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Declassified US State department report on CIA role in Tibet
FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Questions Pertaining to Tibet
Status Report on Tibetan Operations
1. Summary--The CIA Tibetan program, parts of which were initiated in 1956 with the cognizance of the Committee, is based on U.S. Government commitments made to the Dalai Lama in 1951 and 1956. The program consists of political action, propaganda, paramilitary and intelligence operations, appropriately coordinated with and supported by [less than 1 line of source text not declassified]. This program was last reviewed and endorsed by the Committee on 20 February 1964. Current activities have been coordinated with and have the approval of [1 line of source text not declassified], Mr. William Bundy, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and Mr. Lucius Battle, Assistant Secretary of State for Near East and South Asian Affairs.
2. Program Objectives--In the political action and propaganda field, Tibetan program objectives are aimed toward lessening the influence and capabilities of the Chinese regime through support, among Tibetans and among foreign nations, of the concept of an autonomous Tibet under the leadership of the Dalai Lama; toward the creation of a capability for resistance against possible political developments inside Tibet; and the containment of Chinese Communist expansion--in pursuance of U.S. policy objectives stated initially in NSC 5913/1./2/ [6 lines of source text not declassified]
(2) The covert training program conducted in the U.S. under which some 250 Tibetans were trained, ended in November 1964.
(3) Twenty selected Tibetan junior officers studied at Cornell University, over a three year period. Due to the Katzenbach strictures, this program was concluded in July 1967; CIA is considering a continuation of the program, on a limited scale, [less than 1 line of source text not declassified].
(4) The Tibetan organizational party, the Cho Kha Sum, (i.e. the Defense of Religion by the Three Regions: Kham, Amdo and U-Tsang), which was established in India in April 1964 by Gyalo Thondup, now has an active press and publications arm. While the future potential of the party is still in question, the Tibetans are making an effort to mold it into an effective organization, aimed at halting a drift towards disunity among the refugees, developing a political consciousness and a political program with which to challenge the Communist efforts inside Tibet.
4. Significant Previous 303 Committee Approvals--
a. September 1958--initial endorsement of CIA covert support to Tibetan resistance;
b. 20 May 1959--initial approval of covert support to the Dalai Lama;
c. 14 February 1961--endorsed continuation of the covert program;
d. 13 December 1962--approved training of Tibetan guerrilla force;
e. 20 February 1964--reviewed and endorsed continuation of covert program;
f. 9 April 1965--approved relocation of Tibetan paramilitary force;
g. 8 July and 25 November 1966--endorsed the covert paramilitary program [1 line of source text not declassified].