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Post time 2006-6-4 21:47:28 |Display all floors
石化工业
Chapter 18      Petrochemical Industry

“十五”期间,石化工业虽然受到资源的严重约束、原油价格持续上涨的压力,仍然成为中国工业发展历史上增长速度最快、经济效益最好、技术进步最为明显的行业。2001-2005年的5年里,我国石化工业全面超额完成了“十五”计划的各项指标,2005年与2000年相比,石化工业的资产增长了48.9%,年均增长8.3%;销售收入增长151.6%,年均增长20.3%;利润增长187.2%,年均增长23.5%。与整个工业和国民经济发展相比,石化工业的增长速度和质量都是最高的行业之一。这一成就的取得当然是经济体制改革的直接结果,同时也应该承认,这是中国加入WTO以后,形成了产业开放的历史新格局所带来的好结果。但是,未来石化工业的发展面临着更加严峻的资源和环境的约束。原油价格居高不下进一步增大了石油化工的投资风险;环境保护的标准将更高更严也对石化工业提出了新挑战。此外,国际石化行业的技术进步在明显加快,国际市场的竞争更加激烈。未来石化工业的发展需要在科学发展观的指导下,从根本上转变产业的增长方式,通过高科技、园区化、规模化走集约型的炼化一体化道路,依靠科技进步,优化工艺流程,降低原材料消耗,提升产品品质,提高化工产业的国际竞争力。
During the “10th Five-Year Plan Period”, in spite of the grave restraints of resources and the great pressure of the continuous hike of the oil price, China’ s Petrochemical Industry remained the industry with the fastest growth rate, the most efficient economic returns and the most remarkable technological progress in China’s industrial development history. In the fiver years from 2001 to 2005, China’s Petrochemical Industry overfulfiled all the targets as set forth in the “10th Five-Year Program” on an all-round way. With 2005 compared with 2000, the Petrochemical Industry gained a 48.9% in terms of its assets with the annual growth rate of 8.3%;the sales income increased by 151.6% and the average annual growth rate reached 20.3%;the profit growth climbed up to 187.2% with the average annual growth rate of 23.5%。However, compared with the whole industry and the national economic development, Petrochemical Industry ranks as one of the industries in China which boast the fastest growth speed and the best quality. The outstanding achievement is obtained directly as a result of the economic restructuring. Meanwhile it should be acknowledged that it is the result owing to the new historical pattern of the industry openness brought about by China’s accession into WTO. However, the future development of the petrochemical industry will be challenged by severe restraints of resources and environment. Crude oil price keeps on a high position will further aggravate the risks in investment in the petrochemical industry and the more and more rigorous environment protection standards will pose new challenge tot the petrochemical industry. Besides, the technological advancement of the international petrochemical industry is noticeably accelerated, so the competition in the international market is growing fiercer. So the future development of the Petrochemical Industry shall be guided by the scientific development philosophy with a view to fundamentally transforming the industrial growth mode and take the road of the intensive integration of refineries and petrochemical plants, characterized by high technology, Development of the Zone Economy and scale-up development, positively rely on the scientific progress, optimize the technological process, lower the consumption of the raw materials, elevate the quality of the products and enhance the international competitiveness of the petrochemical industry.

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