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Hu gives Obama another warm hug [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2010-4-7 11:32:40 |Display all floors
so that means sino-us relation is back on track? us always treats china like this, hit china hard, and then give it a candy. china is too weak to fight with the us directly, although some military officials announced that china has advanced arms to have a war with america. but everybody knows it's a joke. when a war really outbreaks between the two, china will definitely be defeated in a short time. the economy issue is the same. although china is holding us treasuries, it's facing bubble and will have a inflation this year. from every aspect, china is weaker than the us, so although the us is saving china's face somehow, it still decides china's future to great extent.

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China's announcement that President Hu Jintao will attend a summit on nuclear security in the United States next week signals the return of pragmatism in the handling of ties with the US. As a result, the strained relations between Beijing and Washington, caused by China's furious reaction to the Obama administration's decision to sell arms to Taiwan and meet the Dalai Lama - and fuelled by the US rebuke of Beijing as an alleged "unfair currency manipulator" - will ease quickly.

China has broadly and profoundly integrated into the world community. The announcement of Hu's visit might not raise eyebrows, but it is truly a significant decision. Given the bitter debate within China on how to react in the wake of the US violation of Beijing's "core interests" - Taiwan and Tibet are officially tagged as such interests - and the divisions among Chinese elites, the announcement represents a new consensus and the punctuation of domestic debates.

I can imagine how heavily the policy weighed on China's top leadership, since we know that quite a significant number of officials objected to Hu's attendance. These opponents thought it would be a one-sided concession to the ruthless undermining of Chinese "national dignity".

China-US ties displayed unprecedented vigour last year. US President Barack Obama used warm words to describe US relations with China, saying the relationship was the most important and meaningful one in the world. He encouraged his Chinese counterparts to play a bigger role, undertake more responsibilities, and share global leadership with the US in dealing with a variety of global challenges.

Obama's visit to Beijing last November and his "China enthusiasm" inspired Chinese, and he received more attention from the Chinese people than any other US president. Optimism arguably penetrated the China-US relationship. Most analysts were convinced that both sides could cement a more co-operative, constructive and comprehensive "working relationship".

Things quickly got worse, with Washington's arms-sale decision in January and Obama's February meeting with the Dalai Lama. Beijing reacted toughly, even announcing sanctions against US companies involved in arms sales to Taiwan, and blasting the White House for decisions that damaged China's "core interests". But US arms sales to Taiwan have gone on for 30 years, and meetings with the Dalai Lama for 18 years. Still, Chinese opposition to them seems tougher than ever this year.

The reasons behind Beijing's outrage are easily identified. First, most Chinese leaders thought Obama's China enthusiasm was rhetorical rather than substantive.

These strong knocks sparked questions in Beijing about the substantive improvement in bilateral relations with Washington. Perhaps no one in Washington was surprised by the arms-sale decision because there had been no overhaul of the long-held "one China policy" after Obama became president. Arms sales to Taiwan are an integral component of that policy. Meeting the Dalai Lama was a political asset, as no president is willing to give the impression the US will bend to China's demands.

Beijing has a totally different agenda to that of the US on these issues. For Hu, nothing could be more pressing and important than Taiwan and Tibet as long as he wants to leave a "legacy" and add to his support. Beijing's push on those two issues is an extension of domestic politics. In the US, too, domestic politics have long directed US priorities on the issues.

The second reason is Beijing's growing intolerance of arms sales to Taiwan and the Dalai Lama meeting, given the fact that China-US ties have become symbiotic.

The global financial crisis, Beijing's possession of huge amounts of US Treasuries, and the presumed US need for Chinese co-operation, are creating mixed feelings of confidence and frustration among Chinese. They assume the US should respond nicely to China while it does favours for the US on a couple of fronts - like investing in its bonds and jointly stimulating the world economy. It seems that Chinese feel they are in a better position to seek changes in their favour. For them, the rigid US position does not reflect the nature of the new Sino-US symbiosis, and fails to recognise Beijing's growing international clout.

Additionally, Chinese thought it fair to ask for a change, since it would not be linked to a real challenge to US primacy, but would better support and underscore China-US co-operation. The irony is that China's fierce reaction and stubborn refusal to revalue its currency have been perceived as the "real challenge" to the US, at least in political terms. The Obama administration has no intent, and US society is not yet ready, to change its traditional policy trajectory when dealing with China.

The announcement that Hu will attend the nuclear security summit indicates Beijing is calming down. Despite a residual and marked dissatisfaction, China isn't willing to derail the relationship with Washington, and instead wants to move forward with collaboration between the two powers. By persistently broadening converging interests with the US and strengthening co-operation on transnational issues, Beijing's pragmatism is prevailing once again. Similarly, China's stance over the Iranian issue has become more supportive.

However, their different domestic audiences will invariably influence both governments' policy priorities. While Hu is about to give Obama another warm hug, the China-US relationship will still face a lot of tests in the future.
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Post time 2010-4-7 11:50:01 |Display all floors
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Post time 2010-4-7 11:57:01 |Display all floors
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Post time 2010-4-7 14:11:36 |Display all floors

China in balancing act between Iran and U.S.


