Author: hooiluangoh

Is conscience something you are born with, or is it something you learn? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2006-8-18 08:55:32 |Display all floors
Do not take anything for granted, as the fact that the newborns must not have any consciousness about right or wrong and ugly or beauty. Do you think the existing wolf child can recognize the moral sense in human society?

With the original emptiness, the newborns' brains should be endowed and enlightened by circumstance of human being. what distinct any animal is that the brain of baby has an endless potential to be sparked and explored, and this potential capacity is proved just coming from descendiblity of mankind, which utterly complies with science.

So it is just a matter of idealistic to issue the conscience are born with.

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Post time 2006-8-18 09:50:09 |Display all floors
I think we are born with an innate desire to fit in with the group. To that end we internalize the beliefs, morals, values, and customs of the group to the point we see them as universal truths. True conscience I think exist, but it is more primal.

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Post time 2006-8-19 09:15:39 |Display all floors
Originally posted by hooiluangoh at 2006-8-16 22:29
My friend insists conscience is born with. He says one knows when something is right or wrong on the inside, that's why human know what love and kindness are by nature.

I, being somebody who lov ...


Excerpt from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conscience



Differing Views of Conscience

Views of conscience are not mutually exclusive, as can been seen by the quotes above, and by many other scholars. Although there is no generally accepted definition of what conscience is or what its role in ethical decision-making is, there are two main factors that determine which stance is adopted.
1)Secular views '(including the psychological, sociological, humanitarian and authoritarian views.)'
2)Religious views '(including the Divine Command Theory, the works of Newman, Aquinas, Butler, Bonhoeffer and so on)'.
3)philosophical views '(including Hegel's Philosophy of Mind)'

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Conscience is a moral faculty that leads to feelings of remorse when we do things that go against our moral precepts. Such feelings are not intellectually reached, though they may cause us to 'examine our conscience' and review those moral precepts, or perhaps resolve to avoid repeating the behaviour.

Commonly used metaphors refer to the "voice of conscience" or "voice within".

Modern day scientists in the fields of Ethology, Neuroscience and Evolutionary psychology seek to explain conscience as a function of the human brain that evolved to facilitate reciprocal altruism within societies. As such it could be instinctive (genetically determined) or learnt.

The psychologist Sigmund Freud regarded conscience as originating in the superego, which takes its cue from our parents during childhood. According to Freud, the consequence of not obeying our conscience is "guilt," which can be a factor in the development of neurosis.

Conscience can prompt different people in quite different directions, depending on their beliefs, suggesting that while the capacity for conscience is probably genetically determined, its subject matter is probably learnt, or imprinted, like language, as part of a culture. One person can feel a moral duty to go to war, another can feel a moral duty to avoid war under any circumstances.

Many churches consider following one's conscience to be as important as, or even more important than, obeying human authority. This can sometimes lead to moral quandaries. "Do I obey my church/military/political leader, or do I follow my own sense of right and wrong?" Most churches and religious groups hold the moral teachings of their sacred texts as the highest authority in any situation. This dilemma is akin to Antigone's defy of King Creon's order, appealing to the "unwritten law" and to a "longer allegiance to the dead than to the living"; it can also be compared to the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann, in which he claimed that he had followed Kantian philosophy by simply "doing his job" instead of entering a state of civil disobedience [1].

In popular culture, we often consider our conscience to be two entities, an angel and a devil, each taking one shoulder. The angel often stands on the right; the good side, and the devil on the left; the sinister side (left measured as bad luck in superstition). These Entities will then 'speak out' to you and try to influence you to make a good choice or bad choice depending on the situation.


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