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Study: Cigarettes kill, but don't tell smokers [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2009-12-9 16:09:22 |Display all floors
SINGAPORE: Cigarette pack warnings that remind smokers of the fatal consequences of their habit may actually make them smoke more as a way to cope with the inevitability of death, according to researchers.

A small study by psychologists from the United States, Switzerland and Germany showed that warnings unrelated to death, such as "smoking makes you unattractive" or "smoking brings you and the people around you severe damage", were more effective in changing smokers' attitudes towards their habit.

This was especially the case in people who smoked to boost their self-esteem, such as youth who took up the habit to impress or fit in with their peers and others who thought smoking increased their social value, the researchers said.

"In general, when smokers are faced with death-related anti-smoking messages on cigarette packs, they produce active coping attempts as reflected in their willingness to continue the risky smoking behaviour," the study said.

"To succeed with anti-smoking messages on cigarette packs one has to take into account that considering their death may make people smoke."

The study was based on 39 psychology students, aged between 17 and 41, who said they were smokers.

Participants filled in a questionnaire to determine how much their smoking was based on self-esteem, were then shown cigarette packs with different warnings on them, and then after a 15-minute delay, the students were asked more questions about their smoking behaviour that included if they intended to quit.

"On the one hand, death-related warnings were not effective and even ironically caused more positive smoking attitudes among smokers who based their self-esteem on smoking," the study said.

"On the other hand, warning messages that were unrelated to death effectively reduced smoking attitudes the more recipients based their self-esteem on smoking."

The researchers said this finding can be explained by the fact that warnings such as "smoking makes you unattractive" may be particularly threatening to people who believe that smoking makes them feel valued by others or boosts their self-image.

The study was published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.
I am a Beijing girl.

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Post time 2009-12-9 16:17:54 |Display all floors
Thanks for this meaningful and informative post!  

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Post time 2009-12-9 17:15:52 |Display all floors

one thing that makes my blood boils is sitting in a restaurant

next to a smoker who thinks I don't exist. This is disgusting behaviour to me. It reminds of Singapore in the 1970s when you can smoke inside buildings and even in a crowded bus!! Yes, I lived through that time in Singapore. But today, after 30 years of campaign, this would be unthinkable.

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Post time 2009-12-9 17:28:09 |Display all floors
and someone likes to smoke at the bus stop. i cannot stand next to him! the worse is, he often drops the cigarette on the ground when the bus comes. environmental pollution!

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Post time 2009-12-9 17:31:52 |Display all floors
Originally posted by Fookchew at 2009-12-9 17:15
next to a smoker who thinks I don't exist. This is disgusting behaviour to me. It reminds of Singapore in the 1970s when you can smoke inside buildings and even in a crowded bus!! Yes, I lived thro ...


in most restaurants in beijing you will find a man smoking a cigarette right next to you and right in front of the large "No Smoking" sign from the Being patriotic health campaign.  People don't smoke on the public city buses but the intercity buses are still chocked with smoke.  

I remember a long sleeper bus ride from Tonghua to Beijing where some guy would get up every half hour to smoke a cigarette, which would then wake up everyone else on the bus and tempt them to smoke one.

China seems to have stamped out Opium only to find its populous addicted to a much more annoying, dirtier drug.

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Post time 2009-12-16 07:54:13 |Display all floors

Smoking

Originally posted by polaris1120 at 2009-12-9 16:09
SINGAPORE: Cigarette pack warnings that remind smokers of the fatal consequences of their habit may actually make them smoke more as a way to cope with the inevitability of death, according to rese ...



Someone asked me "do you smoke while having sex"

I said " I dont know I've never looked"

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Post time 2010-5-27 12:36:57 |Display all floors
That was very informative.
Well i have my own question btw.

If smoking cigarettes kills you.....Why is it legal to buy murder?

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