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US Is an Oligarchy Not a Democracy, says Scientific Study [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2014-4-15 21:15:28 |Display all floors

That's rather mild!

If anything, the United States political system is one huge joke!!!


US Is an Oligarchy Not a Democracy, says Scientific Study

April 14, 2014

In America, money talks... and democracy dies under its crushing weight. (Photo: Shutterstock)A study, to appear in the Fall 2014 issue of the academic journal Perspectives on Politics, finds that the U.S. is no democracy, but instead an oligarchy, meaning profoundly corrupt, so that the answer to the study’s opening question, "Who governs? Who really rules?" in this country, is:  

"Despite the seemingly strong empirical support in previous studies for theories of majoritarian democracy, our analyses suggest that majorities of the American public actually have little influence over the policies our government adopts. Americans do enjoy many features central to democratic governance, such as regular elections, freedom of speech and association, and a widespread (if still contested) franchise. But, ..." and then they go on to say, it's not true, and that, "America's claims to being a democratic society are seriously threatened" by the findings in this, the first-ever comprehensive scientific study of the subject, which shows that there is instead "the nearly total failure of 'median voter' and other Majoritarian Electoral Democracy theories [of America]. When the preferences of economic elites and the stands of organized interest groups are controlled for, the preferences of the average American appear to have only a minuscule, near-zero, statistically non-significant impact upon public policy."

To put it short: The United States is no democracy, but actually an oligarchy.

The authors of this historically important study are Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page, and their article is titled "Testing Theories of American Politics." The authors clarify that the data available are probably under-representing the actual extent of control of the U.S. by the super-rich:

Economic Elite Domination theories do rather well in our analysis, even though our findings probably understate the political influence of elites. Our measure of the preferences of wealthy or elite Americans – though useful, and the best we could generate for a large set of policy cases – is probably less consistent with the relevant preferences than are our measures of the views of ordinary citizens or the alignments of engaged interest groups. Yet we found substantial estimated effects even when using this imperfect measure. The real-world impact of elites upon public policy may be still greater.

Nonetheless, this is the first-ever scientific study of the question of whether the U.S. is a democracy. "Until recently it has not been possible to test these contrasting theoretical predictions [that U.S. policymaking operates as a democracy, versus as an oligarchy, versus as some mixture of the two] against each other within a single statistical model. This paper reports on an effort to do so, using a unique data set that includes measures of the key variables for 1,779 policy issues." That’s an enormous number of policy-issues studied.

What the authors are able to find, despite the deficiencies of the data, is important: the first-ever scientific analysis of whether the U.S. is a democracy, or is instead an oligarchy, or some combination of the two. The clear finding is that the U.S. is an oligarchy, no democratic country, at all. American democracy is a sham, no matter how much it's pumped by the oligarchs who run the country (and who control the nation's "news" media). The U.S., in other words, is basically similar to Russia or most other dubious "electoral" "democratic" countries. We weren't formerly, but we clearly are now. Today, after this exhaustive analysis of the data, “the preferences of the average American appear to have only a minuscule, near-zero, statistically non-significant impact upon public policy.” That's it, in a nutshell.

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Post time 2014-4-18 19:16:55 |Display all floors

Yes, We Have No Democracy

Josh Mitteldorf

Thom Hartmann has it right:  Government in the USA is no longer responsive to the will of the people.  But his focus on money in politics is misdirected, distracting attention from factors that are more important, more shocking, less discussed.  There are six ways in which our democracy has been sabotaged, and only two of them can be discussed in polite society.   The most-discussed and least controversial one is the focus of Hartmann’s article.

The six factors:
Media consolidation / press censorship
Secrecy in government
Assassination of charismatic populist leaders
Direct, electronic corruption of the vote count
Restricted access to the polls
Money in politics

Perhaps there is no need to point out that all six pull in the same direction, that is, to the right.

away from populism, toward concentration of power
away from wealth distribution, toward wealth accumulation
away from equality , toward privilege
away from human rights and freedoms, toward repression
away from corporate responsibility, toward corporate license
away from cooperation, toward competition, toward dominance
away from peace, toward war

Without these six factors, America would be a very different place indeed, politically and in every other way.  In fact, the two political parties are both to the right of the American people, and far to the right of where American popular opinion would be if we all knew the truth about war and the truth about what goes on in Washington.

In reverse order:

6.   Money in politics.  The most discussed and least controversial of the six.  Hartmann has done a great job with this one, and I will say no more.  But this story is not as important as the others.  Money generally makes only a marginal difference in electoral outcomes, as politial advertising never sways more than a few percent of voters; and there are steeply diminishing returns when saturtion ad campaignis are re-intensified.

5.   Restricted access to the polls.  This, too, has been covered in the media.  Voting rates among minorities and poor people and students and people with disabilities are way below voting rates in the Republican suburbs.  It is easy to see that this is by design of the Republicans, who have played dirty tricks, propagated disinformation, and promoted fraudulent legislation to keep Democratic demographics from the polls.  What is harder to see is why the Democrats have so frequently gone along with this plan.  Not since the LBJ era have Democrats aggressively pursued expansion of the franchise as a way to establish and maintain their majority.

