Author: aiping

橘子,橙子用英文怎么区分? [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 6Rank: 6

Post time 2009-5-3 22:00:40 |Display all floors
看得我流口水。
--这句咋翻译?:)

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 1

Post time 2009-5-9 14:31:36 |Display all floors
My mouth is watering

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 1

Post time 2009-5-26 16:34:53 |Display all floors
Originally posted by lollypopcorn at 2009-4-28 15:22
柑:mandarine
桔:tangerine
橙:orange
柚:grapefruit


thanks a lot, I think they are all citrus fruits(柑橘类的水果)

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 1

Post time 2009-6-22 08:36:54 |Display all floors
Originally posted by lisa_007 at 2008-1-7 12:57

我还以为mandarin words是京腔的意思呢



官话说的就是京腔嘛

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 1

Post time 2009-10-9 15:32:56 |Display all floors

List of citrus fruits 柑桔类水果

柑桔分类太复杂了,等有空了慢慢补充完整
植物届 Kingdom: Plantae

被子植物门 Division: Magnoliophyta

双子叶植物纲 Class: Magnoliopsida

蔷薇亚纲 Subclass: Rosidae

无患子目 Order: Sapindales

芸香科 Family: Rutaceae

柑橘亚科 Subfamily: Aurantioideae

柑橘属 Tribe: Citreae

柑橘种 Genus: Citrus L.


The genus Citrus has been suggested to originate in Southeast Asia. Prior to human cultivation, it consisted of just a few species, namely:

来檬 Citrus aurantifolia – Key Lime, Omani Lime, from India
柚 Citrus maxima – Pomelo (pummelo, shaddock), from the Malay Archipelago
枸橼 Citrus medica – Citron, from India
宽皮柑橘 Citrus reticulata – Mandarin oranges, from China
枳壳 Citrus trifoliata – Trifoliate Orange, from Korea and adjacent China (often separated as Poncirus)
澳大利亚来檬 Australian limes
Citrus australasica – Finger Lime (sometimes separated in Microcitrus)
Citrus australis – Australian Round Lime (sometimes separated in Microcitrus)
Citrus glauca – Desert Lime (sometimes separated in Eremocitrus) and 3 other Microcitrus
金柑 Kumquats, 4-5 species from East Asia ranging into Southeast Asia (often separated as Fortunella)
Papedas, including
Citrus halimii – limau kadangsa, limau kedut kera, from Thailand and Malaya
Citrus indica – Indian Wild Orange, from India

杂交种和栽培种 Hybrids and cultivars

Sweetie or Oroblanco is a pomelo-grapefruit hybrid.
Etrog is an important ritual during the Jewish Sukkot festival, many varieties are used for this purpose (including the Yemenite pictured).
金钱桔,细皮小柑橘 Clementines (Citrus × clementina) have thinner skins than oranges.
温州蜜柑 Mikan (Citrus × unshiu), also known as satsumas.
甜橙 Sweet oranges (Citrus × sinensis) are used in many foods. Their ancestors were probably pomelos and mandarin oranges.
A batch of kaffir limes (Citrus × hystrix).
柠檬 Lemons (Citrus × limon), whole and in sections.Sorted by parentage. As each is the product of (at least) two parent species, they are listed multiple times.

Citrus maxima-based

甜夏Amanatsu, 夏蜜柑 natsumikan – Citrus × natsudaidai (C. maxima × unknown)
Cam sành (C. reticulata × C. × sinensis)
葡萄柚 Grapefruit – Citrus × paradisi (C. maxima × C. × sinensis)
Imperial Lemon (C. × limon × C. × paradisi)
Kinnow, Wilking (C. × nobilis × C. × deliciosa)
清见桔橙Kiyomi (C. sinensis × C. × unshiu)
Minneola Tangelo (C. reticulata × C. × paradisi)
Orangelo, Chironja (C. × paradisi × C. × sinensis)
Oroblanco, Sweetie (C. maxima × C. × paradisi)
甜橙 Sweet Orange – Citrus × sinensis (probably C. maxima × C. × reticulata)
橘柚 Tangelo – Citrus × tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima or C. × paradisi)
Tangor – Citrus × nobilis (C. reticulata × C. × sinensis)
Ugli (C. reticulata × C. maxima or C. × paradisi)

