Views: 5727|Replies: 3

中国象棋中的"卧槽马" 如何翻译? 谢谢! [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 4

Post time 2005-9-28 17:09:30 |Display all floors

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 6Rank: 6

Post time 2005-9-28 17:14:58 |Display all floors

Elbow Horse

转来的,没有考证
象棋术语的英文翻译 XIANGQI TERMS IN ENGLISH

[ 一 般 术 语 General Terms ]
象棋  xiangqi
棋盘  board
棋子  piece
棋例  xiangqi rules
棋证  arbiter, referee, judge
计时  time control
限着  movecount
暂停  break
超时  lost on time
评注  commentation, commentory, annotation
复盘  review, play back, post-mortem analysis
先走  move first, play red
后走  move next, play black
开局  opening
应局  responding
中局  middle game, mid game
残局  end game
排局  composed game, end game composition
胜局  winning game, won game
死局  lost game, forced mate
认输  resign
弃权  retire
例胜  won position
例和  draw position
判和  judged draw
巧胜  positional win
巧和  positional draw
妙着  excellent move
紧着  strong move, pressing move
欠行  stalement, stalemate
软着  weak move
虚着  plausible move
空着  useless move
劣着  bad move
漏着  blunder
大漏  big blunder
闲着  idle move
停着  waiting move
诱着  Tempting move, inducing move
变着  alternative, variation
先手  initiative
优势  advantage, superior
劣势  disadvantage, inferior, awkwark position
均势  even positions
解杀  dissolve mating
循环  repetition of position
阴着  tricky move
吃子  capture piece
得子  gain piece
失子  lose piece
兑子  exchange piece
弃子  sacrifice piece
长将  perpetual check
长捉  perpetual chase, perpetual pursuit
长兑  perpetual exchange offer
长杀  perpetual mating threat
长拦  perpetual blocking
长跟  perpetual follow
捉双  fork, attacking two pieces
有根  rooted, protected
无根  unrooted, unprotected
兵种  piece-kind
搏杀  combat, wrestle, sharp attacking each other
攻势  attack
反攻  counter attack
入局  mating assault
空门  undefended sector, weak sector
分先  play at par
封锁  seal off, blockade
一将一停  check & wait
一将一捉  check & chase
一将一杀  check & mating
一杀一停  mating & wait
一杀一捉  mating & chase
一捉一停  chase & wait
平稳局势  calm game, secured position
散漫局势  disorderly position, scattered position
可胜形势  winning position
子力活跃  Active pieces
子力呆滞  passive pieces
后继手段  combination moves
尚可支持  Tenable situation
对局记录  record (of game)
实用残局  practical end game
棋谱着法  text move
局势, 局面  position, siduation
正着, 官着  right move, correct move
得先, 反先  gain initiative
封棋, 保留  adjourn, adjournment
后手, 被动  passive
失先, 失一先  lose initiative, lose a tempo
杀, 催杀  mate, mating threat
让一先  1-move handicap
让长先  perpetual 1-move handicap
让二先  2-move handicap
让三先  3-move handicap
让单马  1-horse handicap
让双马  2-horse handicap
闲, 停  wait
将  check
捉  chase, pursue
兑  exchange, trade
拦  block
跟  follow
进  move forwards, advance
退  move backwards, retreat
平  move sidewards, traverse

[ 位 置 名 称 Descriptions of positions ] (为方便读和写, 可尽量用括号内的简称)
直线  file
横线  rank
边线  edge files
一路  1st file
二路  2nd file
三路  3rd file
四路  4th file
五路  5th file
六路  6th file
七路  7th file
八路  8th file
九路  9th file
河头  river bank (RB)
骑河  cross-river (CR)
卒行  pawn rank (PR)
花心  centroid, throat
士角  palace corner, palcorner
三七路  elbow files
四六路  armpit files
炮位线  cannon rank
中士线  throat rank
己方底线  base, 1st rank
对方底线  bottom rank
中线, 中路  central file
象眼, 象田  elephant-eye (E-eye)
[ 车的术语 Terms related to chaRiot ]
直车  Filed chaRiot
横车  Ranked chaRiot
中车  Central chaRiot
边车  Edge chaRiot
肋车  E-eye chaRiot
骑河车  Cross River chaRiot (CR chaRiot)
卒行车  Pawn Rank chaRiot (PR chaRiot)
贴身车  Armpit chaRiot, King Side chaRiot
沈底车  Bottom chaRiot
高头车  High chaRiot
低头车  Low chaRiot
重线车  Linked chaRiots
守丧车  Boxed chaRiot
底车(已方底线)  Base chaRiot
河头车, 巡河车  River Bank chaRiot, (RB chaRiot),
         Patrolling chaRiot  
[ 炮 的 术 语 Terms related to Cannon ]
中炮  中官炮 Central Cannon
边炮  Edge Cannon
竿炮  Linked Cannons
士角炮  Palcorner Cannon
巡河炮  RB Cannon, Patrolling Cannon
骑河炮  CR Cannon
卒行炮  PR Cannon
沈底炮  Bottom Cannon
空头炮  Exposed Cannon
窝心炮  Centroid Cannon
镇中炮  Central Pinning Cannon
三路炮  3rd File Cannon, 3rd Cannon
七路炮  7th File Cannon, 7th Cannon
炮归家  Home Rank Cannon, Homing Cannon
冷巷炮  Corridor Cannon, Alley Cannon
[ 马 的 术 语 Terms related to Horse ]
屏风马  Screen Horses
单提马  Single Horse
反攻马  Sandwich Horses
穿官马  E-eye Horse
钓鱼马  Angler Horse (Attack)
卧槽马  Elbow Horse (Attack)

