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一份引起争议的译文,译者向众译友讨个清白!!! [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2006-4-29 06:13:34 |Display all floors
  背景:近日,本译员接到一份分量很重的经济论文(汉译英),我高度重视,共2000来字,我却用了6个小时处理。结果对方非常不满意,说:“整个译文糟糕透顶,译员连高中生的水平都不如,而且给我修改了整个稿件,耽误了我的宝贵时间”。还扬言要对。。。。
  我一听到这些,当机就把电脑摔得粉碎,好在还有一台备用电脑!
    
请译友如实的评价一下本译文,也好验证一下那个“经济学家”的说法!
五一节就要到了,我已经准备好了,要跳进黄河,洗个清白!!!!!!!!!!!!!
下面是整个对照译稿:

尊敬的         先生:
Dear honorable Mr.      ,  
您好!
It is really very nice for me to write to you!
我是一位年青的个人经济研究者,我们的经济研究较传统经济理论有较大的不同、创新和突破。其主要是研究和提前知晓经济本身内部主要的作用、状态和发展情况,而不是过重关注经济的一些表面化东西,或滞后的一些经济指标。该经济理论可以十分有用地应用到一国或世界的宏观经济把握和调控上,也可以十分有效地应用到对金融市场的把握和调控上。
I am just a young economic researcher, yet our economic research is rather distinct from the traditional economic theories because it is fraught with innovation and theoretical breakthroughs. It mainly focuses on and helps us to know in advance the role, state and development condition of the economy itself rather than some superficial stuff or some economic indicators that have long lagged behind. Our economic theory can not only widely be applied to help us to form a better understanding of or adjust and control the macro-economy of a certain country or even the whole world but also be effectively applied to help us to form a better understanding of or adjust and control the financial market.
写此文的目的是:一是2006年5月、6月是世界经济和美国经济一个十分重要的经济时期,此时的相关经济措施对未来很长一段时期内的经济走向会产生质的影响,近几个月的经济调控十分关键。能对宏观经济更加深入地认识,对下一步采取何种措施将会特别有益。二是对世界经济影响大的一些主要经济国、经济体,它们保持低通货膨胀和较高经济增长的平稳发展局面,将对世界经济的健康发展发生良好影响;三是为了世界经济更加健康、持续的发展,地球上的每一个人都愿意贡献出自己的微薄智慧,以希望能服务于人类;四是希望我们的经济研究结论能对您的经济决策有很好的、有效的协助。(用不了多久,实践将会证明其正确性、超前把握性的价值)
The purpose of writing to you lies in that, for one thing, May and June of 2006 is a very important economic period for the US economy and the world economy, during which some corresponding economic measures will exert a qualitative impact on economic trend for a much longer period of time to come, so the economic adjustment in recent few months will be significantly decisive. So a more profound understanding of the macro-economy will be particularly beneficial to any of the measures to be further taken. For another, some very influential economic powers and economies which have influence on the world economy still maintain the steady development momentum of low inflation and higher economic growth, which will exert a favorable effect on the healthy development of the world economy; for one more, it is our hope that the world economy will develop in a more healthy and sustainable way and every one of us on the earth can willingly devote what little intelligence to the economic development and can serve the human beings in a more effective way; fourth, hopefully our economic research conclusion will be contribute to your decisions in a better or more efficient way.(it won’t take long before the practice will prove the correctness and forward-looking perception of its value)
当前美国经济(世界经济也具备其中的主要特征)几点研究结论:
At present there are some research conclusions about the US economy (of course the world economy is also endowed with some of the main features):

[ Last edited by andrewyan at 2006-4-29 06:32 AM ]

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Post time 2006-4-29 06:15:10 |Display all floors
不妨把你的译文贴于此。

