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USE ALL TYPES OF TECHNIQUES, ESPECIALLY PRONOUNCIATION
Pronounciation, spelling and timing are essential to using English properly. For people like the Chinese and Africans who speak 'tonal' languages, it is good to remember English is mono-tonal (basically one tone) EXCEPT FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN ENGLISH WHICH MAKES USE OF THE 'TONAL' CHARACTERISTICS FOUND IN AFRICAN AND CHINESE LANGUAGES.|
One reason why some English songs are difficult for people who speak tonal languages is because when translating, or singing English-language songs, the 'tonal' characteristics have to be taken into account.
How does one 'translate' the word ''babe' from English to KiKongo (spoken in Zaire) or Chinese, when the word 'babe' can mean ten different things in 'KiKongo' based on how the tone is applied. In like manner, the word for 'babe' may mean different things in Chinese based on the tone of the word.
The other problem with learning English for some is that English being composed of many different languages may seem confusing to some people because one will find at least four different words for one thing.
For example, it is possible to find the word for, say a word like 'hand' in the languages Anglo-Saxon (Germanic), French, Latin, Greek, Viking/Norman (the ancestors of many Northern England people), Gaelic and others.
The word 'hand' is probably Old Anglo-saxon
The word 'le main' is French.
The word 'manual' (by hand) is Latin. We don't say 'handual'
The word 'mammery' is commonly thought to be Old English, but may be Latin.
But 'mamography' may be a combination of English and Greek, 'graphy' being from Greek.
The word 'paper' is considered to be English.
However on closer look, it is an African word from the Afro-Asiatic (ancient Egyptian language) where 'paper' comes from 'papyru.'
The Greeks (who were colonized by Egypt- before 2000 BC) and who themselves colonized Egypt about 300 BC, may have taken the Egyptian word 'papyru' and turned it to 'papyrus' while the French turned it into 'papier' and the Spanish, "papel,' while the English said 'paper.'
In like manner, a word that was used to name 'God' in ancient Egyptian is not considered an insulting term by Black people.
The word is 'N-G-R' (no vowels in ancient Egyptian.
That word is pronounced 'net-ger' which means "God,' THE TERM USED BY THE EGYPTIANS TO CALL THEIR KINGS AND THE 'NATURAL' FORCE.
Note that 'nature' and 'nurture' also comes from the original Egyptian 'net-ger.'
However, the Romans began using the word 'N-G-R' to mean 'Black' hence, they began calling Africans and Blacks living in rome 'Niger.' Hence, Septimus Niger would mean, "Septimus the Negro.'
The Romans conquered Europe (did not influence greately the languages of Northern Europe) and the terms 'Nero' - Italian, Negre - French, Negro - Spanish became the local version of the once 'SACRED WORD.'
The English who used to call Blacks 'Black-a-Moors, Moors or 'Ethiopians' (coming from 'Ethiops' the word for 'burnt face' in Greek), began to use the Spanish term "Negro.'
The slavemasters and colonialists in their attempt to degrade Blacks associated the term 'Nig...' with the worse form of human degredation, slavery, inferiority, oppression and turned the once MOST SACRED NAME IN THE EGYPTIAN LANGUAGE TO THE MOST INSULTING NAME IN ENGLISH.
In fact in the Manding-Kushi language family, SPREAD FROM SENEGAL TO THE SOUTH PACIFIC, the prefix 'Ni' means 'holy' or 'sacred' in this African language family and is applied to names of people, places, dieties, nations.
Hence words like:
N-G-R - Egyptian for 'God'
Net-ger - Ancient Egyptian, Afro-Asiatic language family (nature) God, Sacred
Net-yer (God, Sacred)
Nkosi - Zulu and Xhosa for 'God'
Negashi - Amharic (Ethiopia) for King
Negus - Ahmaric (Ethiopia) for Emperor
Naga - African, East Indian for 'original' as in 'Nagaloka' or 'Ouid ben Naga," or 'Naga' tribes. The term Naga was originally used in Sudan/Nubia to refer to Africans there. Today it is also used to refer to Black Indo-Negroid and Mongol Jat tribal people in India.
Ngola - Emperor, King. The country name "Angola' means "The King.'
Nya Bingi - A Rastafari term meaning 'High Priest' or High Order. Nyabingi is one of the many Rastafari Orders in Jamaica, the others are 'Twelve Tribes,' 'BoShanti'
Nugarmarta - The term used by West Africans of ancient Ghana, Mali and Nok-Wagadu (Ghana culture region 3000 BC to 1400's AD - Most of West Africa, that culture also spread to Mexico and the Southern US in prehistoric times, see http://community.webtv.net/pabarton 'OLMECS' )
Niger - Roman for 'Black/African' The Romans 'latinized' the term 'Net-ger' after hearing it used as the term for the Nubian Kings., However, when the Romans tried to invade Nubia-Kush (Sudan), it was ruled by a line of women Pharoahs called 'Ka-anda'kes' or 'Candaces."
Nero - Italian for 'Black'
Negre - French for Black
Negro - Spanish for Black
The 'N' word - The British slavemasters in their attempt to dehumanize darkskinned people (including those of India, South Pacific, Australia, the Americas, Europe, Africa, Melanesia, SE Asia) used the term as a means of insulting.
Unfortunately, since using this word 'N...' as an insulting term, WHEN IT WAS AND STILL IS A SACRED TERM ( IN RELIGIONS LIKE 'VADU' 'SHANGO' 'ORISHA' USED IN REFERENCE TO PRAYERS), then the British have actually been committing a henious crime against God by insulting his sacred term.
Believe it or not, the term 'Ned jw' is referred to as 'THE SACRED EPITHET' by the ancient Egyptians. IT MEANS, 'THE NEGROES.'
(See for reference, "Egypt Revisited,' by Ivan Van Sertima also see "Susu Economics," at AuthorHouse.com ) For quick references go to http://www.cwo.com/~lucumi/runoko.html and 'MICHAEL JACKSON FOUND NOT.... and check the essay, 'THE HISTORY OF THE 'N' WORD, http://community.webtv.net/paulnubiaempire
In conclusion, we must be aware that in all languages words are used for insulting people. Therefore, those of us who are studying English and learning it SHOULD BE AWARE.
FROM POSITIVE TO NEGATIVE
Now those who are eager to learn ENGLISH must realize that English has been RACIALIZED to make the names and terms of many people sound very insulting.
Here they are:
'Yellow Belly' meaning 'coward.'
Black (add any word) meaning negative (negative) itself is negative and insulting since 'neg' is considered a sacred word in African religions and in Ancient Egypt. Yet, the English language has degraded it.
Paddy Wagon; An insulting term 'Paddy' used to refer to Irish people. The 'wagon' was a real wagon used in places like New York to pick up Irish people accused of drinking. That happened late 1800's when the Irish, Blacks, Chinese, American Indians were considered the lowest by the Anglo-Saxon ARISTOCRACY.
Histeria/Hysterical: Another insulting word used to refer to women being mentally unstable.
A GUIDE TO LEARING TO SPEAK AND PRONOUNCE ENGLISH WORDS: