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Ottoman "Dinosaur" evolves into Turkey after Sevres [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2015-7-10 07:12:53 |Display all floors
1.  Following are excerpts from the 9 July 2015 article headlined "Uighurs protesters assault Thai Consulate in Istanbul" at the timesuniondotcom website.

(Begin excerpts)
ANKARA, Turkey (AP) — Protesters stormed the Thai Consulate in Istanbul early Thursday to denounce Thailand's decision to deport 109 ethnic Uighur migrants back to China, destroying furniture and hurling files and documents out into the yard, according to reports and video footage. Nine people were detained.

The group of some 100 gathered outside the consulate building waving Uighur flags and brought down the Thai flag. They then hurled rocks at the consulate, smashing windows and breaking in to the offices, where they demolished pictures and furniture and threw files out. No one was hurt in the attack.

Police allowed the protesters to pray outside the consulate before taking nine of them away for questioning.....

Thai authorities said the 109 were returned to China under an agreement that guarantees their safety.

Last week, Turkey took in a group of 173 Uighur migrants from Thailand, prompting Beijing to express displeasure with Ankara. China said Turkey's action was tantamount to supporting illegal migration. Thailand said the group had been identified as Turkish.

....Protests broke out across Turkey, and on one occasion a group of nationalists in Istanbul tried to attack a group of Korean tourists, mistaking them for Chinese nationals......  (End excerpts)

2.  Following are excerpts from the 9 July 2015 article headlined "China-Turkey relationship strained over Uighurs" at the bbcdotcom website.

(Begin excerpts)
Burnt Chinese flags, attacks on Chinese restaurants, alleged attacks on tourists who were mistaken for being Chinese and protests across the country.

For the last 10 days anti-Chinese sentiment has been on the rise in Turkey.

Turkish Muslims and Uighurs from the far western region of China share ethnicity and have close cultural and religious ties....

Cihan Yavuz's Chinese restaurant, Happy China, was attacked by an angry mob in Istanbul last week.

"People are scared to come here, scared of another attack," he said.

"If people want to protest the Chinese government, they can hold demonstrations in front of its embassy. It's not right to use violence for the sake of protesting," he said.

There were further reports of disturbances in Istanbul on Saturday as the Grey Wolves - the youth wing of the far right nationalist party MHP - held a march.

Chinese tourist guide Miray Hamit said four or five men with knives attacked a tourist in her group.

"They asked us where we were from and when we said we were Chinese they started hitting one of us.

"A Turkish tourist guide and I intervened to stop the attack. We all got scared. One of us got injured, though nothing serious thankfully. I got hit too," she said.

Miray Hamit thought the attackers were not necessarily affiliated with the Grey Wolves rally and could have just been passing.

Turkish media though reported a group of Korean tourists believed to be Chinese were attacked during the Grey Wolves' protests, an allegation they deny.

The head of Grey Wolves in Istanbul, Ahmet Yigit Yildirim, alleged the scuffles that took place were actually between the police and protesters and no harm was done to any tourists. He said no complaint was made against them.

"The safety of every tourist coming to our country is our responsibility. We can't tolerate any sort of violence," he said.

Police sources were unable to speak to the BBC. However, the Korean consulate in Istanbul said they had not received any complaints or reports of any attacks against Korean citizens in the city.

In the Turkish media the leader of MHP, Devlet Bahceli, hinted at the possibility that a Korean may have been confused with a Chinese.

But Chinese tourists do not seem deterred by the rising anti-China sentiment in Turkey.

"We are aware of what's going on. But we didn't encounter any problems. We trust Turkey. Turkish people have been very friendly to us," tourist Lucky Zhang said.

This week, the Chinese government issued travel advice to its citizens travelling to Turkey and warned them against getting too close to protests or filming them.  (End excerpts)

3.  The MHP anti-Chinese protests raised several interesting points and questions:

(a)  The big question here is how more than 300,000 people could pass through Chinese border checkpoints illegally into Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Malaysia without being noticed by the Chinese border guards throughout these years?
(In 2009, then Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Arinc said there were more than 300,000 Uighurs living in Turkey.)

(b)  Why nobody had noticed anything when a large group of over 300,000 people could travel more than 3,000 km all the way from north-western China to the south throughout these years?

