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Our Beloved Premier Zhou [Copy link] 中文

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Medal Medal of honor Gold Medal July's Best Writer 2012 October's Best Writer 2012

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Zhou Enlai  ...........    January 76

Zhu De  ..........    July 76

Mao Tsetung .......  September 76

1976 a year that has a lot to remember it for  ...........      !

There are some great anecdotes about Zhou and his meetings with people like Dulles  ........   

What the world needs is more geniuses with humility, there are so few of us left  -   Oscar Levant

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                 TRULY A GREAT MAN IN HISTORY    CH1_1.jpg

Zhou  Enlai (Wade-Giles: Chou Enlai) (March 5, 1898 – January 8, 1976), a prominent  Communist Party of China leader, was Premier of the People’s Republic of  China from 1949 until his death.


Zhou Enlai was born in Huai An, Jiangshu  Province. His family, although of the education scholar class, was not well  off. Zhou Enlai was the eldest son and eldest grandson of the Zhou family.  Enlai was an orphan at the age of ten. At the age of twelve Enlai was  enrolled in the Tang Guan model school that taught “new learning”, where  Enlai learned about freedom, democracy and the American and French  revolutions.


In  1913, at the age of fifteen, Enlai graduated from Tong Guan and  in September of that year he was enrolled in the Nankai School,  located in Tianjin.


Throughout  the period of his schooling China was in great turmoil. Zhou could see that  China was being ruined by foreign intervention. He shared in the wrath, the  protest, and the indignation at the plight of China.



The  next step in Zhou’s education was to attend university in Tokyo. His goal was  to become a teacher so that he could have influence on the youth of China.  But in early May 1919, dejected and without completing his education, he left  Japan. Zhou arrived in Tianjin on May 9th, in time to take part in the  momentous May Fourth Movement of 1919.



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This post was edited by honkam at 2012-11-27 03:16

        Zhou        first came to national prominence as an activist during the May Fourth        Movement. He had enrolled as a student in the literature department of        Nankai University, which enabled him to visit the campus, but he never        attended classes. He became one of the organizers of the Tianjin        Students Union, whose avowed aim was “to struggle against the warloads        and against imperialism, and to save China from extinction.” Zhou        became the editor of the student union’s newspaper, Tianjin Student.                
        In        September, he founded the Awareness Society with twelve men and eight        women. Fifteen year old Deng Yingchao, Enlai’s future wife, was one of        the founding female members. Zhou was instrumental in the merger        between the all male Tianjin Students Union and the all female Women’s        Patriotic Association.
                 in        January 1920, the police raided the printing press and arrested several        members of the awareness Society. Enlai led a group of students to        protest the arrests, and was himself arrested along with 28 others.        After the trial in July, they were found guilty of a minor offence and        released. An attempt was made by the comrade to induct Zhou into the        Communist Party of China, but although he was studying Marxism he        remained uncommitted. Instead of being selected to go to Moscow for        training, he was chosen to go to France as a student organizer. Deng        Yingchao was left in charge of the Awareness Society in his absence.                 



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The European Years



On      November 7, 1920, Zhou Enlai and 196 other Chinese students      sailed from Shanghai for Marseilles, France. At Marseilles they were met      by a member of the Sino-French Education Committee and boarded      a train to Paris. Almost as soon as he arrived Zhou became embroiled in a      wrangle between the students and the education authorities running the      “work and study” program. Zhou traveled to Britain in January; he applied      for and was accepted as a student at Edinburgh University.


But      the university term didn’t start until October so he returned to France,      moving in with Liu Tsingyang and Zhang Shenfu, who were      setting up a Communist cell. Zhou joined the group and was entrusted with      political and organizational work. There were 2000 Chinese students in      France, some 200 each in Belgium and England and between 300 and 400 in      Germany.


For the next four years Zhou was the chief      recruiter, organizer and coordinator of activities of the Socialist Youth      League.


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The First United Front



In      January, 1924, Sun Yat-sen had officially proclaimed an alliance between      the Kuomintang and the Communists, and a plan for a military expedition      to unify China and destroy the warlords. In October, shortly after he      arrived back from Europe, Zhou Enlai was appointed director of the      political department at the Whampoa Military Academy in Guangzhou.


Zhou      soon realized the Kuomintang was riddled with intrigue. The powerful      right wing of the Kuomintang was bitterly opposed to the Communist      alliance. Zhou was convinced that the CCP, in order tot survive must have      an army of its own. He and his friend Nie Rongzhen set about to organize      a nucleus of officer cadets who were CCP members and who would follow the      principles of Marx.


On      august 8, 1925, he and Deng Yingchao were finally married. The couple      remained childless, but adopted many orphaned children of “revolutionary      martyrs”.


After      Sun’s death the Kuomintang was run by a triumvirate composed of Chiang      Kai-shek. In 1926, a state of emergency was declared and curfews were      imposed. Zhou had just returned from Shantou and was also detained for 48      hours. On his release he confronted Chiang and accused him of undermining      the United Front but failed. Chiang then dismissed all the CCP officers      from the First Army. Zhou Enlai was relieved of all his duties associated      with the First United front, effectively giving complete control of the      United Front to Chiang Kai-shek.


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This post was edited by honkam at 2012-11-27 03:17

In 1949, with the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, Zhou assumed the role of Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs. In June 1953, he made the five declarations for peach. He headed the Communist Chinese delegation to the Geneva Conference and to the Bandung Conference (1955). In 1958, the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs was passed to Chen Yi  but Zhou remained Prime Minister until his death in 1976.
Known as an able diplomat, Zhou was largely responsible for the reestablishment of contacts with the West in the early 1970s. He welcomed US President Richard Nixon to China in February 1972, and signed the Shanghai Communiqué.
Discovering he had cancer, he began to pass many of his responsibilities onto Deng Xiaoping. During the late stages of the Cultural Revolution, Zhou was the target of the Gang of Four’s political campaigns.
Many Chinese youths view him as their political idol. Some scholars even believe that Zhou’s influences on Chinese youths are even greater than the most famous Chinese leader, Mao. However, there is no doubt that he was fundamentally a believer in the Communist ideal on which modern China was founded.


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