Citrus medica-based

佛手 Buddha's Hand – Citrus medica var. sarcodactylus
Citron varieties with sour pulp: Diamante citron, Florentine citron, Greek citron and Balady citron
Citron varieties with sweet pulp: Corsican citron and Moroccan citron.
Yemenite citron – a pulpless citron.
Fernandina – Citrus × limonimedica (probably C. medica × C. × limon)
Ponderosa Lemon (probably C. medica × C. × limon)

Citrus reticulata-based

Bergamot Orange – Citrus × aurantium ssp. bergamia or Citrus × bergamia
苦橙 Bitter Orange, Seville Orange – Citrus × aurantium
血橙 Blood Orange – Citrus × sinensis cultivars
Cam sành (C. reticulata × C. × sinensis)
Chinotto – Citrus × aurantium var. myrtifolia or Citrus × myrtifolia
ChungGyun – Citrus reticulata cultivar[verification needed]
Clementine – Citrus × clementina
Cleopatra Mandarin – Citrus × reshni
Dekopon – Citrus reticulata cv. 'Siranui' (ChungGyun × Ponkan)
代代 Daidai – Citrus × aurantium var. daidai or Citrus × daidai
葡萄柚 Grapefruit – Citrus × paradisi (C. maxima × C. × sinensis)
Hermandina – Citrus reticulata cv. 'Hermandina'
Imperial Lemon (C. × limon × C. × paradisi)
Kinnow, Wilking (C. × nobilis × C. × deliciosa)
Kiyomi (C. sinensis × C. × unshiu)
Mediterranean Mandarin, Willow Leaf – Citrus × deliciosa
Meyer Lemon, Valley Lemon – Citrus × meyeri (C. × limon × C. × paradisi or C. × sinensis)
Michal Mandarin – Citrus reticulata cv. 'Michal'
温州蜜柑 Mikan, Satsuma – Citrus × unshiu
Minneola Tangelo (C. reticulata × C. × paradisi)
Nova Mandarin, Clemenvilla
Orangelo, Chironja (C. × paradisi × C. × sinensis)
Oroblanco, Sweetie (C. maxima × C. × paradisi)
椪柑 Ponkan – Citrus reticulata cv. 'Ponkan'
Rangpur, Lemanderin, Mandarin Lime – Citrus × limonia (C. reticulata × C. × limon)
甜橙 Sweet Orange – Citrus × sinensis (probably C. maxima × C. × reticulata)
橘柚 Tangelo – Citrus × tangelo (C. reticulata × C. maxima or C. × paradisi)
红桔 Tangerine – Citrus × tangerina
Tangor – Citrus × nobilis (C. reticulata × C. × sinensis)
Ugli (C. reticulata × C. maxima or C. × paradisi)
Yuzu – Citrus × junos (C. reticulata × C. × ichangensis)

Unresolved

Alemow, Colo – Citrus × macrophylla
Djeruk limau – Citrus × amblycarpa
Gajanimma, Carabao Lime – Citrus × pennivesiculata
Ichang Lemon, Ichang Papeda – Citrus × ichangensis
Imperial Lemon (C. × limon × C. × paradisi)
Iyokan, anadomikan – Citrus × iyo
Kabosu – Citrus × sphaerocarpa
Kaffir Lime, makrut – Citrus × hystrix
Khasi Papeda – Citrus × latipes
柠檬 Lemon – Citrus × limon
Limetta, Sweet Lemon, Sweet Lime, mosambi – Citrus × limetta
Palestine Sweet Lime – Citrus × limettioides Tanaka
Persian lime, Tahiti Lime – Citrus × latifolia
Pompia ("Citrus mostruosa", a nomen nudum)
Rough Lemon – Citrus × jambhiri Lush.
Shekwasha, Hirami Lemon, Taiwan Tangerine – Citrus × depressa
Sudachi – Citrus × sudachi
Sunki, Suenkat – Citrus × sunki
Tachibana Orange – Citrus × tachibana (Mak.) Tanaka
Volkamer Lemon – Citrus × volkameriana