士角马  Palcorner Horse
归心马  Centroid Horse
河头马  RB Horse
边马   Edge Horse
绊脚马  Lame Horse
连环马  Linked Horses
[ 兵 卒 的 术 语 Terms related to Pawn ]  
中兵  Central Pawn
边兵  Edge Pawn
七兵  Left Elbow Pawn, 7th Pawn
高兵  High Pawn
低兵  Low Pawn (at throat rank)
底兵  Bottom Pawn
过河兵  Promoted Pawn
兄弟兵  Linked Pawns
对头兵  Opposing Pawns
花心兵  Centroid Pawn
咽喉兵  E-eye Pawn
一路边兵  Right Edge Pawn
九路边兵  Left Edge Pawn
三路兵  Right Elbow Pawn, 3rd Pawn  
[ 将 帅 士 象 的 术 语 Terms related to King ,Adviser and Elephant ]  
中帅  Central King
侧帅  King at Side, Palside King
露帅  Exposed King
光帅  Naked King
出帅  King out
帅坐上  King up
帅坐下  King down
山顶帅  King at peak, Roof King
士象全  Full guard
单缺士  Single Adviser guard
单缺象  Single Elephant guard
羊角士  Palcorner & Centroid Advisers,
     Ram Horn Advisers  半边士象  Half guard
底象  Base Elephant
边象  Edge Elephant
顶象  Top Elephant
左象  Left Elephant
右象  Right Elephant
中象  Central Elephant
左士  Left Adviser
右士  Right Adviser
中士  Centroid Adviser
底士  Base Adviser
顶士  Palcorner Adviser

[ 攻 杀 局 势 Checkmate/Attacking positions]  
二字车  2-R checkmate
三把手  3-R checkmate
勒马车  Horse Braking chaRiot checkmate
炮闷宫  Cannon smothered checkmate
双杯酒  Double Cannons smothered mate
马后炮  Horse-Cannon checkmate
侧面虎  Tiger Silheoutte
重炮将军  Double Cannons checkmate, Tandem
      Cannons checkmate
四车相见  4-R rendezvous
丝线掏牛  Pinning Cannon
车炮抽扯  Cannon-chaRiot discover check
炮辗丹沙  chaRiot-Cannon discover check
双马饮泉  Double Horses checkmate
车马冷着  chaRiot-Horse checkmate, chaRiot-Horse
      zugzwang
大胆穿心  Throat cutting checkmate
将军抽子  capture with discover check
三子归边  3-piece at side, flanking trio
四子归边  4-piece at side, flanking quartet
弃子抢攻  sacrifice for attacking, assaulting sacrifice
运子取势  deployment for advantage
先弃后取  abandoning before gaining
兑子争先  exchange for initiative
解杀还杀  counter mating

[ 红 方 开 局 Red's Openings ]  
中炮局  Central Cannon opening
五六炮  5th & 6th Cannons
五七炮  5th & 7th Cannons
五八炮  5th & 8th Cannons
五九炮  5th & 9th Cannons
飞象局  Elephant opening
进马局  Horse opening
士角炮局  Palcorner Cannon opening
过宫炮局  Cross Palace Cannon opening,
      Parading Cannon opening
仙人指路  Pawn opening, Angel's guide
中炮进三兵  Central Cannon 3rd Pawn
中炮进七兵  Central Cannon 7th Pawn
中炮进中兵  Central Cannon Central Pawn
中炮过河车  Central Cannon PR chaRiot
中炮巡河车  Central Cannon Patrolling chaRiot
中炮七路马  Central Cannon 7th Horse
中炮夹马  Central Cannon Linking Horses
中炮直车  Central Cannon File chaRiot
中炮横车  Central Cannon Rank chaRiot

  [ 黑 方 开 局 Black's Openings ]  
炮局  Folding Cannons defence, Tandem
    Cannons defence
卒底局  Elbow Cannon defence, Thundering
     defence
三步虎  3-step Tiger defence
斗顺炮  Same Direction (SD) Cannon, Mirror
     Cannon defence
斗列炮  Opposite Direction (OD) Cannon,
     Counter Cannon defence
屏风马布局  Screen Horses defence, 2-Horse
       defence
反攻马布局  Sandwich Horses defence
单提马布局  Single Horse defence
屏风马平炮兑车  Screen Horses Edge Cannon for chaRiot
         exchange
屏风马双炮过河  Screen Horses Double PR Cannons
屏风马左马盘河  Screen Horses with RB Horse
屏风马左炮封车  Screen Horses with Left Cannon Blockade

[ 双 方 布 局 Opening deployment of both sides ]  
对兵局   Pawn vs Pawn opening
对马局   Horse vs Horse opening
顺炮局   SD Cannons opening
列炮局   OD Cannons opening
仙人指路对卒底炮  Pawn vs Elbow cannon
          opening,
Angel's Guide vs Thundering defence
中炮进三兵对反宫马  Central Canon 3rd Pawn vs Sandwich Horses
中炮进七兵过河车对屏风马平炮兑车局
Central Cannon 7th Pawn PR chaRiot vs Screen Horses
Edge Cannon for chaRiot exchange

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 4

Post time 2005-9-28 17:21:21 |Display all floors

wow wow!!!!!

million thanks!

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 4

Post time 2005-9-28 18:00:26 |Display all floors

good on you , tampax!!

Use magic tools Report

You can't reply post until you log in Log in | register

BACK TO THE TOP
Contact us:Tel: (86)010-84883548, Email: blog@chinadaily.com.cn
Blog announcement:| We reserve the right, and you authorize us, to use content, including words, photos and videos, which you provide to our blog
platform, for non-profit purposes on China Daily media, comprising newspaper, website, iPad and other social media accounts.