(c)  Why didn't those people take the shorter routes into Pakistan and other Central Asian countries but instead took a long route via southern China particularly Kunming and then crossed into Vietnam and Thailand?

(d)  It is obvious that the violent protest at the Thai Consulate was intended to intimidate Thailand and other countries into yielding to the Turkish protesters.

(e)  In view of the Turkish intimidation against Thailand, China cannot depend forever on the goodwill of Thailand and other countries to return the illegal emigrants.  What it should do is to monitor the illegal emigration more closely -- on the highways, trains, at airports, etc and tighten security at the border checkpoints.

(f)   If Bulent Arinc's claim ithat more than 300,000 Uighurs had settled in Turkey is true, it is obvious that the illegal emigration of a big number of people could not occur without external help and coordination.

(g)  While more than 300,000 Uighurs were claimed to have emigrated to Turkey, it looks very strange that some Turkish citizens have chosen to stay in China for years.  Why do they want to stay in China, and what are they doing in China?  China should take the following actions if Turkey is found to be the mastermind behind the illegal emigration.

(i)  Break all diplomatic ties with Turkey, so that no Turkish citizens could infiltrate into China for sabotage or other anti-China activities.

(ii)  It was reported that "Turkey has vowed to keep its doors open to Uighur migrants".  If Turkey really means what it says, China should let Turkey take away all the Uighurs from Xinjiang.  Turkey may want more Uighurs to balance the increasing population of Kurds, Greeks, Armenians, Arabs, Iraqis, Syrian refugees and other ethnic minorities.
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Post time 2015-7-10 07:20:37 |Display all floors
4.  In order to find out why some groups in Turkey are so interested in the Uighurs, we have to look back at the history of Turkey.

Following are excerpts from C N Trueman's article headlined "The Treaty of Sevres" at the historylearningsitedotcodotuk website.

(Begin excerpts)
The Treaty of Sèvres was signed with the Ottoman Empire after the end of World War One. The terms of the Treaty of Sèvres were harsh and many in the Ottoman Empire were left angered and embittered by their treatment.

The Treaty of Sèvres was signed on August 10th 1920 after more than fifteen months was spent on drawing it up. Great Britain, Italy and France signed it for the victorious Allies. Russia was excluded from the process and by 1920 America had withdrawn into a policy of isolation.

The Treaty of Sèvres territorially carved up the ‘Sick Man of Europe’.

Britain and France had already decided what would happen to the area generally referred to as the ‘Middle East’. Britain took effective possession and control of Palestine while France took over Syria, Lebanon and some land in southern Anatolia. East and West Anatolia were declared areas of French influence. This had already been decided some three years before the Treaty of Sèvres in the secret Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1917. Britain also took over Iraq and was given very generous oil concessions there via the British-controlled Turkish Petroleum Company, later renamed the Iraq Petroleum Company.

The Kingdom of Hejaz was given formal international recognition as an independent kingdom. With Mecca and Medina as its most important cities, the Kingdom of Hejaz was 100,000 square miles in size with a total population of 750,000.

Armenia was recognised as a separate sovereign state.

Smyrna was put under effective control of Greece while technically remaining within the Ottoman Empire. The Treaty of Sèvres also gave the people of Smyrna the chance of a plebiscite on whether they wished to join Greece as opposed to remaining in the Ottoman Empire. This plebiscite would be overseen by theLeague of Nations. Greece was also given Thrace.

The Dodecanese Islands were formally handed over to Italy who was also given influence in the coastal region of Anatolia.

The Dardanelles Straits was made an international waterway with the Ottoman Empire having no control over it.  Certain ports near to Constantinople were declared “free zones” as they were deemed to be of international importance.

The Treaty of Sèvres failed to deal with the issue of a Kurdistan. There was an initial agreement on the boundaries of a Kurdistan but nationalist Kurds rejected this as it failed to include a region called Van. The issue ended with some Kurds living in Turkey where they were deemed by the government there as being Turks and some in northwest Iraq where they were deemed to be Iraqis.

Like the other defeated Central Powers, the Ottoman Empire had military restrictions imposed on it. The Ottoman Army was limited to 50,000 men. An air force was forbidden and the navy was limited to thirteen boats – six schooners and seven torpedo boats. The Treaty of Sèvres also contained clauses that allowed the Allies to supervise these military terms.

