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How to Use the “verb + 上(shàng)” Pattern in Chinese

Viewed 4431 times 2012-7-10 09:58 |Personal category:Chinese Learning| learn chinese online

 

 

Learn Chinese online -  How to use the pattern  “verb + (shàng)”?

 

 

 “verb + (shàng)” can indicates:

 

1.        The direction:
E.g.
  他跑上楼了(tā pǎo shàng lóu le) He ran upstairs.
          
我们慢慢爬上了山(wǒ men màn màn pá shàng le shān) We slowly climbed the mountain.
          
她把衣服挂上了(tā bǎ yī fu guà shàng le) She hung up the clothes.

2.        The result:
E.g.
他喜欢上了这个地方(tā xǐ huan shàng le zhè ge dì fāng) / 女孩(nǚ hái) He fell in love with this place / girl.
         
我们住上了新房(wǒ men zhù shàng le xīn fáng) We moved into the new house and lived there.
         
我表弟考上了大学(wǒ biǎo dì kǎo shàng le dà xué) My cousin was admitted to the university.

3.        The beginning and continuance of something:
E.g.
老师刚说完(lǎo shī gāng shuō wán),同学们就议论上了(tóng xué men jiù yì lùn shàng le)
           As soon as the teacher finished his speaking, the students began to talk about it.
        
他们俩第一次见面(tā men liǎng dì yī cì jiàn miàn)就开心地聊上了(jiù kāi xīn de liáo shàng le)
           They talked happily with each other when they first met.
        
洗完衣服,她又做上晚饭了(xǐ wán yī fu, tā yòu zuò shàng wǎn fàn le)
          After laundry, she began to cook the dinner.

4.        Add:
E.g.
穿上衣服(chuān shàng yī fu): put clothes on
        
戴上手套(dài shang shǒu tào): put the gloves on
        
戴上戒指(dài shang jiè zhi): put the ring on   
         
穿上袜子(chuān shàng wà zi): put the socks on
- All these can be seen as adding the clothes / gloves / rings/ socks to someone.

         把空填上 (bǎ kòng tián shàng): fill in the blanks

- Add something to the blanks.

        
五加上十(wǔ jiā shàng shí): Add ten to five
   
5.        Close:
E.g.
请把门关上(qǐng bǎ mén guān shàng) Please close the door.
      
请大家把书合上(qǐng dà jiā bǎ shū hé shàng)Close your book, please.
      
把嘴闭上(bǎ zuǐ bì shàng) Close your mouth.

 

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  • Daily Expressions Mothers Use to Their Children (II) 2013-1-17 12:40

    Thanks for your attention. Well, I'm totally aware of the difference between "妈妈" and "麻麻". Coz someone told me that 麻麻 is hot now. It is a cute way to say 妈妈, you know, as if a baby is calling "mama".

  • Daily Expressions Mothers Use to Their Children (II) 2013-1-13 16:56

    >>麻麻的宝贝(má má de bǎo bèi)是世界上最乖的宝贝(shì shì jiè shàng zuì guāi de bǎo bèi)。
    是“妈妈的宝贝”,不是“麻麻的宝贝”, :)

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