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Inner Mongolia ,working as such a picture as you imagining-grassland,groups of horses,sheep ,and Mongolians wearing Mogolian gown singing Mongolian song happily.What is the reality?I want to tell the tuth now that I have been living here over 30 years.
Neimenggu is short for Inner Mongolia Autonomous region. It lies in the northern border in China, has an area of 1.1 million square kilometers, and with a population of 2.3 million.To surprising is Mongolian only accounts for 15 percent of the whole population,that is to show Han stands for 80 percent of the whole one.In some regine ,for the middle of Inner Mongolia,the percentage are even less than 3 percent!!!!!!!You can imagine what the reality means -only 15 person are Mongolians in the 100 person.
the real situation is more worried,some of Mongolians can not speak their mo ther language _Mongolia now that they accept Hanis culture since their private school.And sone of them are half Mongolian-their father or mother are Hans ,even their grads!Owing to Mongolian advantage politic(may have the second baby,and can add 10 scors when taking part in college entrence exam).
The grassland is not the real.When you travel Inner Mongolia by train from Jining to Hohhot even to the west ,you can only see nothing but the farm allover.You must go more than 2 miles northern to look at the imaging "grassland".In a matter of fact,South of Inner Mongolia(IM) covers by farm,only in north so far taht you can see the grassland.
The grassland is not as you imagine as you can.Many person living in grassland are not Monglian instead of Han .And real Mongolian don't live in Mongolian house (calling "Ger")but the popular house ,expect little remote regine near frontier.Nor do Mongolian wear Mongolian gown but Hanis clothes ,expect little remote regine near frontier.Neither do Mongolian drive sheep by horse instead of motor ,and some rich Mongolians don't drive their sheep any more but hire Hans do it.Almost every Mongolian can speak CHinese ,some of them don't speak Chiunese in grassland in public.
Now you see,Mongolia is never as imagining as you can .Inner Mongolia is a place just-most of them are Hans,some of Mongolians can not speak Mongolian,Mongolian don't live in Mongolian house any more and don't wear gown,Some of IM are the same as farm ,and Mongolian drive sheep group by motor .
In short ,Mongolian is being assimilated by Hanis culture.Some of my Mongolian friends told me that Mongolian will become Hans at all in 50 years.And at that time do Inner Mongolian will become the second Liao Ning( There are many ManZou ethic 100 years ago,and now it is full of Hans).
That is what I will tell you the reality in Inner Mongolia.
Happy to await for your responces.