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五一劳动节要到了,可是你知道它是怎么来的吗? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-4-25 11:31:57 |Display all floors
This post was edited by RabbiMoMo at 2012-4-25 11:33

       【摘要】五一节马上就要到了,大家已经迫不及待地要规划自己的假期计划了,可是,你知道五一节是怎么来的吗?

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         International Workers' Day (also known as May 1, Labor Day) is a national holiday in more than 80 countries. It is also celebrated unofficially in many other countries.

    国际劳动节又称五一国际劳动节劳动节,是世界上大多数国家的劳动节。


History/由来

          International Workers' Day is the commemoration of the 1886 Haymarket Massacre in Chicago, when, after an unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at police as they dispersed a public meeting, Chicago police fired on workers during a general strike for the eight hour workday, killing several demonstrators and resulting in the deaths of several police officers, largely from friendly fire.


    188651日,以美国芝加哥为中心,在美国举行了约35万人参加的大规模罢工和示威游行,示威者要求改善劳动条件,实行八小时工作制。53日芝加哥政府出动警察进行镇压,开枪打死两人,事态扩大,54日罢工工人在干草市场广场举行抗议,由于不明身份者向警察投掷炸弹,最终警察开枪,先后共有4位工人、7位警察死亡,史称干草市场暴乱Haymarket Riot)或干草市场屠杀Haymarket Massacre)。


         In 1889, the first congress of the Second International, meeting in Paris for the centennial of the French Revolution and the Exposition Universelle, following a proposal by Raymond Lavigne, called for international demonstrations on the 1890 anniversary of the Chicago protests.


           1889年7月在巴黎举行的第二国际第一次代表大会决定把5月1日作为“国际示威游行日”亦称“国际劳动节”。

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