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First UN rights probe in China blasts widespread violations [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2005-5-15 06:02:25 |Display all floors
http://news.ya h oo.com/s/afp/20050513/wl_asia_afp/unrightschina
Fri May 13, 3:27 PM ET

GENEVA (AFP) - China struggled through its first ever examination by a UN human rights committee after a panel reviewed evidence of forced labour, forced abortions, exploitation of children, evictions, discrimination against internal migrants, low wages and other violations.

The UN Committee on Economic and Social Rights, which examines compliance with a treaty China ratified in 2001, urged Beijing to take action to tackle more than 27 major points of concern in its concluding report released here.

After cross-examining a Chinese government delegation last week, the panel of legal experts welcomed new legislation on labour security, minimum wages, new social security schemes, a rural poverty relief plan and measures to tackle
HIV/AIDS.

But its 30-point list of recommendations urged the Chinese government to abolish the use of forced labour as a punishment, to "effectively" enforce the prohibition of child labour and to tackle discrimination against asylum seekers, Chinese migrants, women and the handicapped.

The panel also said it was "deeply concerned about the high rate of abortion of girl foetuses" and reports of "forced abortions and forced sterilisations imposed on women... by local officials".

The report noted "the persistence of gender inequalities... particularly with regard to employment and participation in decision-making" and the disproportionate impact of redundancies on women

Child labour in hazardous occupations such as mining was also targeted.

"The committee is also of the view that the 'Diligent work and economical study' programme for schoolchildren constitutes explotative child labour," the panel said.

It also noted "generally poor" working conditions including "excessive working hours" and said it was "alarmed by the high incidence of serious occupational accidents", particulalrly in China's mining industry.

"The committee notes with deep concern the de facto discrimination against internal migrants in the fields of employment, social security, health service, housing and education," the report said.

Rural areas and parts of the west of country suffered from wages that were insufficient to ensure a decent standard of living, a problem aggravated by wage arrears notably in the construction industry, according to the report.

Many welfare reforms had not been extended to the countryside, where many communities faced "irregularities" in their access to compulsory primary school education, it found.

China was asked to report back to the committee by June 30, 2010.

The committee declined to speak to the press about its conclusions, a UN spokeswoman said.

The 17-member panel, which regularly examines the 151 countries that have ratified the convention on economic and social rights, includes a Chinese expert.

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I found another article on  POPULATION AND SOCIAL INTEGRATION SECTION (PSIS) shows the reponse Minister in charge of the National Population and Family Planning Commission of China on the panel's concern about the high rate of abortion of girl foetuses .

http://www.unescap.org/esid/psis/population/popheadline/304/art10.asp

China to criminalize sex-detection of foetus for abortion

China plans to outlaw the selective abortion of female foetuses to correct an imbalance in the ratio of boys to girls that has grown since the country’s one-child policy was introduced more than 20 years ago, according to a report from the official Xinhua News Agency.
The sex ratio at birth is highly skewed, with data showing that in China 119 boys are born for every 100 girls. The population of the Chinese mainland was projected to have reached 1.3 billion on 6 January, according to the National Statistics Bureau; thus, the imbalance is huge, with the shortage of women in the population estimated to be in the tens of millions.
China has set the goal of reversing the imbalance by 2010. Mr. Zhang Weiqing, Minister in charge of the National Population and Family Planning Commission, stated: “As a new measure, the Commission will start drafting revisions to the Criminal Law in order to effectively ban foetus gender detection and selective abortion for other than legitimate medical purposes”.
Although China already bans sex-selective abortion, some technologies have made it relatively easy to determine the sex of a foetus prior to birth, thus increasing the likelihood that girls could be aborted.
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Forumites,  want to defend for China or eleborate for UN's probe, welcome to post here. please be specific on facts.

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Post time 2005-5-16 08:03:30 |Display all floors

with regard to the SAR Hong Kong and Macau

http://www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/NewsRoom?OpenFrameSet
extract---
Among the positive developments in the initial report of China, the Committee noted with appreciation the measures adopted by the State party for the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS and welcomed the adoption of the Framework for Education Development into 2020, a strategic plan for the reform and development of the education sector in the State party. It urged the State party to ensure that its asylum procedures did not discriminate, in purpose or in effect, against asylum seekers and recommended that the State party reinforce its programmes designed to reduce unemployment. Among other things, it urged the State party to amend the Trade Union Act to allow workers to form independent trade unions outside the structure of the All China Federation of Trade Unions and called upon the State party to provide detailed information on the situation in the ethnic minority regions of Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region and the Tibet Autonomous Region.

With regard to the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong, the Committee welcomed the information that the age of criminal responsibility had been raised and noted with appreciation the establishment of a Commission on Poverty to devise in this connection future strategies to combat poverty. It strongly urged the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong to extend the protection afforded by the proposed racial discrimination law to internal migrants from the Mainland, and to put a stop to the widespread discriminatory practices against them on the basis of their origin. The Committee also urged the State party to ensure respect for the necessary procedural safeguards when deporting victims of trafficking in persons.

