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五一劳动节要到了,可是你知道它是怎么来的吗? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2012-4-25 11:31:57 |Display all floors
This post was edited by RabbiMoMo at 2012-4-25 11:33



         International Workers' Day (also known as May 1, Labor Day) is a national holiday in more than 80 countries. It is also celebrated unofficially in many other countries.



          International Workers' Day is the commemoration of the 1886 Haymarket Massacre in Chicago, when, after an unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at police as they dispersed a public meeting, Chicago police fired on workers during a general strike for the eight hour workday, killing several demonstrators and resulting in the deaths of several police officers, largely from friendly fire.

    188651日,以美国芝加哥为中心,在美国举行了约35万人参加的大规模罢工和示威游行,示威者要求改善劳动条件,实行八小时工作制。53日芝加哥政府出动警察进行镇压,开枪打死两人,事态扩大,54日罢工工人在干草市场广场举行抗议,由于不明身份者向警察投掷炸弹,最终警察开枪,先后共有4位工人、7位警察死亡,史称干草市场暴乱Haymarket Riot)或干草市场屠杀Haymarket Massacre)。

         In 1889, the first congress of the Second International, meeting in Paris for the centennial of the French Revolution and the Exposition Universelle, following a proposal by Raymond Lavigne, called for international demonstrations on the 1890 anniversary of the Chicago protests.


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