4. Direct, electronic corruption of the vote count.  This is the crudest, the most overtly criminal of the six factors.  There has always been vote theft in America, but until the introduction of electronic voting, it was labor-intensive and local.  Ballot-box stuffing was practiced by both parties, and had to be organized at the local level.  Since about 2000, it has become easy to steal elections remotely, efficiently, with only a few people privy to what has happened.  This new era in vote theft has been almost exclusively a province of the Republicans.  In a few extreme cases, huge chunks of votes have been switched to alter the course of an election, as with Diebold’s Rob Georgia campaign in 2002, and the 2010 nomination of Alvyn Greene for Senator from South Carolina.  Far more commonly, close races have been altered by shifting a few percent of the vote from D to R.  (Ron Paul and Howard Dean also lost their presidential primary bids to corrupted elections.)  This process has become institutionalized and now constitutes a thumb on the scales of American democracy.  We know this primarily from election statistics, but there have also been a few cases where electronic vote theft was documented firsthand, with direct, physical evidence.  The 2004 Presidential race in Ohio and the Florida Congressional district that whistleblower Clint Curtis was hired to fix are prominent examples.

There is a blackout in mainstream American news channels on the topic.  Thom Hartmann covered electronic vote theft in 2005, when his operation was smaller and more independent.  Now he won’t touch the issue.  You can read more about electronic election theft at these web sites:

Vote Scam, (a classic book )
Black Box Voting
Election Defense Alliance
Election Integrity
The Free Press elections page
Brad Friedman Blog

3.  Assassination of populist political leaders.    The stories we hear are about the “lone nutcase” who got lucky with his gun, or a mysterious plane crash.  Monuments and public buildings are named for these heros, after they are taken out of commission because the CIA has deemed too dangerous to the direction of American politics.   Huey Long .  John F Kennedy, Robert Kennedy and possibly John, Jr.  Martin Luther King.  Malcolm X.  John Lennon.  Paul Wellstone.

Don Siegelman and Eliot Spitzer escaped with their lives, but were politically neutralized by trumped-up “scandal”.

2.  Secrecy in Government.  When elected officials live in glass boxes and ordinary citizens are secure in their privacy, then we have democracy.  But when the government knows everything about the private lives of individuals while the people know about their elected representatives only what those representatives want them to hear – then we have a self-perpetuating totalitarian state.  Thus “terrorism” has been used as an excuse to shield the Bush and Obama Administrations from public scrutiny.  The Bush White House was the most secretive in the history of the United States – until Obama took office.  No one doubts that legitimate secrecy has been stretched to shield the wrongdoing of people in office and their supporters in Federal agencies and in private contractors.  But the truth is actually far more radical:  Almost none of the secrecy serves a legitimate purpose in deterring attacks on Americans.  Rather it serves to cover up wrongdoing.  “Terrorism” did not arise on its own, but was invented as an excuse for war and repression, which the American people would never have tolerated had they not been by real actions and by propaganda campaigns.

1. Media consolidation / press censorship.   Gone are investigative reporters.  Gone are local TV and radio stations that responded to local constituencies and were uniquely familiar with issues and government officials in a particular locale.

“In 1983, 50 corporations controlled the vast majority of all news media in the U.S.

in 2000, the number had fallen to six. Since then, there have been more mergers and the scope has expanded to include new media like the Internet market. More than 1 in 4 Internet users in the U.S. now log in with AOL Time-Warner, the world’s largest media corporation.

In 2004, Bagdikian’s revised and expanded book, The New Media Monopoly, shows that only 5 huge corporations — Time Warner, Disney, Murdoch’s News Corporation, Bertelsmann of Germany, and Viacom (formerly CBS) — now control most of the media industry in the U.S.General Electric’s NBC is a close sixth.”  (from E Pluribus Media)

Thomas Jefferson once said

“Where the press is free and every man able to read, all is safe.”

“If once the people become inattentive to the public affairs, you and I, and Congress and Assemblies, Judges and Governors, shall all become wolves. It seems to be the law of our general nature, in spite of individual exceptions.”

“Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.”

Jefferson was right.  If we don’t know what is going on, we can’t change it no-how.  And if we do know, then there is no government repressive enough to hold us back.  We need a press that is aggressive, diverse, and uncompromising in its pursuit of truth.  This is the most important factor for the restoration of democracy in America.

There is a great deal of self-censorship in the press.  Most journalists know their place, understand the limits of what can be discussed.  It is rarely necessary to teach them a lesson.  Just a few examples need to be set for all the rest to get the message.

Rosie O’Donnell disappeared from TV the day she asked questions about 9/11.  Veteran Dan Rather was dismissed from CBS before he could expose unsavory details of George W Bush’s past.   Gary Webb was dismissed from the San Jose Mercury-News, then assassinated for coming too close to the truth about the CIA and the drug trade.  We may never know what story Michael Hastings was chasing when he was murdered.  Wikileaks represents an entire genre of journalism held hostage in a London embassy compound.

Without investigative journalism, democracy doesn’t have a chance.  That’s why the rise of dispersed, crowd-sourced reporting on the web is the most hopeful development in American politics of the last half century.

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -

The “lone nut” story would be an easy sell to the press and to the public in the case of our first African-American President.  If a “security breach” should occur, who would dare question it?  Mr Obama gives every indication he knows just how vulnerable he is.

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