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拿铁的英语单词是什么? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2007-8-25 10:09:23 |Display all floors
拿铁的英语单词是什么???
COFFEE还有什么种类?

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Post time 2007-8-25 11:20:39 |Display all floors

FYI.

Latte源自意大利文,指牛奶。拿铁咖啡(cafe latte)便是由牛奶和咖啡调配而生,没有对苦味的亵渎,却注入纯粹的奶香。搅乱咖啡的枯燥,在流动的黑与白之间游走,凝结甜与苦的孤单。

咖啡的种类

Take a look at the different types of coffees that you can order in a Coffee House. Have you ever wondered what they actually were? Below is a list of the different types of coffees you can order at most Coffee Houses.

  Espresso

  The word "espresso" is ①derived from the Italian word for express since espresso is made for and served immediately to the customer. The espresso should drip out of the filter like warm honey, have a deep reddish-brown color, and a cream that ②makes up 10-30% of the beverage. Espresso brewing is defined by four "M's": the Macinazione is the correct grinding of a coffee blend, Miscela is the coffee blend, Macchina is the espresso machine, and Mano is the skilled hand of the barista. When each factor of the four M's is precisely controlled, the espresso beverage that is produced is the ultimate coffee experience.

  Of the many ways to prepare coffee, the espresso method is perhaps the epitome of true coffee creation. This system, which is a small wonder of chemistry and physics, allows the coffee to reach its maximum intensity of taste and consistency. With espresso, the ground coffee releases not only the soluble substances that provide flavor, but also the insoluble ones that increase its body and aroma.

  When we taste espresso coffee, we are at once struck by its concentrated flavor and aromas, which distinguish it from coffee made by other methods. Aroma and body are the two dimensions which add to the flavor of espresso coffee.

  看看咖啡馆里各种各样不同种类的咖啡吧。您有没有想过它们到底是什么样的?以下这份是大多数咖啡馆都会提供的咖啡种类清单。

  意大利浓咖啡

  “Espresso”这个词出自意大利语“快速”,因为意大利浓咖啡的制作及送到消费者手里的速度都相当快。意大利浓咖啡就像暖蜜似地从过滤器里缓缓滴落,深红棕色的,奶油含量达到10%至30%。意大利浓咖啡的酿造可以用4个M来定义:Macinazione代表一种正确的混合咖啡的研磨方法; Miscela是咖啡混合物; Macchina是制作意大利浓咖啡的机器; Mano代表煮咖啡的师傅的熟练技术手法。只有这四个M中的每一个要素都被精确地掌握,煮出的意大利浓咖啡才是最棒的。

  在制作咖啡的众多方法之中,或许只有意大利浓咖啡才可以表达真正的咖啡爱好者的最高要求。这种制作体系是化学和物理学上的一个小奇迹,它让咖啡在最大限度上保留了原有的味道和浓度。用这样的方法来煮咖啡,不仅能让咖啡释放出咖啡香中的可溶解物质,而且能分解其他不可溶物质,这些物质能增强咖啡的品质和香味。

  喝意大利浓咖啡时,只需尝一小口我们就会迅速被其浓郁的口味和香气所折服,这正是意大利浓咖啡与其他咖啡的不同之处。香味和浓度是衡量意大利浓咖啡是否好喝的两个尺度。

  drip /drip/ v.滴下

  brewing /`br6iM/ n.酿造

  grinding /`gr@ndiM/ n.研磨

  maximum /`m2ksim9m/ adj.最高的;最多的

  intensity /in`tensiti/ n.剧烈;强度

  consistency /k9n`sist9nsi/ n.连结;结合

  soluble /`s4lTbl/ adj.可溶的;可溶解的

  dimension /di`menH9n/ n.尺寸;尺度

  ①derive from 源自

  A: This word is derived from Latin.

   这个词出自拉丁语。

  B: No wonder it has such a strange form.

   怪不得它的形式这么奇怪。

  ②make up 组成

  A: Women make up only a small proportion of the prison population.

   女性在狱中的人数比例只占很小的一部分。

  B: Indeed. Men tend to be more violent.

   确实如此。男性更有暴力倾向。

Cappuccino

  Cappuccino is a shot of espresso with the remainder being 50% steamed milk and 50% milk foam/froth. An alternative description is 1/3 espresso, 1/3 steamed milk, 1/3 foamed milk. But again, this depends very much on the maker. Many places use more steamed milk and less froth. A man states “The foam should follow the milk to the cup naturally.”

But just the opposite is true in other places. As one man said “I just started working as a barista, here in Berkeley, about a month ago. When I was shown how to make Cappuccino's, I was told that a Cappuccino has no steamed milk - only foam. One day, an Italian gentleman ordered a cappuccino from me, and I hadn't let the foam sit long enough and a tiny bit of milk seeped into the shot of espresso. He asked for another cappuccino, saying I hadn't made it right, so I asked him how it was done. He made another one, and it was a jet black shot of espresso with more than just a dollop of foam on top.”

  Mocha

  Mocha was a port in Yemen - a major coffee-growing country located in southwest Asia at the southern tip of the Arabian peninsula - and it ③has NOTHING to do with chocolate!

