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how do you understand these phrases and proverbs? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2004-7-3 10:14:28 |Display all floors
1.to entertain an angel unawares
2.to vest sb. with authority
3.to give sb. the bag
4.have dust in the eyes
5.sport new dogs
6.temper justice with mercy
7.learn the bad way
8.cross the cudgels
9.Like to like
10.The shortest way round is the longest way home.
11.Providence is always on the side of the big battalions.

    by the way,who can recommend me any books related with such difficult points.i can't find the answer in the ordinary dictionary.THX!

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Post time 2004-7-3 11:54:25 |Display all floors

To cross the cudgels

cudgel (n): A short heavy stick; a club.

To cross the cudgels: to give up the contest; -- a phrase borrowed from the practice of cudgel players, who lay one cudgel over another when the contest is ended.

Try this site:
http://dictionary.reference.com

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Post time 2004-7-3 12:05:28 |Display all floors

To entertain an angel unawares. 有眼不识泰山

Explanation: to receive a talented  person as a guest without knowing their merits.

Example: In the course of evening, someone informed her that she was entertaining an angel unawares, in the form of a composer of great  promise.

http://www.cssc-cul.org.cn/content.php?table=qingchun&msgid=200

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Post time 2004-7-3 18:43:21 |Display all floors

Some of these are familiar to me, others aren't.

2.to vest sb. with authority
    "To vest with authorty" is to grant or assign authority.

4.have dust in the eyes
     I haven't heard this before, but it sounds like to not see clearly.

6.temper justice with mercy
     This means to show mercy in addition to punishing.  It may be said by those who advocate mercy or by those who seek to gain the political support of the judged, or the supporters of the judged.  

7.learn the bad way
    To learn in a costly way, like learning a new medicinal cure doesn't work only after buying it.

11.Providence is always on the side of the big battalions.
    Usually said as "God is on the side of the big battalions."  It literally means God favors the stronger army in a fight, but it also mocks war because each side will often claim the same God support their fight.

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Post time 2004-7-4 03:35:00 |Display all floors

Idiom: "leave you holding the bag"

"leave you holding the bag": leave you to do the work or finish a difficult job        

Example: "He left me holding the bag. I had to finish the work by myself."

http://home.t-online.de/home/toni.goeller/idiom_wm/index.htm

Cheers!

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Post time 2004-7-4 19:42:42 |Display all floors

THX

Thank you for your answers ,esp those magnificent web.Even though I can't find answers to all the questions .anyway,THX.

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Post time 2004-7-5 03:09:43 |Display all floors

"The shortest way round is the longest way home"

". . . How easy to get lost in the woods. The subject is fruitful of reminiscences. One said, "I entered the woods once with a man who had been much in them, intending to shorten the way by so doing to a point beyond them, and illustrated the proverb: 'The shortest way round is the longest way home,' for after a walk in defined paths for 18 minutes we came out of the woods exactly where we went in."

http://mtmoosilauke.com/gettinglost.html

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