[ Last edited by GG78DD at 2009-12-2 01:42 AM ]

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 1

Post time 2009-10-9 17:24:43 |Display all floors
柑桔不仅是指柑和桔两类,在植物分类上指的是芸香科柑桔族中柑桔亚族的一群植物。它的主要特征是果实由合生心皮发育而成的浆果,每个心室(即果实中的囊瓣)含有特殊的汁胞。这种果实在植物学上称“柑果”。这类植物种类很多。共有13属,其中经济价值较大供果树栽培到用的有3属:即枳属、柑桔属、金柑属。

1、枳属:本属只有枳(也称枳壳、构桔)一个种,是落叶性灌木或小乔木。枝条多刺,叶为三出复叶,花芽为纯花芽,着生在去年生枝上,花大、腋生,果皮上被覆着细密短鬃毛,果味苦,不堪食用,但可供药用。枳的耐寒性极强,可作多种柑桔的砧木。枳很容易与其他柑桔类杂交,形成属间的杂交种。

2、金柑属:金柑为常绿性灌木或小乔木。叶小而厚,叶翼及时脉(侧脉)不明显,花小单生,一年开花3-4次,果小,圆形或即圆形,子房3-5室,果皮厚、肉质化,味甜可食,果肉略酸。该属有山金柑等6种。

3、柑桔属:该属是种类最多、分布最广、经济价值最高的一个大属,包括大部分栽培品种。

(1)大翼橙类:原产我国云南南部,乔木、翼叶大、与叶身等大或超出,花小,有花序,花丝分离,果中等大。如云南红河橙,马蜂橙等。

(2)宜昌橙类:小乔木或灌木。翼叶大,与大翼橙很相似,但花大,单花,花丝联成柬状。耐寒,分布在湖北、四川、云南、贵州等省山区。有宜昌橙、香橙、香圆三种。

(3)枸橼类:小乔木。叶柄几无翼叶或翼叶很小,花大,有花序,花瓣紫色,一年多次开花,果顶多有乳头状突起。这一类有枸橼、柠檬、黎檬、来檬四种,其中以柠檬经济价值最高。

(4)柚类:有普通柚和葡萄柚两种。普通柚树高大,花、叶、果都很大,嫩梢及幼果有短绒毛,种子单胚;葡萄柚树冠比柚小,嫩梢光滑,无短绒毛,一果实扁圆形、穗状着生,如葡萄状,故名葡萄柚,果实汁多味甜,种子多胚。

(5)橙类:有甜橙和酸橙两种。甜橙是我国主要栽培品种之一,也是世界上栽培最多的柑桔类。系乔木,树冠紧凑,花单生或花序,果实中等大,皮难剥,汁多味佳,香气浓。甜橙品种很多,根据其特征特性不同,可分为普通甜橙,脐橙(果顶有孔如脐,内有小果瓤囊露出)、血橙(果面红色,果肉赤红色或橙色而有赤红色斑条)、晚生橙(春季开花,次年夏季来收)等几种。酸橙也是乔木,花大甚香,其中有5-12%的花为雄花,这与甜橙不同,果近球形,果皮比甜橙厚些,汁多味酸,略带苦味,不堪入口,主要用作砧木。如构头橙、小红橙、代代等。
(6)宽皮柑桔类:本类因其果皮松宽易剥,囊瓣也易剥离,所以称宽皮柑桔。较抗寒。栽培地区较广,也是我国主要的栽培品种。其中又分柑和桔两类,形态非常近似,极易混淆。

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 4

Post time 2009-10-21 13:14:32 |Display all floors
My God!

Use magic tools Report

You can't reply post until you log in Log in | register

BACK TO THE TOP
Contact us:Tel: (86)010-84883548, Email: blog@chinadaily.com.cn
Blog announcement:| We reserve the right, and you authorize us, to use content, including words, photos and videos, which you provide to our blog
platform, for non-profit purposes on China Daily media, comprising newspaper, website, iPad and other social media accounts.