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英语口语学习的5条黄金准则 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-7-6 13:24:48 |Display all floors

英语口语学习的5条黄金准则

1.不要学习太多语法

对很多英语学员来说,这条准则可能有些奇怪,但这却是英语口语学习最重要的准则之一。如果你只是想通过英语考试,那就学习语法吧。但是,如果你是想流利地说英语,那你应该尝试摒弃语法来学习英语。

学习语法只会拖慢你的学习进程,而且会让你越发困惑。在你说英语的时候,你就不能像英语母语人士一样自然地说,而是老想着那些语法。请记住,即使是英语母语人士,也只有一小部分人知道20%的语法。以我的经验来说,我可以很肯定地告诉你,很多英语为第二语言的学生知道的语法比英语母语人士还多。我的母语是英语,我主修的专业是英语文学,教英语也有10多年了。但是,我的很多学生知道的语法规则比我还多。

我有些朋友的母语也是英语,我经常向他们请教一些语法问题,但是只有小部分人都给出正确答案。但是,他们能非常流利听、说、读和交流。

那么,你到底是想知道一个使役动词的用法和定义?还是想流利地说英语呢?

2.学习短语代替背诵词汇

很多学生去背诵词汇,然后说英语的时候,试着把一些词拼凑在一起。有些学生知道非常多的单词,多到让我震惊,但是他们把这些词拼在一起组成的荒谬的句子也让我感到震惊。究其原因,他们背诵很多单词,却没有学习短语。当小孩学习一种语言时,他们是词和词组一起学习的。同样,你想学好英语,也要学习词组。

如果你知道1000个单词,你可能仍然说不出一句完整的句子。但如果你再多知道1个短语,你可以组成N个正确的句子。如果你知道100个短语,你自己都会感到惊讶,原来自己可以说这么多正确的句子。最后,当你知道1000个短语的时候,你就能流利地说英语了。

基本英语口语栏目,你可以用一个简单的短语造句。所以,不要再花那么长的时间去背单词了。把那些时间用来学习英语短语,你才是向流利英语迈进了一步。

当你想造一个英文句子时,不要翻译成你的母语再去造句。有时候语序可能完成不同,你如果先翻译成你的母语,那只会减慢速度,而且也会错误连篇。跟背单词不同,学习短语的句子能让你自然而然地说英语。

3.读和听是不够的,要把听到的说出来

不论学习什么语言,读、听和说都是最重要的,英语亦是如此。小孩子刚接触到一门语言时,是先学会说,然后变得流利地说,然后再开始读和写。因此,学习英语的正常顺序是:先听,再说,再读,最后才是写。

第一个问题

全世界的学校都是先教读,然后再是写、听、说,有没有觉得很奇怪?虽然与之前说的正常顺序不同,但主要是因为当你学习第二语言时,你要先能看懂材料,能够理解,才能学习。因此,即使正常顺序是听、说、读、写,对于英语为第二语言的学生来说,一般的学习顺序就是读、听、说和写了。

第二个问题

很多人能读能听,那是因为他们平时就只练了这个。为了能流利地说英语,你需要练习口语。不要只停留在听的部分,当你学习的时候,不要只是听,要把你听到的东西大声说出来,经常练习。要一直练习,直到你的大脑和口不需要费任何力气,你就说英语。只有这样做,你的英语口语才能变得流利。

4.浸泡式的学习环境

能说一口流利的英语,并不是聪明人的专利,任何人都可以。每个人都能说好至少一门语言,这是一个被世人证明的事实。不论你是聪明绝顶,还是资质平平,你都可以说好一门语言。

只有浸泡在语言环境中才能学好。你能说好你的母语,是因为你处于这样的环境,一直在听和说。你可能注意到,那些会说一口流利英语的人都是在英语口语学校学习的人。但是他们之所以能流利地说,并不只是因为参加了培训,而是因为他们处于一个用英语交流的语言环境中。

还有一些人,他们去国外进修,却还是没法流利地说英语。那是因为虽然他们去了一个全英文的环境,他们却在那边找到了老乡,就没有用英语交流了。

要学好英语口语,你不需要去任何地方。你只需要把自己浸泡在英语环境中。你可以和你的朋友约法三章,大家都只讲英语;你可以随身携带iPod,随时随地听英语。是的,你可能通过主动改变你的环境来达到你的目标。把自己浸入到一个英语环境中,那么你将会事半功倍。

即使你没有陪你说英语的朋友,你也可以经常听听MP3;可以看看美剧并跟读;还可以经常听听免费的外教口语课,把自己浸泡在英语环境中。

5.找对学习资料

有一种说法是“熟能生巧”,其实这是不正确的。坚持练习只会让你更加熟悉你所练习的东西。如果你练习的是错误的,那你只会更加习惯这种错误的表达。因此,确保自己找对了学习资料是非常重要的。

还有一个问题就是,我看到很多学生在学习新闻。但是,新闻里面的语言表达更加正式和官方,我们日常生活中并不常用。理解新闻内容确实很重要,但这是等你打好英语基础后再学习的高级英语课程。

和一个不是以英语为母语的人士学习英语,有优势也有劣势。你应该要了解这方面的优缺点。与一个不是以英语为母语的朋友练习英语,会有锻炼口语的效果。同时,你们也会相互受到激励,并能相互指出一些基本的错误。但是,当你们不知道正确的表达,或者有人使用了错误表达时,你们也会相互受到影响。所以,你还不如花些时间找到正确的学习资料,然后进行有效地练习。

简而言之,学习常用的英语,学习你依赖的资料,这才是正确的。

这些规则将会帮助你实现讲出一口流利英语的目的。

来源:译言网

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Post time 2012-7-6 13:33:55 |Display all floors
5 Speaking Rules you need to know!

