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The reform of Tibetan society would be decided after consultation with Tibetan leaders. Regional autonomy for minority people would be instituted in Tibet autonomus region. The Dalai Lama and Panchen Erdeni separately telegraphed their acceptance of the 17-Article Agreement to Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Central People's Government, resolutely upholding the unity of the motherland's sovereignty.|
Other Tibetans, monastic and secular, and local Tibetan leaders expressed their firm support as well. This date marks a new page in Tibetan history. In 1954 the Tenzin Gyatso and the Panchen came to Beijing to participate in the first session of the First National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China. During this conference, the Dalai Lama was elected as Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, and Panchen Erdeni, member of the NPC Standing Committee.
In 1956, the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region was founded with the Dalai Lama as its chairman.
In March 1959, the majority of the kaloons in the Tibetan local government joined with the reactionary clique of the upper social strata launched a comprehensive armed rebellion with the aim of splitting the country, preserving the slavery and opposing democratic reform. The Central People's Government ordered the PLA in Tibet rerolutely to quell the rebellion.
On March 28 of the same year, Zhou Enlai, Premier of the State Council of the Central People's Government, released an order dissolving the Tibetan local government, and declaring that the functions and authority of the Tibetan local government would be vested in the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region.
At this same time, the Central People's Government, responding to the will of the Tibetan people, implemented democratic reform and abolished the slavery in Tibet. As a result, the million serfs and slaves in Tibet stood up and came into their own, instead of being treated as the private property of serf-owners that could be traded, transferred or used to pay off a debt in kind or by labour. After a few years of steady development, the Tibet Autonomous Region was formally founded in September 1965.