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U.S. in Sudan Part 2
continued from above...|
In other words, the SPLA that we’ve been so keen on supporting, seemingly unconditionally, are no less of a devil than what we paint the Khartoum government to be. Of course, our support of the SPLA is not limited to official channels:
“A November 1999 Norwegian television documentary, entitled 'Weapons Smuggling in Sudan', has highlighted the role played by NPA in logistically and politically perpetuating the Sudanese civil war.(8) There had always been considerable speculation as to whether NPA was militarily involved with the SPLA. This documentary confirmed that the NPA has for several years organised an air-bridge for the supply of weapons to battle zones within Sudan. One of the NPA pilots involved in the gun running stated that on one occasion his plane had landed at SPLA bases with some 2.5 tonnes of weapons. It was stated that Norwegian People's Aid had flown between 80-100 tonnes of weapons into Sudan in aeroplanes supposedly carrying humanitarian assistance. Among the tonnes of weapons flown into Sudan were landmines. The documentary also placed on record other clear evidence of NPA military involvement with the SPLA. Norwegian People's Aid openly states that "[a] major contributor to our programme in Sudan, is the USAID".”(9)
(Data provided by Press Release/Commentary by ESPAC posted on October 25, 2002 at 12:48:09: EST (-5 GMT))
If China is guilty of supporting the brutal, sadistic, and tyrannical dictators of Khartoum as some have claimed, then the U.S. is guilty of supporting the brutal, sadistic, and tyrannical dictators of the SPLA. The Sudanese people suffer as the result due to the perpetuation of the civil war. The Europeans are hardly better, as the interests of EU are definitely tied to this oil rich region. Of course, the Europeans are more adroit at the ‘great game,’ since they have more practice at it. Instead of overt actions like those practiced by China and the U.S., they mainly channel their support through non-government organizations to BOTH sides of the conflict.
The following are some resources that can help those who are interest in further research. They encompass the entire political spectrum, so some of them are rather one sided in their approach, but they are good information nonetheless. Of course, this is for people who are genuinely concerned about the welfare of the Sudanese people and not just utilizing their suffering as an outlet to bash China.
2 "Carter Says Wrong Time for Mideast Talks", News Article by
Reuters, 24 April 2001.
3 "Carter, Others Say US Has Faltered in Africa", 'The Boston
Globe', 8 December 1999. For more details of American support to the
see "Ex-President Opposes Policy of Aiding Khartoum's Foes", The
Washington Times, 25 September 1997; "Sudan's American-aided
guerrillas", 'The Economist', 25 January 1997; "US flies in howitzers to subdue Sudan", 'Africa Analysis', No 290, 6
February 1998; "Albright Meets Sudan Rebels, Pledges US Support", News
Article by Reuters, 10 December 1997; "U.S. said to promise aid to
Sudanese rebel areas", News Article by Reuters, 2 June 1998.
4 See, for example, amongst many overtures: "Interview - Sudan
Wants to Bury Hatchet with US", News Article by Reuters, 20 May 1999;
"Sudan Wants Dialogue With US, Bashir Tells Envoy", News Article by
Reuters, 7 March 2000; "Sudan Wants Better Ties with US's Bush", News
Article by Agence France Presse, 2 February 2001 and "Sudan Welcomes
U.S. Peace Involvement but Urges Neutrality", News Article by Associated
Press, 28 May 2001.
5 See, for example, "U.S. House Backs Efforts to Aid Sudan", News
Article by Reuters, 13 June 2001; "Sudanese Rebels to Receive Dlrs 3
Million in Assistance", News Article by Associated Press, 25 May 2001,
and "U.S. Slates $3 Million for Sudan's Opposition", 'The Washington
Post', 25 May 2001.
6 Alex de Waal (Editor), 'Food and Power in Sudan', African
Rights, London, 1997, pp.5,7.
7 "Aid for Sudan Ending Up With SPLA: Relief Workers", News
Article by Agence France Presse, 21 July, 1998.
8 Vapensmuglerne I Sudan, 'Brennpunkt', NRK Television, Norway, 17
9 See, for example, the Norwegian People's Aid website at
10 Summary of World Broadcasts, BBC, 15 December 1997.
11 See, for example, "Annan Calls on Sudan's SPLM Leader to Sign
Ceasefire", News Article by Agence France Presse, 7 August 1999.
12 'Situation of Human Rights in the Sudan', UN Special Rapporteur
Gerhart Baum, United Nations General Assembly, New York, A/56/150, 7
13 "Sudan's Government Calls On International Community to Push for
Cease-Fire", News Article by Associated Press, 5 June 2001.
14 "Sudan: Peace Talks Continue While SPLA Claim New Victory", UN
Integrated Regional Information Network, Nairobi, 29 September 2000.