1. Don't study grammar too much

This rule might sound strange to many ESL students, but it is one of the most important rules. If you want to pass examinations, then study grammar. However, if you want to become fluent in English, then you should try to learn English without studying the grammar.

Studying grammar will only slow you down and confuse you. You will think about the rules when creating sentences instead of naturally saying a sentence like a native. Remember that only a small fraction of English speakers know more than 20% of all the grammar rules. Many ESL students know more grammar than native speakers. I can confidently say this with experience. I am a native English speaker, majored in English Literature, and have been teaching English for more than 10 years. However, many of my students know more details about English grammar than I do. I can easily look up the definition and apply it, but I don't know it off the top of my head.

I often ask my native English friends some grammar questions, and only a few of them know the correct answer. However, they are fluent in English and can read, speak, listen, and communicate effectively.
Do you want to be able to recite the definition of a causative verb, or do you want to be able to speak English fluently?

2. Learn and study phrases

Many students learn vocabulary and try to put many words together to create a proper sentence. It amazes me how many words some of my students know, but they cannot create a proper sentence. The reason is because they didn't study phrases. When children learn a language, they learn both words and phrases together. Likewise, you need to study and learn phrases.

If you know 1000 words, you might not be able to say one correct sentence. But if you know 1 phrase, you can make hundreds of correct sentences. If you know 100 phrases, you will be surprised at how many correct sentences you will be able to say. Finally, when you know only a 1000 phrases, you will be almost a fluent English speaker.

The English Speaking Basics section is a great example of making numerous sentences with a single phrase. So don't spend hours and hours learning many different words. Use that time to study phrases instead and you will be closer to English fluency.

Don't translate

When you want to create an English sentence, do not translate the words from your Mother tongue. The order of words is probably completely different and you will be both slow and incorrect by doing this. Instead, learn phrases and sentences so you don't have to think about the words you are saying. It should be automatic.

Another problem with translating is that you will be trying to incorporate grammar rules that you have learned. Translating and thinking about the grammar to create English sentences is incorrect and should be avoided.

3. Reading and Listening is NOT enough. Practice Speaking what you hear!
Reading, listening, and speaking are the most important aspects of any language. The same is true for English. However, speaking is the only requirement to be fluent. It is normal for babies and children to learn speaking first, become fluent, then start reading, then writing. So the natural order is listening, speaking, reading, then writing.

First Problem

Isn't it strange that schools across the world teach reading first, then writing, then listening, and finally speaking? Although it is different, the main reason is because when you learn a second language, you need to read material to understand and learn it. So even though the natural order is listening, speaking, reading, then writing, the order for ESL students is reading, listening, speaking, then writing.


Second Problem

The reason many people can read and listen is because that's all they practice. But in order to speak English fluently, you need to practice speaking. Don't stop at the listening portion, and when you study, don't just listen. Speak out loud the material you are listening to and practice what you hear. Practice speaking out loud until your mouth and brain can do it without any effort. By doing so, you will be able to speak English fluently.


4. Submerge yourself

Being able to speak a language is not related to how smart you are. Anyone can learn how to speak any language. This is a proven fact by everyone in the world. Everyone can speak at least one language. Whether you are intelligent, or lacking some brain power, you are able to speak one language.

This was achieved by being around that language at all times. In your country, you hear and speak your language constantly. You will notice that many people who are good English speakers are the ones who studied in an English speaking school. They can speak English not because they went to an English speaking school, but because they had an environment where they can be around English speaking people constantly.

There are also some people who study abroad and learn very little. That is because they went to an English speaking school, but found friends from their own country and didn't practice English.

You don't have to go anywhere to become a fluent English speaker. You only need to surround yourself with English. You can do this by making rules with your existing friends that you will only speak English. You can also carry around an iPod and constantly listen to English sentences. As you can see, you can achieve results by changing what your surroundings are. Submerge yourself in English and you will learn several times faster.

TalkEnglish Offline Version is now ready for download. In this package, you can utilize over 8000 audio files to completely surround yourself in English. There are over 13.5 hours of audio files that are not available in the web form. All conversations and all sentences are included, so even if you don't have many English speaking friends, you can constantly surround yourself in English using your MP3 player. This package is available at the English Download page. Take advantage of this opportunity and start learning English faster.

5. Study correct material

A common phrase that is incorrect is, "Practice makes perfect." This is far from the truth. Practice only makes what you are practicing permanent. If you practice the incorrect sentence, you will have perfected saying the sentence incorrectly. Therefore, it is important that you study material that is commonly used by most people.

Another problem I see is that many students study the news. However, the language they speak is more formal and the content they use is more political and not used in regular life. It is important to understand what they are saying, but this is more of an advanced lesson that should be studied after learning the fundamental basics of English.

Studying English with a friend who is not a native English speaker is both good and bad. You should be aware of the pros and cons of speaking with a non native speaking friend. Practicing with a non native person will give you practice. You can also motivate each other and point out basic mistakes. But you might pick up bad habits from one another if you are not sure about what are correct and incorrect sentences. So use these practice times as a time period to practice the correct material you studied. Not to learn how to say a sentence.

In short, study English material that you can trust, that is commonly used, and that is correct.

Summary

These are the rules that will help you achieve your goal of speaking English fluently.

Source: talkenglish.com

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