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这一句的代词怎么这么怪? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2009-8-25 09:59:16 |Display all floors
呵,高手很多,再请教:

原文

he who feels the respect which is due to others cannot fail to inspire in them regard for himself,while----

翻译:给别人以应有尊重的人,肯定会得到别人的尊重。

这一句的代词把我弄得晕晕的,

我觉得如果以中文再翻译过来,我可能会翻为:

he who feels the respect which is due to himself cannot fail to inspeire in others regard for themselvs.

在这里我用‘HIMSELF ’代表了他的名子中的“OTHERS,”用“OTHERS”代表了“THEM”,

这样对不对?

还有原文中的句子结构可以帮我分析一下吗?

真诚感谢。

[ Last edited by polly8206 at 2009-8-25 10:01 AM ]

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Post time 2009-8-25 22:17:33 |Display all floors

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此句主句为 he cannot fail...; who...others 为定语从句,说明 he 的,其中带一个定语从句 which is ...,是说明 respect 的;动词 inspire 连带两个宾语:regard (直接宾语),in them (间接宾语),可译为“连动式”:
激起他们对他(自己)的关注(尊重)。
把你译的英文再译为中文,看看意思相当不?

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Post time 2009-8-26 09:41:58 |Display all floors
王教授,你应该给我们出书,把像我这种语法差的人好好补一补

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Post time 2009-8-26 11:25:12 |Display all floors
Originally posted by polly8206 at 2009-8-25 09:59

这一句的代词把我弄得晕晕的,

others和them都是代词,但是这里to others=to the other people,所以才有后面的in them。

另外,due用作形容词。the respect which is due to others 和 the due respect to others的意思相近。

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Post time 2009-8-26 11:59:56 |Display all floors

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网友 polly8206: 现在语法书有很多,关键是要学活,记住一些原则,用于分析句子结构,学会根据逻辑关系切分句子。有什么实际问题可问我,有求必应。请问做什么工作,那个学校毕业。我的邮箱 QQ 1124900566

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