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The Beijing Subway is a rapid transit rail network that serves the urban and suburban districts of Beijing municipality. |
The subway is owned by the city of Beijing and has two operators, the wholly state-owned Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., which operates 14 lines, and the Beijing MTR Corp., a public-private joint venture with the Hong Kong MTR, which manages the other three lines.
The subway is the oldest metro system in mainland China.
The first line opened in 1969, and it has grown to 17 lines, 232 stations and 465 km (289 mi) of track in operation, making it the third longest subway system in the world after Seoul and Shanghai.
The subway ranked second in the world in annual ridership after Seoul, with 3.209 billion trips delivered in 2013.
With an average ridership of 9.7508 million and an average weekday ridership of over 10 million, the Beijing Subway set a single-day ridership record of 11.2414 million passengers on April 4, 2014.
The subway has undergone rapid expansion since 2002, as only two of the 17 current lines were in service before then.
The most recent expansion came into effect on December 28, 2013 with the opening of two sections on Line 8.
The existing network still cannot adequately meet the city's mass transit needs and extensive expansion plans call for 19 lines and over 708 km (440 mi) of track in operation by 2015 and 1,050 km (650 mi) of track by 2020.