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Cities to absorb 300 million farmers [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2006-4-1 19:49:21 |Display all floors
Cities to absorb 300 million farmers
By Jiang Zhuqing (China Daily)
Updated: 2006-03-21 06:22


Chinese cities and towns are expected to absorb about 300 million people from rural areas in 20 years if the urbanization drive maintains a growth of 1 per cent annually.

The massive migration of rural labourers will contribute greatly to the development of cities, Liu He, vice-minister of the Office of the Central Leading Group of Financial and Economic Affairs, said yesterday.

The urbanization rate currently stands at 1.4 per cent, which means that about 20 million farmers become urban residents each year.

Statistics from Liu's office indicate that nearly 40 per cent of farmers' annual per capita income last year, about 3,200 yuan (US$395), was earned in cities.

But China faces many problems in its urbanization drive, such as low wages and lack of social security for migrant labourers, Liu told the 2006 China Development Forum organized by the State Council Development and Research Centre.

To protect the rights of migrant workers, barriers such as the household registration system (or hukou) must be removed, suggested Justin Yifu Lin, an economics professor at Peking University.

Liu said China would adopt a step-by-step reform of its decades- old hukou system but suggested that the "green card" system practised in Shanghai and some other cities which enables long-term inhabitants to obtain urban hukou be adopted in more cities.

In 2003, about 110 million surplus labourers left the farming sector; and 61 per cent of the migrant workers, or 69.1 million, worked in cities, Liu said.

In Wuxi of East China's Jiangsu Province, for example, about 1.5 million of its 6 million population are from elsewhere. And 100,000-150,000 newcomers settle down in the city each year, he said.

The maximum population the city can accommodate is 8 million, Liu said. "It faces huge pressures on environment, resources, especially water, in the next 10 years."

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Post time 2006-4-1 20:56:38 |Display all floors

mmmmm,

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Post time 2006-4-1 21:19:45 |Display all floors
Is that outdated? I just think it is the topic which is worth commenting on...

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Post time 2006-4-1 21:54:51 |Display all floors
Education can change ones status in society. Farmers must ephasize their offspring on education while they are being absorbed into the cities.
((EyeOfStorm))
~All that which glitters is not gold~

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Post time 2006-4-3 11:47:59 |Display all floors

Reply #4 eyeofstorm's post

skills training will absorb unemployment faster.....
and for illiterate farmers, or barely literate farmer....apperenticeship is easier...
it is still education but not in the "traditional style" of classroom, theoritical information...

Green Dragon

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Post time 2006-4-3 13:03:48 |Display all floors

Reply #1 moira123's post

There should be creation of "simple jobs" and "odd jobs" where it is easy to absorbed these people.
What's on your mind now........ooooooooooooooo la la....Kind Regards

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Post time 2006-4-3 21:46:40 |Display all floors
Every wealthy modern nation has had to shift from a rural-based economy to an urban one in order to prosper. China is trying to make this transition - which involves a fifth of the world's population - in record time. The government handles this migration will determine whether these workers help create a middle-class society or just form a permanent underclass in a country that has already become sharply divided between rich and poor.

Technically, this is a "seasonal" migration, since most workers return home briefly, once or twice a year, to visit family and plant or harvest crops. But more migrants are moving permanently with their families as the urban transition rushes forward.  Now China's leaders face the job of providing migrants with legal protections, affordable housing, access to schooling and health care. These expensive building blocks are needed to create a real middle-class civil society. The government has started taking some small steps, but major changes will not come easily for a Communist Party rife with corruption and loath to open its political system.

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