  One source states "However, my dictionary lists Mocha as 'a flavoring obtained from a combined infusion of coffee and chocolate' usage as ④dating from the early 19th century "

  The American Heritage Dictionary gives the following 4 definitions:

  1. A rich, pungent Arabian coffee.

  2. Coffee of high quality.

  3. A flavoring made of coffee often mixed with chocolate.

  4. A dark olive brown colour.

  Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee

  Well-known coffees are characterized by the regions where they are grown. Climate and soil qualities can make subtle changes to the flavour of the resulting coffee. The tropical island of Jamaica has ideal conditions for

  卡布奇诺咖啡

  卡布奇诺咖啡是另一种浓咖啡,含有50%蒸牛奶和50%泡沫牛奶。也可以说含有1/3浓咖啡,1/3蒸牛奶和1/3泡沫牛奶。但是,这也得取决于制作咖啡的人。许多地方会使用更多蒸牛奶和更少泡沫。有人说“泡沫应该随着牛奶自然溶入杯中。”

  在另一些地方,相反的解释才是正确的。有人这么写道,“一个月前,我刚开始在伯克利咖啡馆工作。别人向我演示如何制作卡布奇诺咖啡时对我说卡布奇诺咖啡是没有蒸牛奶的,只有泡沫。一天,一位来自意大利的绅士要卡布奇诺咖啡时,我并没有加入很多泡沫,并且只加了很少的牛奶进入装有浓咖啡的小杯子里。他要我重新给他一杯卡布奇诺咖啡,说我这杯做得不对,所以我就问他怎么做才是正确的。他为我做了一杯,那是一杯十分浓黑的意大利浓咖啡,在它的顶部是一大团泡沫。”

  摩卡咖啡

  摩卡是也门的一个港口。也门位于西南亚,在阿拉伯半岛的南角,是主要的咖啡生产国。摩卡这个词与巧克力是没有一点关系的!

  有人这么写到,“在我的字典中有关摩卡的解释是,一种从咖啡和巧克力的混合物中提取的调味品,从19世纪早期开始使用。”

  美国传统字典给出了下面4种解释:

  1.浓郁且有刺激性的;

  2.一种高品质的咖啡;

  3.一种混合了巧克力咖啡饮品;

  4.一种深橄榄褐色。

  蓝山咖啡

  著名的咖啡都用出产地来描述其特征。气候和土质都最终会给咖啡口味带来细微的变化。牙买加的热带岛屿拥有种植咖啡的绝佳条件。岛屿的大部

  growing coffee. Much of the island is covered with mountainous regions, including the Blue Mountains which is the tallest range on the island. The Blue Mountains are a perfect blend of rich, hot climate, plenty of rainfall and high altitude. At nearly 7,500 feet above sea level, this is one of the highest coffee regions in the world.

  Coffee is not native to Jamaica. Beans were brought to the island in 1728 by the governor at that time. Blue Mountain coffee has a very clean taste, with a noticable sweetness. The flavour is bold, smooth and rich. Because of the rather restricted geographical range where it is grown, Blue Mountain is available in limited quantities and can sometimes be difficult to find.


Latte

  Espresso with steamed milk and in some shops, a small cap of foam. It has less foam than a cappuccino.


  Definitions blur easily here. In Australia, 'Latte' gets you a glass with a shot of espresso and lots of milk and some foam. Latte seems to have originated as the breakfast drink of Sydney commuters.

  分都被山地覆盖着,包括作为岛屿的最高地带的蓝山山区。蓝山山区是一块富饶的土地,那里炎热的气候、充足的降水和高海拔完美地结合在一起。在海拔将近7500英尺的地方是世界上咖啡出产量最高的地方。

  咖啡不是牙买加土生土长的。咖啡豆是于1728年被总督带到岛屿上的。蓝山咖啡有着非常纯正的口味,而且带着甜味。它的味道醇厚,顺滑,浓烈。因其生长的地理区域相当狭小,因此蓝山咖啡的产量也十分有限,有时甚至难以买到。

  拿铁咖啡

  这是一种含有蒸牛奶的浓咖啡,在一些咖啡店里,咖啡顶部会有少量泡沫。它比卡布奇诺咖啡的泡沫要少一些。

  关于拿铁咖啡的定义并不是太明确。在澳洲,若要喝“拿铁咖啡”,你会得到一杯装了许多牛奶和一些泡沫的浓咖啡。拿铁咖啡以前似乎是经常乘火车来来往往的人的早餐饮品。

  remainder /ri`meind9/ n.残余;剩余物

  steam /st1m/ v.蒸

  foam /f.m/ n.泡沫

  froth /fr4F/ n.泡沫

  seep /s1p/ v.渗出;渗漏

  peninsula /pi`ninsTl9/ n.半岛

  pungent /`p7n_9nt/ adj.(指气味、味道)刺激性的

  subtle /`s7tl/ adj. 微妙的;精细的

  bold /b.ld/ adj.味道醇厚浓烈的;辛辣的

  commuter /k9`m(t9/ n.经常(乘火车)往返者

  ③have nothing to do with sth. 与……无关

  A: As I've already told you several times, it has nothing to do with me.

   正如我已告诉过你很多次的,此事与我无关。

  B: How could you say that?

   你怎么能这么说呢?

  ④date from 起源于

  A: Do you know how old the church around the corner is?

   你知道街角的那座教堂有多少年历史了吗?

  B: It dates from the 13th century.

   它起源于13世纪。

Source from sohu.com
weibo.com/jonathanjian

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Post time 2007-9-1 13:14:49 |Display all floors
special saying

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Post time 2007-9-6 13:16:00 |Display all floors
Great ! Much more coffee information, both in English and Chinese

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