The financial consequences of the Treaty of Sèvres equalled those of the Treaty of Versailles in terms of severity; however, the new Weimar Germany was allowed to run her own economy – though the terms ofVersailles obviously impacted this. The Ottoman Empire had the control of its finances and economy taken away from her and handed over to the Allies. This included the control of the Ottoman Bank, control over imports and exports, control of the national budget, control over financial regulations, requests for loans and reform of the tax system. The Allies controlled even debt repayments. One of the terms of this was that only France, Italy and Great Britain could be debt bondholders. The Ottoman Empire was also forbidden from having any economic collaboration with Germany, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria and all the economic assets of these four states were liquidated within the Ottoman Empire.

The Treaty of Sèvres also gave the Allies the right to reform the electoral system of the Ottoman Empire.

Those deemed guilty of engaging in “barbarous warfare” were required to be handed over to the Allies...  (End excerpts)

5.   The Ottoman Empire had been expanding into Europe ever since Constantinople fell to the Turks.  Wherever the Muslim armies went, they plundered cities, took slaves, turned churches into mosques, and converted many thousands of Christian captives to Islam at the point of a sword.  They established the largest, most powerful, richest and most culturally diverse empire in Europe which lasted from the late 1300's until the end of the first world war - over half a millennium - 500 years.

The Sultan’s armies overran Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, and Serbia. They turned Protestant Hungary into a compliant vassal and made war repeatedly on Austria and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.However, their expansion into Europe was halted by their defeat in the Battle of Vienna on 11 September 1683.

The Treaty of Sèvres (10 August 1920) was the peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allies at the end of World War I.  The treaty imposed terms so severe that British policy seemed to have succeeded in strangling the sick man of Europe in his sick-bed in Asia Minor.

At the end of his chapter, on 'The Late Ottoman Empire', Feroz Ahmad writes: 'Overall, however, the Ottoman-Turkish experience with Europe was a bitter one and it has left deep scars on the Turkish psyche. Its memory continues to haunt the Turkish people to this day.'  The Ottoman government's decision to enter the First World War led directly to the destruction of the empire, the division of the Middle East into the states which exist today.

Prior to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Turks were looking at the west as they expanded into Europe.  After the collapse of their empire, they began to turn back to the east, taking an increasing interest in Central Asia.  Scientists have claimed that chickens (including turkeys) have descended from dinosaurs through a series of genetic changes.  Using it as an analogy, the once powerful Ottoman Empire which nearly conquered the whole of Europe had shrunken into a much smaller territory called Turkey.

Perhaps feeling the insecurity of being surrounded by the Arabs, Iranians, Kurds, Jews, Greeks, Armenians and other Europeans, they began to identify themselves with the people of Central Asia.  Some Turkish groups have invented all sorts of fairy tales as a means to satisfy their wounded pride, claiming that Genghis Khan, Attila, Huns, Xiongnu and the Mongols were all Turks like themselves.  In the present days, they take an increasing interest in the Uighurs, claiming them as their own people.  Such development does not forebode well for Sino-Turkey relations for a long time to come.
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Post time 2015-7-10 09:22:01 |Display all floors
6.  Turkey, the US, some international organisations and so-called human rights groups condemn Thailand for the deportation of illegal Uighur immigrants on humanitarian ground.  Their condemnation smacks of hypocrisy.  In addition, Turkey claims that it sympathises with the Uighurs on religious ground.  Well, why don't Turkey, the US, those international organisations and so-called human rights groups do something concrete to help the Rohingyas of Myanmar, the  refugees of Libya and the Bangladeshis who are all drifting on the high seas?  If the US and Turkey are really sincere in helping the Uighurs and all other refugees for humanitarian or religious reasons, are they ready to accept the unlimited influx of immigrants, legal or illegal, into their lands?
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Post time 2015-7-10 16:10:40 |Display all floors
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Post time 2015-7-11 09:14:45 |Display all floors
jordan_c_fan Post time: 2015-7-10 16:10
Ornamental Dinosaurs look like turkeys after their heads are severed.

Well said.  Their back parts should be severed too.  
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