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Isil in Europe [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2016-9-8 14:23:47 |Display all floors
By Omar Ashour
08 Sep 2016


Just as there seems to be no end in sight for the violence in Syria, Iraq, and Libya, or for Egypt’s extreme polarisation, or for the fragile security situation in Tunisia and Algeria, there is little reason to believe that attacks in Europe by Isil will end any time soon.


Making matters worse, July’s bloody putsch in Turkey makes the country an even more attractive ISIL target.


ISIL feeds off troubled states from which it can draw recruits and launch attacks - either by establishing an “official province”, as in Syria, Iraq, Libya, and Egypt, or by supporting secret cells and small combat units, as it has done in Tunisia and Turkey already.


These two modes of operation - insurgency and terrorism - go hand in hand. When an insurgent organisation loses control of territory or battlefield momentum, it resorts to terrorism, reasoning that attacks on softer civilian targets are cheaper, easier and just as politically effective.


This is why ISIL wants to strike Europe directly, even as it loses territory in Iraq, Syria, and Libya.


ISIL has multiple goals in following this path. It believes that terrorist attacks in Europe will deter the West from striking territories it controls, and it wants to avenge the more than20,000 members   it has lost to Western coalition air strikes.


Moreover, it wants to stoke anti-Muslim animus, thereby further alienating European Muslims from the rest of European society and boosting its supply of recruits in Europe.


ISIL’s objectives in using terrorism are not new, but its capacity for carrying out attacks is. It has managed to sustain its terror operations in Europe despite being heavily bombarded since 2014 because it has been able to draw from relatively small subsets of more than 5,000 Europeans who have joined the fight in Syria.


ISIL has so far hit France and Turkey the hardest. France has suffered more than  230 deaths and about 700 injuries, while Turkey has endured more than 220 deaths and about 900 injuries.


So why has ISIL focused on attacking France and Turkey? Preliminary findings   by two scholars show negative reactions to French “laicite”- the tradition of secularism in public and political life - among disenfranchised young Sunni Muslims in French-speaking countries. This, the argument goes, facilitates their radicalisation and recruitment by extremists.


But more factors need to be investigated. For example, French foreign policy in the 21st century recognised many Middle Eastern grievances.


France opposed the war in Iraq in 2003; intervened militarily against Libya’s dictator, stopping a potential crime against humanity in March 2011; and saved a fragile democracy in Muslim-majority Mali in 2013.


While these policies were perceived favourably in most of the Middle East, ISIL and their supporters and sympathisers saw things differently.


Turkey, for its part, has long been an attractive alternative model for other Muslim-majority countries. Until its latest challenges, democracy seemed to be succeeding, and economic growth was as high as nine percent   in recent years.


Given its Western leanings, it is no surprise that ISIL has dedicated several issues of its official magazine, Dabiq, to attacking the Turkish model and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.


While France and Turkey have stood out as ISIL targets, they are not alone. But, given their shared position, their bilateral relationship is especially important, and diplomats from each country should get to work shoring it up.


Any further tensions will only undermine the potential for strategic cooperation. Now is the time to come together.


This article has been excerpted from: ‘ISIL’s European strategy’.


Courtesy: Aljazeera.com


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Post time 2016-9-8 15:57:11 |Display all floors
This post was edited by dostoevskydr at 2016-9-8 15:57
blink222 Post time: 2016-9-8 15:25
you have to look at ISIS and Trump in the same lights.

Q: Have you heard of  Carly Fiorina ?

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Post time 2016-9-8 18:00:08 |Display all floors
blink222 Post time: 2016-9-8 17:05
Following her forced resignation from HP, several commentators ranked Fiorina as one of the worst  ...

That is what wikipedia says.......
What do you have to say ? Please answer in "that" thread wherein question was asked.....

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Post time 2016-9-8 19:08:49 |Display all floors
False Flag Black Ops

The incidents in France undoubtedly were false flag black ops.
9/11 was an inside job.
No second plane.It was a bomb.Bomb in the other building.
You KNOW without a doubt the videos are fake,right ?!
Planes don't meld into steel and concrete buildings.They crash into them !!!!!!!
It's amazing how the building ate the plane !!!
Imagine those fragile wings cutting slots in massive steel columns !!!!!
How STUPID can they think the people are to believe that crap ??!!

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Post time 2016-9-9 04:37:13 |Display all floors
petera Post time: 2016-9-8 19:08
False Flag Black Ops

The incidents in France undoubtedly were false flag black ops.

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Post time 2016-9-9 06:52:19 |Display all floors
blink222 Post time: 2016-9-9 00:04
its a black operation....done by men in black.

Black

Dressed in black perhaps but paid by International Finance.
9/11 was an inside job.
No second plane.It was a bomb.Bomb in the other building.
You KNOW without a doubt the videos are fake,right ?!
Planes don't meld into steel and concrete buildings.They crash into them !!!!!!!
It's amazing how the building ate the plane !!!
Imagine those fragile wings cutting slots in massive steel columns !!!!!
How STUPID can they think the people are to believe that crap ??!!

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Post time 2016-9-9 09:19:13 |Display all floors
blink222 Post time: 2016-9-8 18:24
She's history.....why bother?

That Carly I mean.

Accept it - You did not know who she was. You had to google, refer to wikipedia, cut a "one liner" and paste  it here. But you failed to remove the reference ( "Following her forced resignation from HP, several commentators ranked Fiorina as one of the worst American (or tech) CEOs of all time.[1.

YOU - "A smattering of everything, and a knowledge of nothing."


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