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10 Little-Known but Amazing Structures of the Ancient World   [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2015-11-23 12:51:33 |Display all floors
The Great Wall of China, the Taj Mahal, Machu Picchu and the Great Pyramid of Giza are just few of the names that come to mind when talking about architectural wonders of the ancient world. But unknown to many, there are equally numerous other impressive structures that ancient human civilization has left behind for us that will certainly leave you completely stunned. Without putting you in suspense for too long, here are 10 of the little-known but amazing structures of the ancient world.


1. Leshan Giant Buddha, China (Photo via: Hoang Sa)

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The size of this structure and the intricate expertise that went into its construction will definitely leave you amazed! Considered the world’s largest stone-carved Buddha, this statue stands at more than 232 feet with a shoulder spanning over 90 feet. The Leshan Giant Buddha is located at the meeting point of three rivers in China’s Sichuan Province and its construction, which started in 713, was said to have taken over 90 years to complete, with thousands of people working on it. Hai Tong, a monk, had recommended the statue as a mean of placating water spirits that were thought to be responsible for the many boat mishaps during the period. It will interest you to know that the coiled hairs of the Buddha form part of a drainage system running down the statue.

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Post time 2015-11-23 12:52:53 |Display all floors
2. The Olmec Heads, Mexico (Photo via: GoGringo.com)

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These are 17 stone-carved, gigantic heads weighing from 6 to 50 tons each. The stone heads dating back to the period between 1500 and 1000 BC feature distinctive headdresses, probably indicating they were representations of great Olmec rulers of the past. There is also the thought that the heads might indicate existence of highly developed African civilization in the area in the ancient times, judging by the close semblance of some of the heads’ face outline to an African male’s.

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Post time 2015-11-23 12:53:56 |Display all floors
3. Temple of Hephaestus, Greece (Photo by: Phaethon via Panoramio)

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Dedicated to Hephaestos, the god of fire, the Temple of Hephaestus is one of the top places of attraction in Greece which many people know little or nothing about. The structure erected in 450 AD and sitting atop a little hill is situated in Thission, an area drawing several millions of visitors every year. Also known as Theseion, the temple was built with marble in the Doric style of architecture and features 34 columns. It is very surprising that the Temple of Hephaestus has remained rather obscure despite its appeal and description as one of the world’s best preserved temples of the ancient world.

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4. Gobekli Tepe, Turkey (Photo via: Wikipedia)

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This ancient site plays host to stone pillars and other structures having carvings of different types of predatory animals. With radiocarbon dating tracing its age to about 10,000 B.C., Gobekli Tepe is the oldest religious edifice to have been discovered. The implication of this dating is also that these structures were built during an age when humans were thought to be primitive hunter-gatherers, before even starting agriculture. So it leaves you wondering how the structures, especially the stone pillars weighing up to 20 tons, were constructed without metal tools.

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This post was edited by Perfumecity at 2015-11-23 12:58

5. Sacsayhuaman, Peru (Photo via: Ancient Explorers)

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This is an enormous fortress in the Peruvian city of Cuzco that will further leave you marveling at the advanced engineering skill of the ancient people. Sacsayhuaman features three dry stone walls made of large rocks that were extracted from a quarry located more than three kilometers away from the fortress, with the biggest of these rocks measuring about 120 tons! Spanish colonists were so stunned when they saw the structure they thought it was constructed by demons. The engineering proficiency that went into the construction of the stone fortress has ensured it remained intact till this day despite the numerous earthquakes that have ravaged the area.

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6. Temple of Hercules Victor, Rome, Italy (Photo by: Bruno Rossano via Panoramio)

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Situated in Rome’s Forum Boarium, the Temple of Hercules Victor is a rotund temple constructed around the 2nd Century in classic Greek style of architecture. It comprises a cella and ring of 20 Corinthian columns, which provided support for the roof and the ancient architrave. The cella and 19 of the columns remain to this day. It is unsure what the temple was initially called, with the present name being as a result of its connection with the Hercules and Cacus legend. The Temple of Hercules Victor is regarded as the earliest-surviving marble edifice in the whole of Rome.

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Post time 2015-11-23 12:59:25 |Display all floors
7. Chavin de Huantar Ruins, Peru (Photo via: Time Travel Turtle)

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A World Heritage site, the Chavin de Huantar Ruins in Peru is believed to have been built circa 900 B.C. by the Chavin
culture, which preceded the Inca. It is thought to have been used as a place of assembly and worship. Fragments and artifacts from the original setup are what remain today. Inter-tribal hostilities and natural hazards such as earthquakes are two of the reasons that have been suggested as probably being responsible for the vanishing of the Chavin people.


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