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研究:姓氏可影响职业选择 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-12-21 16:27:00 |Display all floors

A person’s surname can influence their choice of career, experts believe.

Scientists are exploring the theory that people are drawn to certain trades and professions based on the connotations of their surnames.

The phenomenon can be observed among famous figures such as the World champion sprinter Usain Bolt or the 18th century poet William Wordsworth.
这一现象可以从一些名人身上观察到,如世界短跑冠军尤塞恩 博尔特和18世纪的诗人威廉 华兹华斯。

However, serious research is now being dedicated to the concept – known as nominative determinism – to explain why it occurs.

New Scientistmagazine coined the term after observing that the subject matter of a series of science books and articles bore relevance to the authors’ surnames.

John Hoyland, the magazine’s feedback editor, said: “A reader wrote in to tell me that they’d come acrossa paper on incontinence in the British Journal of Urologywhich was written by J W Splatt and D Weedon.
杂志的反馈报告编辑约翰 霍伊兰德说:“一个读者写信到杂志来告诉我,他们在《英国泌尿学杂志》上看见了一篇有关大小便失禁的论文,作者是J W Splatt(与‘溅泼’splatter相近)和D Weedon(与‘撒尿’wee相近)。

“I had noticed, as it happens, on the same day in the office, a book on the arctic called Pole Positions: The Polar Regions and the Future of the Planet, by Daniel Snowman.
“碰巧的是,就在同一天上班期间,我注意到一本关于北极的书《极地位置:极地地区和地球的未来》作者是丹尼尔 斯诺曼(雪人)。

“These two things went together in my mind and I thought there’s something going on here.”

Research is now being undertaken in search of an explanation for the phenomenon. A paper in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychologyhas concluded that people are disproportionately likely to “choose careers whose labels resemble their names”.

The paper entitled Why Susie Sells Seashells by the Seashore: ImplicitEgotismand Major Life Decisionscites the disproportionate number of dentists called Denise or Dennis as an example of the trend.

Authors Brett Pelham, Matthew Mirenberg and John Jones concluded that the phenomenon occurs because people “prefer things that are connected to the self (for example, the letters in one`s name)”.
该论文的作者布雷特 佩尔汉姆、马修 麦仁伯格和约翰 琼斯得出结论说,发生这一现象是因为人们“偏爱那些和自身(如自己名字中的字母)有关的事物”。


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