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"""Someone with far more knowledge of linguistics and how the brain operates with language may be able to inform us as to whether languages being related makes it easier to learn (when speaking 3 or more) or if it makes it harder."""|
I wouldn't say I have "far more" knowledge of linguistics, but from what I've read (and only minutely experienced) it is far easier to learn a related language than an unrelated one. I only speak English fluently, but I have had classes in Spanish & French in school (forgot them by now) and now I'm learning Chinese now as an adult. Learning chinese is way more difficult in a lot of ways. A lot of European languages have the same roots, therefore, even though I don't speak those other languages, I can see some of the similarities and I will most likely remember the vocabluary better, or can at least guess better if necessary. I will probably have any easier time with pronunciation. That isn't to say there aren't other challenges though.
With Chinese however, EVERYTHING is different. Even when I think I'm making the same sound, a Chinese person will keep correcting me as if I'm not quite getting it yet. The written hanzi may as well be from another planet, and the vocabulary is unrelated to anything in my language.
By contrast, if I were to study French again (and i did look at a textbook recently for my son) I'd recognize a lot of words or word-parts. The sentence structure is similar to mine, there are no tones... (can't stand masc/fem or conjugation though). After studying Chinese for a while, the French book looked like a cakewalk and I thought "man, maybe I should study French again too, it looks so easy, I could learn this in no time!"
A book of mine called "how to learn any language" says that the easiest language to learn is Indonesian, and the most difficult is Hungarian.
There is a language method where students learn as many as a dozen languages at the SAME TIME.
I believe it that the girl can speak those languages. It is certainly POSSIBLE, so unless you have reason to believe she is lying, I'd believe her. Ask to hear some out of curiosity, in a playful way if you aren't sure. As someone said, maybe she is exaggerating a little (or you misunderstood) and she can only speak a little bit in some of them. We can't tell from here, but it's not impossible. Difficult, maybe rare at that age, but certainly not impossible. Some children grow up hearing 2-3 languages in the home. Add 1-2 more from school, 1-3 more from friends or personal interest, and you've got a lot of languages.