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Erasing old Beijing- a city memory [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2014-4-9 23:40:59 |Display all floors
This post was edited by lt1322min at 2014-4-10 02:20

Beijing is a glamorous city with a long history of more than 2,900 years. As China's political, cultural and educational center, Beijing is a rapidly developing metropolis experiencing various changes over its long course of history.



It is both a tribute to China's proud history and a gateway to China's future. Beijing's revolution represents China's changes. Wars didn't alter the outlook of Beijing too much, but this ancient city has undergone great changes after the founding of new China.


The unfolding transformation is shocking when comparing the contemporary metropolis with early photographs of the Chinese capital.



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The most celebrated of all Beijing's predecessors was Dadu (Grand Capital), of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty, praised by Marco Polo as 'standing truly unparalleled among the cities of the World'. During Ming Dynasty, the landscape of Beijing gradually came into being, including the Forbidden City inside the Imperial City, as well as the Inner and Outer Cities.

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Dadu is considered by many to be closest to the ideal of a traditional Chinese capital, but one which included many new innovations, especially in the landscaping of the inner imperial city. Hutong and quadrangle courtyards were the most typical buildings at that time.

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The Qing largely retained the physical configuration of Beijing inside the city walls. Each of the Eight Manchu Banners was assigned to guard and live near the eight gates of the Inner City.

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Dadu's design followed several rules from the book Rites of Zhou including "palaces in the front, markets in the rear"; but during Ming Dynasty, the pattern was broken and a large business area was formed near the Zhengyangmen.

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This post was edited by lt1322min at 2014-4-10 03:19



The city was laid out on the symbolic north-south axis and fortified by a city wall with 11 gates or men that served as a physical barrier for capping urban sprawl, the land located beyond the wall remaining relatively non-urbanized until 1949.

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In 1900, the Eight-Nation Alliance invaded and looted Beijing, causing the greatest damage to the city.

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