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gourmand n. epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink 美食家；特喜欢吃喝的人 Gourmands lack self-restraint; if they enjoy a particular cuisine, they eat far too much of it. 贪吃的人缺乏自制；如果他们喜爱某一种菜肴，就会大吃特吃。|
cf epicure n. (After the Greek philosopher Epicurus, who taught that peace of mind, cultural
interests, and a discriminating temperance in sensual pleasure lead to the good life.) connoisseur of food and drink (饮食等方面的)鉴赏家；美食家 Epicures frequent this
restaurant because it features exotic wines and dishes. 美食家经常光顾这家餐馆，因该
餐馆以异国风味的酒菜为其特色。 epicurean adj.
glutton n. someone who eats too much 吃得太多的人；贪吃的人 When Mother
saw that Bobby had eaten all the cookies, she called him a little glutton. 母亲看到博比把
gourmet n. connoisseur of food and drink 美酒美食品尝家 The gourmet stated that this was the best onion soup she had ever tasted. 品尝家声称这是她所品尝过的最美味的洋葱汤。
《中高级英语考试词汇捷径》的例证译自Barron’s GRE（Barron’s GRE 第14版）
【点评】If you love good food and fine wine, you can call yourself a GOURMET[谐音：met“美”]But if,in additon to this,you are fastidious in your choices and know just exactly what to order in a restaurant or buy in a store, you can call yourself an EPICURE.EPICURE is a word derived from the name of the Greek philosopher Epicurus, who believed that pleasure was the highest good but who also taught his followers to do all things in moderation in order to prevent the consequences of overindulgence. EPICURE,then,conveys not only the idea of pleasure but the idea of discrimination as well.It is used more loosely today so you can take EPICUREAN delight in almost anything---painting,architecture,books,gardens,even automobiles.