If American officials are correct, China could be poised to lend crucial support to White House efforts to curb Iran's nuclear ambitions.

On Wednesday, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice said China had "agreed to sit down and begin serious negotiations in New York" over possible new sanctions against Iran. But can Beijing afford to alienate Tehran?

"More broadly, China and Iran share a strong resentment of perceived Western imperialistic behavior, both historically and currently, through perceived American meddling in their domestic politics. Beijing has a strong bond with Tehran that it considers helps counter-balance American influence and interests in the region, which China considers part of its grand periphery."

Beijing, so far, has downplayed the U.S. reports. Publicly, it has merely repeated its usual stance.

"We oppose Iran's possession of nuclear weapons," said Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang. "At the same time, we also believe that as a sovereign state, it has the right to peacefully use nuclear technology. We hope all sides can resolve this through diplomatic negotiations."

Meanwhile, some believe China may be trying to maximize its gains by being the man in the middle.

Iran's top nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili is lobbying China's leaders. At the end of his talks in Beijing this week, Jalili said the main objective of his visit was to appeal to China to reject additional sanctions on Iran, maintaining that his country's nuclear program is for peaceful purposes.

"We've told China to see to it that the superpower countries abandon their mistaken approach," he told a news conference. "The Chinese said they would continue to negotiate and apply pressure."

Analysts say Iran is trying to coax China's political support by dangling lucrative energy deals and offering incentives to Chinese energy companies. They expected energy to dominate Jalili's talks in Beijing.

"It's the glue that cements relationships between Iran and China," said Jakobson. "China needs Iran because of its energy. Iran needs China for a number of reasons. But of course the nuclear issue will come up. I'm sure China will continue to persistently try and persuade Iran to comply with the IAEA [International Atomic Energy Agency] and open up their facility for inspection."

President Obama has used phone diplomacy to court China's support. While on board Air Force One touring the northeastern United States, he held a one-hour phone conversation with Chinese President Hu Jintao.

In a statement, the White House also welcomed Hu's decision to attend a Nuclear Security Summit in Washington in mid-April, calling it an "important opportunity" for both countries to address their shared interest in "stopping nuclear proliferation and protecting against nuclear terrorism."

"China attaches great importance to the issue of nuclear security, opposing nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism, and supporting the international efforts to enhance cooperation on nuclear security," Hu told Obama, according to Chinese media reports.

The phone conversation seems to signal an improvement in U.S.-China relations.

In recent months, the two global powers have clashed over U.S. weapons sales to Taiwan, Obama's meeting with the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, and Beijing's Internet censorship.

They have also clashed over trade disputes, with Washington pressuring China to revalue its yuan currency, which American politicians say is being kept artificially low to give China's export industry an unfair advantage.

The changing tone of Sino-U.S. relations may indicate that China will put more of a premium on its ties with the United States than with Iran, analysts said.

Analysts said, on the issue of tougher sanctions, China will likely drag its feet, weaken the language of a U.N. resolution, but refrain from wielding its veto power. "I think China is very serious about non-proliferation," said SIPRI's Jakobson.

"China does not want to see Iran become a nuclear weapon state, but on the other hand, China is dead against the use of sanctions and wants to see this whole thing resolved through diplomatic means. China does recognize the importance of the United States to its own well being, the interdependence between the U.S. and China. China wants to be seen as responsible and cooperative in the international arena."

And China does not want to be the odd man out.

The U.S. has been pressing China to support a new U.N. Security Council resolution that would impose tougher sanctions. China, which wields veto power on the security council, has been hesitant. It's the last holdout in the way of passing new sanctions that U.S. President Barack Obama says he wants to put in place within weeks. If China actually signs on, it could be a startling game-changer.

The key word is "could." Linda Jakobson, Global Security Analyst at the think tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) China, said: "I don't think China is going to easily, or in any short time, agree to sanctions. It goes against the grain of China's foreign policy."

China's position has always been to use diplomacy and dialogue, not sanctions, to resolve the standoff.

"It does not fundamentally believe that sanctions on Iran are going to work," Stephanie Kleine-Ahlbrandt, China adviser of the International Crisis Group explained. "It thinks sanctions will actually backfire by inducing resistance instead of compliance."

China has other reasons to hesitate. "Iran is China's third-largest oil supplier and home to expanding energy and commercial enterprises," said Kleine-Ahlbrandt.
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Post time 2010-4-7 18:34:32 |Display all floors
Originally posted by polaris1120 at 2010 at 2010-4-7 11:32

"us always treats china like this, hit china hard, and then give it a candy. china is too weak to fight with the us directly,......."

Does China always concede to be treated in this manner as the rest of the world views it? Only China can answer!

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Post time 2010-4-7 19:20:47 |Display all floors
Originally posted by polaris1120 at 2010 at 2010-4-7 11:32

"when a war really outbreaks between the two, china will definitely be defeated in a short time. the economy issue is the same.

If and when war should break up between the two countries, China & the U.S; rest assure, there will be no winner! The U.S. has not come out to be the ultimate winner in the Afghanistan and Iraq wars after close to a decade of engagement! Has it? And China is no Afghanistan or Iraq. And that is a fact!

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Post time 2010-4-8 05:20:26 |Display all floors
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