This post was edited by dostoevskydr at 2016-12-4 13:18|
The oldest sewing needles
In the Altai Mountains, archaeologists recently found the oldest sewing needle in the world. The needle, which is 50,000 years old, was discovered in the Denisov Cave and it was made by "Homo archaic" - a precursor of "Homo sapiens". The 7-cm needle has a hole for the thread; it was made from the bones of a large, unidentified bird. Previously,researchers have found the needle in the later layers of the cave, but this -the oldest and the longest of all found.
The oldest previously discovered needles were 40,000 years.It was found in the same layer with the remains of the mysterious relative of"Homo sapiens" - "Denisova hominin", after whom the cave was named. Denisova hominin was more technically advanced than Neanderthals. Hole in the bracelet of the Denisova hominin could only be done with the high speed drill bit, similar to those that are used today.
Okunevskaya noble woman
In Khakassia the remains of the noble woman - representative of an ancient culture Okunevskaya has recently been discovered. Experts consider okunevts as Siberian ethnic group, most related to Native Americans.Untouched burial dates back to XXV and XVIII centuries BC, also contained the remains of a child and a lot of essentials.
In the tomb there were found about 100 ornaments made of animal teeth, instruments made of bones and horns, two flasks, a casket with bone needles and bronze knife. Burial clothes decorated with more than 1,500 beads. Clay censer is decorated with images of the same faces that are inherent to other ancient Siberian mountain cultures. Previously, the purpose of these"masks" have been shrouded in mystery, and now engineers can combine the data about these figures from Okunevskaya burial. The stone slab with the imageof a bull assumes southern origin of Okunevskaya culture. These boards are a rarity in Siberia, but there are a lot of them over Kazakhstan.
Brain surgery 3,000 years ago
In 2015, during the construction of the oil pipeline"Eastern Siberia - Pacific Ocean-2", archaeologists discovered the burial of 3,000 years old, in which there was a skull with traces of brain surgery.
The patient died at the age of 30 to 40 years. Parts of the skull taken for analysis showed traces of surgery. Its open parietal bone showed signs of healing, it is assumed that man lived for a certain period of time after trepanation. Experts believe that the death was caused by post-operative inflammation.
Usual painkillers such as opiates do not grow in the region,but in ancient Siberia, there was no shortage of psychotropic substances.Juniper and thyme were used in shamanic practice, as analgesics, amanit as were powerful hallucinogens. In the region there was a lot of hemp, and it is often found in burials. It is likely that in order to bring the patient into a state of altered consciousness, which allowed to perform the operation, they could use marijuana, hallucinogenic mushrooms, juniper, thyme and shamanic dance.
Dean and Yuan
In 2015, in the Siberian permafrost researchers found two frozen young lions. Cubs-twins, were named as Dina and Yuan, presumably, are about 57,000 years old. They are representatives of cave lions, which became extinct about 10 thousand years ago. They were brother and sister, and they were from one to two weeks, when their lair fell down. Opaque white liquid,found in their stomachs may be the oldest milk in the world.
Cave lions lived in Eurasia, Alaska and northern Canada in the era of the Middle and Late Pleistocene. The researchers hope that the young lions will help to establish the reason why this subspecies became extinct.Most experts believe that these ancient predators were exterminated because of their skins.
The cloning expert of South Korea's Hwang Woo-Suk plans to reproduce the cave lions. He has already made progress in restoring the mammoth. His team will try to keep the samples as long as possible, and they hope that cloning technology comes to the possibility of restoring the original of from the remains.
A couple held hands for 5,000 years
Archaeologists have recently discovered the Siberian couple who laid holding hands for 5000 years. Skeletons of the Bronze Age, belonged tohigh-ranking official and his wife or lover. Discovered on the shore of Lake Baikal pair belongs to the ancient Glazkovskaya culture. The burial contained a ring of rare white jade, pendants from the bones of red deer and musk deer teeth, 50-inch jade knife and an unidentified metal object, which was stored in the bag between the man's feet.
The pair was found lying on their back. Their heads are turned to the West, but the hands are joined. Men's skeleton preserved completely. Unfortunately, rodents destroyed the upper part of the female skeleton. Appointment of the large jade knife lying near woman is unknown. The bodies were found in the ancient sacred burial overlooking the lake. In order to curb looters, the exact place of burial is kept in secret.