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How accordions and bayans are made in Tula [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2016-8-9 18:33:54 |Display all floors
This post was edited by dostoevskydr at 2016-8-9 18:35


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The story of how we with a company of bloggers went on a fascinating tour tothe Tula accordion factory. The factory itself is located on the outskirts ofthe city and occupies a large area. Let's start with the inspection of thefactory’s museum in which there are collected a lot of accordions which wereissued previously and continue to be made to this day.

Bayans and accordions are a reed instruments .Harmonica could be Double-row, bayans could be even five rows, and theright-hand side of accordion has got keys. In Europe, there is a buttonaccordion, but it can be distinguished from the bayan only by specialist inmusical instruments.

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At the moment, the price delta for manufactured goods at the factory startsfrom 5000 t.r for tiny souvenir harmonica with your logo to 420,000 formulti-timbral bayan.

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In the closet there is a single-timbral accordion for children'sinstrumental ensemble. Each harmonica is set to its tone and plays a speciallywritten party.

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Employee of Department of development demonstrates skills of playing andtells many interesting things. I remember that the harmonicaists did not liketo go to China and other countries with a humid climate, because a few dayslater the board swells and the tool starts to play on the new and not alwayswell. The five-year wood with good drying saves us from this, but now this woodis not used to manufacture tools in Russia.

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Each instrument on the factory is signed by hand and has its own uniquedecoration and pattern.

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Five-row bayan.

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As it can be seen from the scheme – Tula’s harmonica occupies a landmarkposition for all reed instruments, which are made all over the world.

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Museum exhibits that are older than a hundred of years.

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We were strongly interested in the question: "Is it difficult to breakthe bayan?" - Chief engineer said that this is unlikely, and probably forthis to happen you will have to work in team. However, such tools have theirweaknesses and it is it’s fur. If a fur gets wet, it soaks and needs to bechanged. People quite often refer to the factory with such problems. They alsodeal with the restoration of the harmonica.

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Vitek, the inspirer of our excursion.

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As everyone knows the creator of Tula’s chromatic harmonica is N.IBeloborodov

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The museum also has a concertina and harmonica of multiple vendors and releasedates.

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I will briefly tell and show the process of creating a learning harmonicaand expensive bayan.

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Typical student bayans and harmonicas are made on the flow by experts ofmiddle category from plywood.

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Chief Technologist of Production spoke in detail about what kind of toolsand instruments used in the production.

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Manufacture of the body of harmonia

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Samples of typesetting bars


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Every body is treated with a special lacquer to withstand moisture andmildew.

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A half finished right half shell looks like this

Contd......



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Post time 2016-8-9 18:57:22 |Display all floors
This post was edited by dostoevskydr at 2016-8-9 18:59

Contd.......

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Storage of finished components

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The body treatment

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The body is covered with a celluloid like many years ago

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special presses which cut tabs

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Then we visited the high-master, who is engaged in manufacturing of enclosures for expensive concert bayans. There is already a beech and mahogany board used.

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All the tools in the arsenal of the wizard are homemade! For example, these planes.

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In the room of the tabs assembly there are small boxes in which tongues of different tonalities are waiting.

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With a hammer and not a cunning device tabs can be set in the typical harmonica and accordions.

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Each busy with his business. Someone splices strips someone sharpens a button.

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Master of reed instruments by deft movements and by using foot bellows checks the sound of a bar on the computer (there is a microphone in the deck) and if it is not compliance undermines the tab to the desired tone

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Each tuner has his own individual room. At the end there is a room of a master, who sets up a concert bayans. Adjust by ear using a file.

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Chief designer shows us a blank

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The blank is mounted in the housing. It takes up to a month to make a bayan.

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Sample of keys. Each harmonica consists of more than 3000 pieces

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Manufacturing of furs. Metal edges are donned and kicked with mallet

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Master brings to mind an accordion with a curved deck.

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Vitek evaluates the work of the factory, and we leave such an interesting company!

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That is all ! I look forward to your comments !

Via: livejournal


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Post time 2016-8-11 03:51:50 |Display all floors
ohhh... great photos. I could reminisce about my days when I was younger and played the accordion. Later, it became 'unpopular' and just not 'with it' and so I learned other instruments. But, it was fun and often wish I should have kept mine.Good accordions were elaborate and even had mother-of pearl buttons and decorative designs.

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Post time 2016-8-11 03:54:09 |Display all floors
Aaaahhhh, great blog and photos. Reminds me of the time I used to play accordion.

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Post time 2016-8-11 11:56:14 |Display all floors
I have a friend who makes musical instruments

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