Concerning the Macao Special Administrative Region, the Committee welcomed its assurance that the Covenant may be directly invoked before domestic courts in the region, and that there had been specific decisions of domestic courts where reference had been made to the Covenant and its provisions. Among other things, it recommended that the Macao Special Administrative Region take effective measures to ensure that all workers were entitled to adequate social security benefits, including migrant workers, and that it strengthen efforts to provide free compulsory education to all school-aged children, including the children of migrant workers.

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Post time 2005-5-16 08:06:27 |Display all floors

with regard to SAR Hong Kong and Macau

http://www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/NewsRoom?OpenFrameSet
extract---

Among the positive developments in the initial report of China, the Committee noted with appreciation the measures adopted by the State party for the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS and welcomed the adoption of the Framework for Education Development into 2020, a strategic plan for the reform and development of the education sector in the State party. It urged the State party to ensure that its asylum procedures did not discriminate, in purpose or in effect, against asy lum seekers and recommended that the State party reinforce its programmes designed to reduce unemployment. Among other things, it urged the State party to amend the Trade Union Act to allow workers to form independent trade unions outside the structure of the All China Federation of Tra de Unions and called upon the State party to provide detailed information on the situation in the ethnic minority regions of Xinjiang Ui ghur Autonomous Region and the Ti b et Autonomous Region.

With regard to the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong, the Committee welcomed the information that the age of criminal responsibility had been raised and noted with appreciation the establishment of a Commission on Poverty to devise in this connection future strategies to combat poverty. It strongly urged the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong to extend the protection afforded by the proposed racial discrimination law to internal migrants from the Mainland, and to put a stop to the widespread discriminatory practices against them on the basis of their origin. The Committee also urged the State party to ensure respect for the necessary procedural safeguards when deporting victims of trafficking in persons.

Concerning the Macao Special Administrative Region, the Committee welcomed its assurance that the Covenant may be directly invoked before domestic courts in the region, and that there had been specific decisions of domestic courts where reference had been made to the Covenant and its provisions. Among other things, it recommended that the Macao Special Administrative Region take effective measures to ensure that all workers were entitled to adequate social security benefits, including migrant workers, and that it strengthen efforts to provide free compulsory education to all school-aged children, including the children of migrant workers.

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Post time 2005-5-16 08:50:33 |Display all floors

poor working condition and serious occupational accidence--another gas blast in

Gas blast kills 14 in Shanxi province
2005-05-14 04:23:47 XinhuaEnglish

TAIYUAN, May 14(Xinhuanet)-- Fourteen miners were killed in a gas explosion that occurred Friday afternoon in a coal mine in Heshun County of north China's Shanxi Province, said local sources.

The gas blast took place at 3:00 p.m. Friday at the No. 2 pit of the Longhua Colliery of the county, when 31 miners were working underground. The blast killed 14 miners on the spot, and 16 othersmanaged to escape. There is still one miner missing.

Officials from the provincial coal mine safety administration and local authorities have rushed to the site to direct rescue work and investigation.

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Post time 2005-5-16 12:26:01 |Display all floors

All Trapped Miners Confirmed Dead in Qitaihe City

http://www.china.org.cn/english/2005/May/128580.htm

All Trapped Miners Confirmed Dead

All nine miners trapped underground after a gas explosion in a coal mine in northeast China's Heilongjiang Province were confirmed dead on Thursday.

Eleven miners were underground when the blast occurred at a colliery in Qitaihe City at 5:00 PM on Wednesday, two of whom narrowly escaped with injuries.



Two bodies had been found and seven remained missing according to initial reports, but the rescue operation was called off yesterday after the rest were also confirmed as having been killed.



Rescuers are extracting hazardous gas from the coal pit to make it possible for the investigation group to go down to investigate the cause of the accident.



The two injured miners are under medical treatment in the hospital.



(Xinhua News Agency May 13, 2005)
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why there're never ending news on coal miners death tolls ?

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Post time 2005-5-19 17:50:57 |Display all floors

Coal mine blast traps 51 miners underground--from China Daily today

Coal mine blast traps 51 miners underground
(Agencies)
Updated: 2005-05-19 11:35

Fifty-one miners are missing and feared dead after a gas explosion ripped through the Nuanerhe coal mine near Chengde city in northern China's Hebei province.

"At around 3 am on May 19 a gas explosion accident at the Nuanerhe mining company (state-owned local mine) in Hebei province's Chengde city occurred," the State Administration of Mine Safety said on its website.

"Fifty-one mine workers were in the mine shaft and it is not clear if they are alive."

Local and provincial leaders have rushed to the state-owned mine to oversee rescue operations, while a group of experts had also been dispatched to investigated the cause, the administration said.

Local officials contacted by AFP refused to immediately comment on the explosion or the rescue efforts.

Official figures showed more than 6,000 miners died in accidents last year in China.

A blast in a coal mine in southwestern China's Sichuan province last Thursday killed 21 miners in the latest disaster.

China's mines have been working well over capacity as coal prices have skyrocketed while crucial parts of the country are facing power shortages exacerbated by 20 years of robust economic growth.

China relies on coal for 70 percent of its energy needs.
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This kind of news makes me feel guilty to use electricity fueled by coal.

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