是折叠的坐卧两用的bed,舒适度介于软座和卧铺之间的感觉。

然后google了一下sleeper with couchettes,貌似除了中国的英语学习网上大都收录了这个term, 别的外国网站都是sleeper和couchettes分开的。

又查了一下http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/couchette

给出的其中一项释义如下:

n.   
A compartment on a European passenger train equipped with four to six berths for sleeping.
A sleeping berth in one of these compartments.

讲到是欧洲列车车厢,一个包厢里有4-6张卧铺。
这岂不是很像咱中国的软卧(一个包厢里4个铺)

如果按照“折叠卧铺”的释义,那么中国的火车对应不上这样的描述。
似乎取软卧来翻译,前面朗文词典又提到了软座。

可是软座和软卧级别可差远了,完全两回事。

又查了http://studenttravel.about.com/o ... eurial_overnigh.htm

上面说:

What's a sleeper on a night train?
Each passenger in a Europe train sleeper -- a sleeping compartment in a night train -- has his/her own seat/berth which fully reclines with a pillow and sheets and blanket. And his/her means sleepers aren't seperated by gender; you'll be sharing the compartment with both sexes, so keep your daytime duds on. A curtain can be drawn across the locking compartment door to the train hallway. Bathrooms are at the end of the car; Europe train bathrooms are pretty much like airplane bathrooms -- small, but have what you need.

Couchettes are the cheapest way to go on a night train and can generally sleep up to six -- couchettes on night trains are usually like a rolling hostel, as most passengers in a couchette will be budget travelers and backpackers. (Complaints about night trains involve always seem to involve noisy night owl students, who always seem to be outside the complainant's door.)

You can also buy a sleeper compartment that sleeps two -- a double -- or a sleeper compartment for one -- singles are very expensive, and not all night trains even offer singles. If you really want your own room on a night train, you may have to buy an entire double sleeper.

看起来这里介绍的couchettes像硬卧,sleeper像软卧。

我狂晕,到处给的解释都不一样。而且我怎么觉得sleeper with couchettes是中国这边哪个专家生造出来的词吧?

大家觉得呢?

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