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Post time 2006-4-29 06:22:41 |Display all floors
1.        本轮世界经济的增长势头,在今年的5月以后需要有一个减速回落,这才是合理的、健康的,利于将来整体经济平稳发展的。如果从这一时期开始,经济不能减速回落,那么未来将面临较大的通货膨胀的压力。
1.    This round of growth trend of the world economy needs a slowing-down fallback after May this year, which will be rational and wholesome and be conducive to the steady development of the overall economy.  Suppose the economy can’t take a downward trend starting from this period, our economy will be confronted with tougher pressure of inflation in the future.
2.        美联储自2004年6月30日以来的连续加息,其对宏观经济的调控作用,在今年的6月有望产生一些明显的作用力。这一方面符合政府调控宏观经济时,其采取的措施需要与市场有一个共处、相互作用,然后才会逐步产生效果的过程性特征。另一方面,也暗示出,美国经济及世界经济本轮经济发展后所面临的通货膨胀考验是较大的。
2.    American Federal Reserve has raised interest rates on consecutive occasions since June 30, 2004, and the function of macroeconomic adjustment it plays is expected to produce some marked impact in June this year. So this aspect complies with the policy taken by the government to conduct macroeconomic adjustment, so only when the measures taken need to play a common and mutual role can they gradually produce effective and periodic features; on the other hand, it also suggests that the US economy and the world economy will be confronted with a sterner test of the inflation after this round of economic development.
3.        对于本轮经济增长而出现的通货膨胀压力问题,从经济内部作用期来说,2006年的5月、6月是一个最佳调控期,这两个月的宏观经济调控措施得当,就有望取得四两拔千斤,以巧取胜的效果。如果政策措施不得当,将会错失一个经济最优调控时间,而一旦错过这一市场内部最优的调控时机,那么自2004年6月30日以来的宏观经济调控措施将会大打折扣,通货膨胀的趋势压力将会较为明显地持续,这将会较大的浪费经济资源,降低资金和经济要素的效率,并给未来经济较大的震荡留下隐患。
3.  As for the problems of inflation pressure occurring from this round of economic growth, May and June of 2006 will be the optimal adjustment period from the point of view of the internal economic functions, because if the macroeconomic adjustment measures taken in the two months are appropriate, they are expected to produce the effect of a short support jack, which means small as it is, it can subtly produce immense power. However, if the policy measures are not well suited, it will miss the optimal economic adjustment period, then the macroeconomic measures taken from June 30, 2004 will be greatly discounted and the prevailing pressure of inflation will become more obviously sustained, which will waste the economic resources considerably and reduce the efficiency of capital and economic factors, thus leaving behind hidden troubles to the fluctuation of the economy.
4.        如果2006年5月、6月美联储的调控措施较前几次能略微有力和加重一些,那么本轮经济增长所带来的明显的通货膨胀压力有望逐步减弱,直至融化。如果今年5、6月的调控措施无力,那么通货膨胀的压力将会越显越大,在今年年底前都会难见效果,这种局面对未来经济的平稳、健康发展是极为不利的。
4.        Should the macroeconomic measures taken by American Federal Reserve be more forceful and vigorous than the previous measures, the remarkable inflation pressure incurred by this round of economic growth will be expectedly diminished until it is fully thawed in the end. If the measures taken during the period of May and June this year don’t product any positive effect, the inflation pressure will be tougher and tougher and it won’t produce any positive effect by the end of this year, so this situation will exert an extremely adverse impact on the smooth and healthy economic development in the future.