15 Bona Malwal, "Open Letter to John Garang from Bona Malwal",
'Sudan Democratic Gazette', May 2000.
16 "Humanitarian Organizations Oppose Plan Providing Food to
Sudanese Rebels", Press Release by InterAction, the American Council for
Voluntary International Action, Washington-DC, 30 November, 1999.
17 "Rights Group Warns US Against Feeding Sudan Rebels", News
Article by Reuters on 14 December, 1999.
18 "Misguided Relief to Sudan", Editorial, 'The New York Times', 6
19 John Prendergast, 'Crisis Response: Humanitarian Band-Aids in
Sudan and Somalia', Pluto Press, London, 1997, p.77.
20 Ibid, p.72.
21 "Seeking Friends in the West, Sudan Tempers its Islamic Zeal",
News Article by Associated Press, 13 July 2002.
23 House of Commons Hansard Written Answers, 18 October 2001.
24 The Speech of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human
Rights in the Sudan delivered to the Third Committee of the General
Assembly, 8 November 2001, New York.
25 'Situation of Human Rights in the Sudan', UN Special Rapporteur
Gerhart Baum, United Nations General Assembly, New York, A/56/150, 7
26 "Christians Face Difficulties in Arab Khartoum", 'The New York
Times', 5 April 1998.
27 See, "Sudan offers South secession", News Article by BBC, 22
February 1999; "Southern secession better than more war: Sudan's
President", News Article by Agence France Presse, 22 February 1999;
"Sudan Says Happy for South to Secede", News Article by Reuters, 7 May
28 "Khartoum Urges Rebels to 'Stop Fighting and Talk'", News
Article by Agence France Presse 5 June 2001
29 See, "Referendum agreed at Sudan peace talks", News Article by
BBC World on 7 May 1998, and "SPLA plays down deal on Referendum in
southern Sudan", News Article by BBC, 7 May 1998.
30 See, "Sudanese government declares ceasefire", News Article by
BBC World, 5 August 1999; "Sudanese government declares comprehensive
ceasefire", News Article by Associated Press, 5 August 1999; "Sudan
Government to Observe Ceasefire Despite SPLA Rejection", News Article by
Agence France Presse, 7 August 1999;"EU Welcomes Cease-Fire in Sudan",
News Article by Xinhua, 20 August 1999; "Annan welcomes ceasefire", News
Article by UN Integrated Regional Information Network, 11 August 1999;
"Annan hails Sudan cease-fire allowing aid to flow", News Article by
Reuters, 6 August 1999; "Annan calls on Sudan's SPLM leader to sign
ceasefire", News Article by Agence France Presse, 7 August 1999;
"Sudanese rebels reject peace plan", News Article by BBC World, 30
August 1999; "Sudanese Rebels Reject Government Cease-Fire", News
Article by Reuters, 5 August 1999.
31 See, for example, "Sudan's Government in Favour of Ceasefire in
18-year Civil War", News Article by Agence France Presse, 22 April 2001
and "Government "Ready for a Ceasefire", News Article by United Nations
Integrated Regional Information Network, 15 May 2001.
32 "Sudan Backs Combination of Arab and African Peace Drives", News
Article by Agence France Presse, 24 October 1999.
33 See, for example, "Sudan calls for Western Pressure on southern
Rebels to Accept Ceasefire", News Article by Agence France Presse, 26
April 2000; 'US Catholic Clerics Urged to Pressurise Garang into
Accepting Cease-Fire', News Article by Sudan News Agency, 27 March 2001;
"Britain Can Pressurize Rebels to Realize Cease-Fire, Sudanese
Diplomat", News Article by SUNA, 26 February 2001; "Sudanese Government
Welcomes Carter's Initiative to End the War in southern Sudan", News
Article by ArabicNews.com, 26 April 2001.
34 See, "Sudanese Rebels Reject Peace Plan", News Article by BBC
News Online Network, 30 August 1999; "Sudanese Rebels Snub Libyan-
Egyptian Mediation Effort", News Article by Agence France Presse, 30
August 1999; "Sudanese Rebel Leader Supports Peace Plan: Egypt", News
Article by Agence France Presse, 31 August 1999; and "Sudanese Rebels
Say They Can't Commit to Egyptian-Libyan Peace Drive", News Article by
Agence France Presse, 14 May 2001; "Sudanese Rebels Reject
Reconciliation Accord", News Article by Associated Press, 29 November
35 "Interview - Sudan Says US Harming Peace Prospects", News
Article by Reuters, 25 October 1999.
38 "Expelled Aid Agencies Say Million at Risk in Sudan", News
Article by Reuters on 1 March 2000.
39 "European Commission Statement on Southern Sudan", Statement by
European Union, 29 February 2000.
[ Last edited by observer3 at 2005-12-18 08:23 AM ]