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外语该怎样学 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-7-19 13:57:11 |Display all floors
This post was edited by haishiwo at 2012-7-19 13:59

How to Learn a Foreign Language

以下这些指导方针应该严格遵守,即便你在参加语言学习的课程。


Note: These guidelines should be rigorously followed, even if you are taking a language course.

1.一定要花时间!

  学习外语,最重要的一点是用多少时间来学外语。用的时间越多,学得就越快。这意味着你要用尽量多的时间去听、读、写、说和学习词汇及短语,而不是在教室里看着窗外,或者听班里的其他学生说些不伦不类的外语,或者听老师用自己的语言讲解外语的规则。用自己喜欢的方式学外语,因为这样你才愿意花更多的时间去学。


1) Spend the time!
By far the most important factor is how much time you are immersed in the language. The more time you spend with the language, the faster you will learn. This means listening, reading, writing, speaking, and studying words and phrases. This does not mean sitting in class looking out the window, nor listening to other students who do not speak well, nor getting explanations in your own language about how the language works. This means spending time enjoyably connected to the language you are learning.

2.听和读要每天坚持!

  随时随地用你的MP3来听外语,并且阅读你听过的东西。不管是听还是读都要选择自己喜欢的语言材料,选择那些你能基本理解或者部分理解的材料。只要你坚持听和读,你就会习惯于这种语言。听或者读一小时胜过花在课堂上的很多小时。


2) Listen and read every day!
Listen wherever you are on your MP3 player. Read what you are listening to. Listen to and read things that you like, things that you can mostly understand, or even partly understand. If you keep listening and reading you will get used to the language. One hour of listening or reading is more effective than many hours of class time.

3.关注单词和短语!

  不断扩大词汇量,掌握一门外语需要大量的词汇。留意单词的用法,以及它们是怎样组成短语的。通过听和读来掌握这些单词。最好是在线阅读,使用在线词典,制作自己的词汇表以便复习。不久你就会在其他语言材料中再次碰到你刚学会的生词,见得多了就慢慢地会用了。在通过听和读积累了大量的词汇之前,先不用为你的口语如何而费心。


3) Focus on words and phrases!
Build up your vocabulary, you’ll need lots. Start to notice words and how they come together as phrases. Learn these words and phrases through your listening and reading. Read online, using online dictionaries, and make your own vocabulary lists for review. Soon you will run into your new words and phrases elsewhere. Gradually you will be able to use them. Do not worry about how accurately you speak until you have accumulated a plenty of words through listening and reading.


4.做一个为自己负责的学习者!

  如果你不想学,你就不会去学。如果你的确想学的话,那么要掌控自己的学习。选择那些你感兴趣的语言材料,那些你想听、想读的材料。把那些在你听或者读的过程中用得着的单词和短语记下来。不要等着别人告诉你学些什么,或者怎样去学。要自己去发现,就像一个成长中的孩子那样。想用外语说的时候就说,想用外语写的时候就写。教师不能教你怎样把外语用得灵活自如,但你自己可以学会怎样变得流利——如果你有这种意愿的话。


4) Take responsibility for your own learning!
If you do not want to learn the language, you won’t. If you do want to learn the language, take control. Choose content of interest, that you want to listen to and read. Seek out the words and phrases that you need to understand your listening and reading. Do not wait for someone else to show you the language, nor to tell you what to do. Discover the language by yourself, like a child growing up. Talk when you feel like it. Write when you feel like it. A teacher cannot teach you to become fluent, but you can learn to become fluent if you want to.


5.放松并且让自己乐在其中!

  不要担心你记不住或者还理解不了,也不要担心你还不会说。这些都没关系。只要你在学,你就在不断进步。你所想的语言会逐渐在你的头脑中变得清晰,但这需要一个循序渐进的过程,而这不是你所能左右的。所以,舒舒服服地坐下来,享受学习外语的快乐。只要保证自己每天话足够多的时间泡在外语中就行了。这是成功的最大保证。


5) Relax and enjoy yourself!
Do not worry about what you cannot remember, or cannot yet understand, or cannot yet say. It does not matter. You are learning and improving. The language will gradually become clearer in your brain, but this will happen on a schedule that you cannot control. So sit back and enjoy. Just make sure you spend enough time with the language. That is the greatest guarantee of success.


Source: pickthebrain.com 译言网

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Post time 2012-7-20 22:52:42 |Display all floors
As a student.I'm fond of English,but the grades is not very well.

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Post time 2012-7-21 06:32:45 |Display all floors
This post was edited by icookenglish at 2012-7-21 06:51

How one approaches a foreign language depends very  much on what age s/he starts learning it.  For adults, it works to your advantage not to follow the classroom teaching method.

It all starts from the sound of the foreign language.  Understand the alphabets of the language and learn pronunciation techniques.  Then listen to basic conversations.   Pick up some articles in the new foreign language and try to understand it using a translation engine.  Appreciate how individual words are put together to make a sentence.

Listen to music and radio broadcasts of your target language so you grow a feel in that language.

Above all other factors, an intense interest is the driving force that make success imminently within reach.
Walk before you run; write before you talk.

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Post time 2012-7-23 11:27:00 |Display all floors
Good

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