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Post time 2006-4-29 06:23:09 |Display all floors
建议:
Proposals are made for your reference as follows:
今年5月、6月联邦基金利率的提高最好比之前的每次25个基点略多一些,如28个基点、29个基点等,同时在语气上向市场给出美联储后续仍可能继续加息的暗示。这一方面可以充分利用和发挥市场自身的调节作用,另一方面可以增加人们的调控预期,从而利于通货膨胀的缓和。
It is highly suggested that interest rates for the federal funds be raised in May and June this years slightly a little higher than the previous 25 base points, say, 28 or 29 base points, etc., and at the same time a tone will be elevated to give a hint that American Federal Reserve is likely to pursue consequent interest adjustment. On the one hand, it can give a full scope to the market adjustment function, and on the other hand, it can increase people’s prediction for further adjustment, thus contributing to the modulation of the inflation pressure.
写此文,就是想让我们所能研究知道的经济内部的、部分真实事实让经济决策者知道,以服务于世界经济,而美国是世界经济发展的主要引擎之一。
The purpose of writing this article lies in rendering the economic decision makers aware of the inherent and partial genuine facts about economy which we have studied and know, so as to serve the world economy, and matter-of-factedly, America is one of the chief powerhouses fueling the development of the world economy.
我们仍在继续关注世界经济,包括美国经济的发展动向。如果对您或美联储能有所帮助,我们愿意及时提供后续的研究结果。
    We still pay more attention to the world economy, particularly the growth trend of American economy. If our research is to be of any help to you and American Federal Reserve, we are more than pleased to offer the consequent research results.  
附:一个新的经济研究结论:
Attachment: a new economic research conclusion:
关于中央银行制定货币政策时两种指导思想的新经济解释和实践应用:
As regards the new economic explanation and practical application of the two guiding principles for the formulation of the monetary policy by the central bank:  
一是目标价格水平政策(price-level targeting):它是随着经济价格走势情况来决定采取什么样的货币政策。我们通过研究得出结论,其优点是可以尽可能地发挥出经济自身的发展、调节潜力,减少与人为相反政策的冲突和对抗。该方式的关键点是:决策者需要有高超智慧、技巧和方法,知道什么时候将是威胁经济的价格上极限区和下极限区(其实这是有办法定位和分析出的),以便提前采取缓冲和调节经济的政策,从而防止经济过热和经济过冷。比如2006的第三季度,就将进入威胁经济持续、平稳发展的价格上极限区,不得不警惕。
Firstly, Price-level targeting. It means that the monetary policy shall be maneuvered depending on the economic price trends. We base our conclusion on the research and its advantage lies in that it can give full scope to the development and adjustment potential of the economy itself, thus reducing the conflict and confrontation caused by the opposite man-made policies. The kernel of this model requires that the decision makers need to have superb intelligence, skills and methods so that he or she knows exactly what time is the price upper limit region and lower price limit region that threatens economy (actually this is can be effectively oriented and analyzed) so that moderate policies can be taken in advance to cushion and adjust economy, thus preventing the economic phenomena of economic overheating and economic cooling. Take the third quarter of 2006 for instance; it will enter into the price upper limit region and lower price limit region that may threaten the sustainable and steady economic development.
第二种形式是目标通货膨胀政策(inflation targeting):它是设定一个通货膨胀目标,将经济控制在这个范围之内。其优点是比较稳妥、平缓。但缺点是会部分抵消掉经济自身更大发展动力和自我调节功能,使政府经济决策部门常常陷入与市场的不断调节和冲突中。比如,经济自身有3.5%的增长潜能,同时又可以保持通货膨胀率在2.3%左右,失业率在4.5%左右,如果此时刻意去执行1%-2%的通货膨胀目标政策,政府就不得不提前压制和调控经济的良好增长,造成政府与经济内部作用的对抗,从而会造成经济的浪费和损失、降低资金效率、减缓社会发展,造成一定的人为政策性破坏和浪费。但是我们通过研究发现,一个国家,一个地区或经济体,其每年或每2、3年等等在尽可能地保持和发挥经济发展自身动力的情况下,会有不同的通货膨胀率与之和谐搭配的,它是一个经济增长率、通货膨胀率和失业率的最完美结合值。这样一来,我们只要能定出来一年或两年、三年……等,符合经济自身强势发展的、和谐的、最有效率组合的通货膨胀率数值(这是可以有科学办法找到的),而不是执行一个机械的僵化的通货膨胀率目标值。这就可以将这种货币政策制定思想完美化,这既克服了该政策思想不符合动态经济自身要求的静态型的政策缺点,又发挥出了该种货币政策思想的优点!
Secondly, this model is the inflation targeting. It can set an inflation target and bring the economy under control within this scope with the advantages of comparative reliability and mildness. Yet its disadvantage lies in that it can partially offset the more development force and self-regulating function of the economy itself, and that it render the government economic decision making departments mired into the continuous adjustments and conflicts in the market. For example, the economy is endowed with an economic growth potential at 3.5% and at the same time, it maintains the inflation rate at 2.3%, and the unemployment rate at 4.5% or so. If we deliberately maintain the 1%-2% inflation targeting as a policy, the government will have to suppress and control the favorable economic growth trend in advance, thus playing the government off against the economic inherent function and causing economic waste and loss, reducing fund efficiency and slowing down the social development and bringing about the artificial policy-based damage and waste. However, through our careful observation and analysis, we find even though a certain country, a certain region or a certain economy endeavors to retain and push forward its economic development dynamic power as much as possible every year or every two or three years, there is always different inflation rate that will be harmoniously matched with it, which represents a perfect associated value integrated with economic growth rate, inflation rate and unemployment rate. In this way, we can only determine the values of the annual inflation rate for one year, two years, three years, etc., which complies with the powerful economic development in a most harmonious and effective way(which can be sought after by means of scientific approaches) rather than executing a mechanically rigid inflation target value. This can transfigure the ideology of the formulation of the monetary policy for it overcomes the static policy flaws as required by this policy ideology which doesn’t comply with the dynamic economy and also brings the advantages of this monetary policy ideology into full play.
好了,由于篇幅有限,就不多叙了,愿能对您和美联储的工作有帮助和启示,利于美国经济,世界经济的持续发展!
Well, so much for now. As space lacks for a detailed description, I just leave it at that. Hopefully it can offer some help or some food for thought to you and American Federal Reserve, thus it can be of some help to the American economy and the sustainable development of the world economy.  
(为了避免中英文的翻译和理解间的误差,随附中文原稿)
(Attached you will find the Chinese original version (for your reference) with a view to avoiding errors or misunderstanding in translating from Chinese into English).  


Best Regards
2006.4.25

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Post time 2006-4-29 06:25:54 |Display all floors
D

[ Last edited by clearwater at 2006-4-29 07:03 AM ]

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Post time 2006-4-29 07:20:06 |Display all floors
for your consideration:

我是一位年青的个人经济研究者
I am just a young economic researcher
>> since it is the type of letter-to-editor correspondence, the author needs to be more specific in identifying himself.
>> is "个人经济研究者" meant for an independent/unaffiliated researcher in economics?

我们的经济研究较传统经济理论有较大的不同、创新和突破。
yet our economic research is rather distinct from the traditional economic theories because it is fraught with innovation and theoretical breakthroughs.
>> fraught (loaded) with innovation and theoretical breakthroughs?
>> you may consider paraphrasing "有较大的不同、创新和突破" since it is quite chinese characterisitc.
>> eg, our approach is more aggressive than the conventional approaches based on traditional economic theories.

[ Last edited by nyleda at 2006-4-29 12:35 PM ]

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Post time 2006-4-29 07:24:26 |Display all floors

谢谢

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